American Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems

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Impact Assessment of Optimal Integration of Combined DG and D-STATCOM Allocation for Active Distribution System Enhancement with Loading Variations

Received: 11 July 2023    Accepted: 26 July 2023    Published: 4 August 2023
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Abstract

Renewable Distributed Generation (RDG) is a promising alternative to conventional power generation methods because it reduces power losses and dependence on central power generation. However, when DG is deployed, it doesn’t always provide the reactive power needed for proper voltage regulation leading to low voltage on some buses. To achieve the maximum benefits of a DG unit, a combined DG and D-STATCOM allocation is evaluated. The selection of the optimal capacity and position of these compensators requires appropriate optimization methods to be solved. The real and reactive power loss reduction and voltage profile improvement was selected as objective function and the Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) optimization algorithm was used to solve the optimal allocation problem under variable load conditions. Four case studies, including combined DG / D-STATCOM at the same location (Case III) and combined DG / D-STATCOM at separate locations (case IV), were considered under different load factors of normal, light and peak loading conditions. The performance analysis of these approaches was tested on the standard IEEE 33-bus radial distribution system. The MATLAB 2021b environment was used for the simulations. The outcomes showed that applying optimal DG and D-STACOM at separate locations resulted in a better percentage real power loss reduction of (76.34%, 75.95%, and 75.41%) compared to combined DG/D-STATCOM at the same location, which recorded (72.41%, 71.62% and 71.12%) under normal, light and peak loading conditions. Similarly, optimal DG/DSTATCOM at separate locations recorded better reactive power loss reduction (72.71%, 72.71%, and 72.11%) compared to DG/D-STATCOM at the same location, which recorded (66.57%, 66.57%, and 65.98%) under the said loading conditions. However, DG/D-STATCOM at the same location offered slightly better voltage profile improvement.

DOI 10.11648/j.epes.20231204.12
Published in American Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems (Volume 12, Issue 4, July 2023)
Page(s) 68-76
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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Distribution Static Compensator (D-STATCOM), Distributed Generation (DG), Artificial Bee Colony, Distribution System

References
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Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Musa Mustapha, Ganiyu Ayinde Bakare, Yau Shuaibu Haruna, Babagana Mallambe Mustapha, Musa Baba Lawan, et al. (2023). Impact Assessment of Optimal Integration of Combined DG and D-STATCOM Allocation for Active Distribution System Enhancement with Loading Variations. American Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, 12(4), 68-76. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.epes.20231204.12

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    ACS Style

    Musa Mustapha; Ganiyu Ayinde Bakare; Yau Shuaibu Haruna; Babagana Mallambe Mustapha; Musa Baba Lawan, et al. Impact Assessment of Optimal Integration of Combined DG and D-STATCOM Allocation for Active Distribution System Enhancement with Loading Variations. Am. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst. 2023, 12(4), 68-76. doi: 10.11648/j.epes.20231204.12

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    AMA Style

    Musa Mustapha, Ganiyu Ayinde Bakare, Yau Shuaibu Haruna, Babagana Mallambe Mustapha, Musa Baba Lawan, et al. Impact Assessment of Optimal Integration of Combined DG and D-STATCOM Allocation for Active Distribution System Enhancement with Loading Variations. Am J Electr Power Energy Syst. 2023;12(4):68-76. doi: 10.11648/j.epes.20231204.12

