International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering

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The Performance of Four Stroke Surface Ignition Ceramic Heater C.I. Engine using Ethanol-Diesel Blend

Received: 16 February 2014    Accepted:     Published: 10 March 2014
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Abstract

In this paper an experimental investigation on the performance of four stroke C.I.engine fueled with pure diesel (B0D100E0) and ethanol-diesel blends containing 10%, 20%, 25% and 30% by volume of ethanol (E) are evaluated. Formaldehyde (B) additive is used to solubility of ethanol indiesel that acts as a bridging agent and bonding to produce a homogeneous blend.The tests are carried out on a ceramic heater10KW single cylinder diesel engine under steady state operating conditions on two specified speeds of 1500 rpm and 2000.rpm. The Partially Stabilized Zirconia (PSZ) ceramic heater is used to reduce the emissions from the engine and improve engine output behavior. The relevant parameters such as brake thermal efficiency (BTE), break specific fuel consumption (BSFC) and emissions are calculated for ethanol-diesel blends by B5D85E10, B5D75E20, B5D70E25and B5D65E30. The PSZ ceramic heater is used to reduce the emissions by 38% of NOx, under half load condition for the blends of B5D85E10 gives minimum CO emissions and unburned HC emissions by 7.5ppm from the engine and improve engine output behavior to 1.8%.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijepe.20140302.11
Published in International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering (Volume 3, Issue 2, April 2014)
Page(s) 38-45
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Ethanol, Formaldehyde,Emissions,Ceramic Heater

References
[1] Alan C.Hansena.*, Qin Zhanga, Peter W.L.Lyneb
[2] aDepartment of Agricultural and Biological Engineering. University of Illinois 1304 W. Pennsylvania Ave., Urbana, IL 61801. USA.
[3] b School of Bioresources Engineering and Environmental Hydrology. University of Natal, Private Bag X01, Scottsville 3209, South Africa
[4] Ethanol –diesel fuel blends – a review Bioresource Technology 96 (2005) 277 -285
[5] E.A.Ajava.*, BachchanSinghb, T.K.Bhattacharyac
[6] a Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Technology, University of Ibadan , Nigeria
[7] b College of Technology, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture &Technology,Pantnagar – 263145 (U.P), India
[8] c Department of Farm Machinery and power Engineering ,G.B.Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar – 263145 (U.P) ,India
[9] Experimental study of some performance parameters of a constant speed stationary diesel engine using ethanol-diesel blends as fuel. Biomass and Bioenergy 17 (1999) 357-365.
[10] DANIEL NG., National Aeronautics and space Administration, Lewis Research center, Cleveland, Ohio 44135, Temperature measurement of a Miniature Ceramic heater in the presence of an Extended Interfering background radiation sources using a multiwavelength pyrometer.
[11] Chonglin Song a.*, ZhuangZhaoa,b, Gang L.Va, JinouSonga, LidongLiua, Ruifen Zhao a
[12] a State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
[13] bDongfengChooyang Diesel Engine Co. Ltd. China
[14] Carbonyl compound emissions from a heavy –duty diesel engine fueled with diesel fuel and ethanol –diesel blend. Chemosphere 79 (2010) 1033-1039
[15] Douglas J.Ball and Glenn E.Tripp (Delphi Automotive), Louis S. Socha, AchimHeibel and MedhaKulkarni (Corning , Inc.) , Phillip A. Weber ( South west Research Institute), Douglas G. Linden (ASEC Manufacturing)
[16] A comparison of Emissions and Flow Restriction of Thin wall Ceramic Substrates for Low Emission Vehicles. 199-01-0271 Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc.
[17] HwanamKima, Byungchul Choia,b.*
[18] aGraduate School of Mechanical Engineering, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757,Republic of Korea.
[19] b School of Mechanical Systems Engineering, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, Republic of Korea
[20] Effect of ethanol-diesel blend fuels on emission and particle size distribution in a common – rail direct injection diesel engine with warm-up catalytic converter. Renewable Energy 33 (2008) 2222-2228
[21] JinchengHuanga, YaodongWanga,b.*, ShuangdingLia, Anthony P.Roskilyb,
[22] HongdongYua, HuifenLia
[23] a Mechanical Engineering College, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, China
[24] b The Sir Joseph Swan Institute for Energy Research, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE 1 7RU , United Kingdom
[25] Experimental Investigation on the performance and emissions of a diesel engine fuelled with ethanol – diesel blends. Applied Thermal Engineering 29(2009) 2484-2490
[26] John B. Heywood, Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals, McGraw Hill Book Company, New Delhi, 1988.
[27] http//global.kyocera.com/prdct/fc/product/pdf/heaters.pdf
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  • APA Style

    Muthuraman S., Rama Udaya Marthandan R. (2014). The Performance of Four Stroke Surface Ignition Ceramic Heater C.I. Engine using Ethanol-Diesel Blend. International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering, 3(2), 38-45. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijepe.20140302.11

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    ACS Style

    Muthuraman S.; Rama Udaya Marthandan R. The Performance of Four Stroke Surface Ignition Ceramic Heater C.I. Engine using Ethanol-Diesel Blend. Int. J. Energy Power Eng. 2014, 3(2), 38-45. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepe.20140302.11

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    AMA Style

    Muthuraman S., Rama Udaya Marthandan R. The Performance of Four Stroke Surface Ignition Ceramic Heater C.I. Engine using Ethanol-Diesel Blend. Int J Energy Power Eng. 2014;3(2):38-45. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepe.20140302.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijepe.20140302.11,
      author = {Muthuraman S. and Rama Udaya Marthandan R.},
      title = {The Performance of Four Stroke Surface Ignition Ceramic Heater C.I. Engine using Ethanol-Diesel Blend},
      journal = {International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering},
      volume = {3},
      number = {2},
      pages = {38-45},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijepe.20140302.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijepe.20140302.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijepe.20140302.11},
      abstract = {In this paper an experimental investigation on the performance of four stroke C.I.engine fueled with pure diesel (B0D100E0) and ethanol-diesel blends containing 10%, 20%, 25% and 30% by volume of ethanol (E) are evaluated. Formaldehyde (B) additive is used to solubility of ethanol indiesel that acts as a bridging agent and bonding to produce a homogeneous blend.The tests are carried out on a ceramic heater10KW single cylinder diesel engine under steady state operating conditions on two specified speeds of 1500 rpm and 2000.rpm. The Partially Stabilized Zirconia (PSZ) ceramic heater is used to reduce the emissions from the engine and improve engine output behavior. The relevant parameters such as brake thermal efficiency (BTE), break specific fuel consumption (BSFC) and emissions are calculated for ethanol-diesel blends by B5D85E10, B5D75E20, B5D70E25and B5D65E30. The PSZ ceramic heater is used to reduce the emissions by 38% of NOx, under half load condition for the blends of B5D85E10 gives minimum CO emissions and unburned HC emissions by 7.5ppm from the engine and improve engine output behavior to 1.8%.},
     year = {2014}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - The Performance of Four Stroke Surface Ignition Ceramic Heater C.I. Engine using Ethanol-Diesel Blend
    AU  - Muthuraman S.
    AU  - Rama Udaya Marthandan R.
    Y1  - 2014/03/10
    PY  - 2014
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijepe.20140302.11
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ijepe.20140302.11
    T2  - International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering
    JF  - International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering
    JO  - International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering
    SP  - 38
    EP  - 45
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2326-960X
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijepe.20140302.11
    AB  - In this paper an experimental investigation on the performance of four stroke C.I.engine fueled with pure diesel (B0D100E0) and ethanol-diesel blends containing 10%, 20%, 25% and 30% by volume of ethanol (E) are evaluated. Formaldehyde (B) additive is used to solubility of ethanol indiesel that acts as a bridging agent and bonding to produce a homogeneous blend.The tests are carried out on a ceramic heater10KW single cylinder diesel engine under steady state operating conditions on two specified speeds of 1500 rpm and 2000.rpm. The Partially Stabilized Zirconia (PSZ) ceramic heater is used to reduce the emissions from the engine and improve engine output behavior. The relevant parameters such as brake thermal efficiency (BTE), break specific fuel consumption (BSFC) and emissions are calculated for ethanol-diesel blends by B5D85E10, B5D75E20, B5D70E25and B5D65E30. The PSZ ceramic heater is used to reduce the emissions by 38% of NOx, under half load condition for the blends of B5D85E10 gives minimum CO emissions and unburned HC emissions by 7.5ppm from the engine and improve engine output behavior to 1.8%.
    VL  - 3
    IS  - 2
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Higher college of Technology, Muscat, Oman

  • Research scholar, Sathyabama University, India

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