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  • @article{10.11648/j.epes.20231204.12,
      author = {Musa Mustapha and Ganiyu Ayinde Bakare and Yau Shuaibu Haruna and Babagana Mallambe Mustapha and Musa Baba Lawan and Abdulkadir Abubakar Sadiq},
      title = {Impact Assessment of Optimal Integration of Combined DG and D-STATCOM Allocation for Active Distribution System Enhancement with Loading Variations},
      journal = {American Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems},
      volume = {12},
      number = {4},
      pages = {68-76},
      doi = {10.11648/j.epes.20231204.12},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.epes.20231204.12},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.epes.20231204.12},
      abstract = {Renewable Distributed Generation (RDG) is a promising alternative to conventional power generation methods because it reduces power losses and dependence on central power generation. However, when DG is deployed, it doesn’t always provide the reactive power needed for proper voltage regulation leading to low voltage on some buses. To achieve the maximum benefits of a DG unit, a combined DG and D-STATCOM allocation is evaluated. The selection of the optimal capacity and position of these compensators requires appropriate optimization methods to be solved. The real and reactive power loss reduction and voltage profile improvement was selected as objective function and the Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) optimization algorithm was used to solve the optimal allocation problem under variable load conditions. Four case studies, including combined DG / D-STATCOM at the same location (Case III) and combined DG / D-STATCOM at separate locations (case IV), were considered under different load factors of normal, light and peak loading conditions. The performance analysis of these approaches was tested on the standard IEEE 33-bus radial distribution system. The MATLAB 2021b environment was used for the simulations. The outcomes showed that applying optimal DG and D-STACOM at separate locations resulted in a better percentage real power loss reduction of (76.34%, 75.95%, and 75.41%) compared to combined DG/D-STATCOM at the same location, which recorded (72.41%, 71.62% and 71.12%) under normal, light and peak loading conditions. Similarly, optimal DG/DSTATCOM at separate locations recorded better reactive power loss reduction (72.71%, 72.71%, and 72.11%) compared to DG/D-STATCOM at the same location, which recorded (66.57%, 66.57%, and 65.98%) under the said loading conditions. However, DG/D-STATCOM at the same location offered slightly better voltage profile improvement.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Impact Assessment of Optimal Integration of Combined DG and D-STATCOM Allocation for Active Distribution System Enhancement with Loading Variations
    AU  - Musa Mustapha
    AU  - Ganiyu Ayinde Bakare
    AU  - Yau Shuaibu Haruna
    AU  - Babagana Mallambe Mustapha
    AU  - Musa Baba Lawan
    AU  - Abdulkadir Abubakar Sadiq
    Y1  - 2023/08/04
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.epes.20231204.12
    DO  - 10.11648/j.epes.20231204.12
    T2  - American Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems
    JF  - American Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems
    JO  - American Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems
    SP  - 68
    EP  - 76
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2326-9200
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.epes.20231204.12
    AB  - Renewable Distributed Generation (RDG) is a promising alternative to conventional power generation methods because it reduces power losses and dependence on central power generation. However, when DG is deployed, it doesn’t always provide the reactive power needed for proper voltage regulation leading to low voltage on some buses. To achieve the maximum benefits of a DG unit, a combined DG and D-STATCOM allocation is evaluated. The selection of the optimal capacity and position of these compensators requires appropriate optimization methods to be solved. The real and reactive power loss reduction and voltage profile improvement was selected as objective function and the Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) optimization algorithm was used to solve the optimal allocation problem under variable load conditions. Four case studies, including combined DG / D-STATCOM at the same location (Case III) and combined DG / D-STATCOM at separate locations (case IV), were considered under different load factors of normal, light and peak loading conditions. The performance analysis of these approaches was tested on the standard IEEE 33-bus radial distribution system. The MATLAB 2021b environment was used for the simulations. The outcomes showed that applying optimal DG and D-STACOM at separate locations resulted in a better percentage real power loss reduction of (76.34%, 75.95%, and 75.41%) compared to combined DG/D-STATCOM at the same location, which recorded (72.41%, 71.62% and 71.12%) under normal, light and peak loading conditions. Similarly, optimal DG/DSTATCOM at separate locations recorded better reactive power loss reduction (72.71%, 72.71%, and 72.11%) compared to DG/D-STATCOM at the same location, which recorded (66.57%, 66.57%, and 65.98%) under the said loading conditions. However, DG/D-STATCOM at the same location offered slightly better voltage profile improvement.
    VL  - 12
    IS  - 4
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria

  • Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria

  • Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria

  • Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria

  • Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria

  • Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria

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