International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering

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An Efficient Method for Electrical Earth Resistance Reduction Using Biochar

Received: 2 March 2015    Accepted: 7 March 2015    Published: 13 March 2015
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Abstract

This paper presents a method that treats the soil by replacing a volume of the earthing portion with biochar instead of chemicals. The method contributes to reduce the earth resistance over long periods of time in order to avoid the expensive cost of these elements and their secondary effects. In the proposed method, a volume of soil from an earthing portion of 20 cm in diameter and 1 m deep is replaced with dry biochar. The earthing electrode is driven into this earthing portion. The use of this method significantly reduced the earth resistance with one electrode from 242.0Ω to an average of 26.27 Ω with the Clay sandy soils of the Sahelian zone of Cameroon during the dry season and 2.1 Ω during the rainy season. Furthermore, smaller reductions were achieved when connecting the two such earths in parallel reducing the resistance of clay-sandy soils from 242.0 Ω to 15.2 Ω in the dry season and 1.1 Ω during the raining season.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijepe.20150402.17
Published in International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering (Volume 4, Issue 2, April 2015)
Page(s) 65-70
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Earth Resistance, Earthing Portion, Chemicals, Biochar

References
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Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Lukong Pius Nyuykonge, Noël Djongyang, Lendzemo Wirnkar Venasius, Fagbenro John Adeneyi. (2015). An Efficient Method for Electrical Earth Resistance Reduction Using Biochar. International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering, 4(2), 65-70. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijepe.20150402.17

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    ACS Style

    Lukong Pius Nyuykonge; Noël Djongyang; Lendzemo Wirnkar Venasius; Fagbenro John Adeneyi. An Efficient Method for Electrical Earth Resistance Reduction Using Biochar. Int. J. Energy Power Eng. 2015, 4(2), 65-70. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepe.20150402.17

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    AMA Style

    Lukong Pius Nyuykonge, Noël Djongyang, Lendzemo Wirnkar Venasius, Fagbenro John Adeneyi. An Efficient Method for Electrical Earth Resistance Reduction Using Biochar. Int J Energy Power Eng. 2015;4(2):65-70. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepe.20150402.17

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijepe.20150402.17,
      author = {Lukong Pius Nyuykonge and Noël Djongyang and Lendzemo Wirnkar Venasius and Fagbenro John Adeneyi},
      title = {An Efficient Method for Electrical Earth Resistance Reduction Using Biochar},
      journal = {International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering},
      volume = {4},
      number = {2},
      pages = {65-70},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijepe.20150402.17},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijepe.20150402.17},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijepe.20150402.17},
      abstract = {This paper presents a method that treats the soil by replacing a volume of the earthing portion with biochar instead of chemicals. The method contributes to reduce the earth resistance over long periods of time in order to avoid the expensive cost of these elements and their secondary effects. In the proposed method, a volume of soil from an earthing portion of 20 cm in diameter and 1 m deep is replaced with dry biochar. The earthing electrode is driven into this earthing portion. The use of this method significantly reduced the earth resistance with one electrode from 242.0Ω to an average of 26.27 Ω with the Clay sandy soils of the Sahelian zone of Cameroon during the dry season and 2.1 Ω during the rainy season. Furthermore, smaller reductions were achieved when connecting the two such earths in parallel reducing the resistance of clay-sandy soils from 242.0 Ω to 15.2 Ω in the dry season and 1.1 Ω during the raining season.},
     year = {2015}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - An Efficient Method for Electrical Earth Resistance Reduction Using Biochar
    AU  - Lukong Pius Nyuykonge
    AU  - Noël Djongyang
    AU  - Lendzemo Wirnkar Venasius
    AU  - Fagbenro John Adeneyi
    Y1  - 2015/03/13
    PY  - 2015
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijepe.20150402.17
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ijepe.20150402.17
    T2  - International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering
    JF  - International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering
    JO  - International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering
    SP  - 65
    EP  - 70
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2326-960X
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijepe.20150402.17
    AB  - This paper presents a method that treats the soil by replacing a volume of the earthing portion with biochar instead of chemicals. The method contributes to reduce the earth resistance over long periods of time in order to avoid the expensive cost of these elements and their secondary effects. In the proposed method, a volume of soil from an earthing portion of 20 cm in diameter and 1 m deep is replaced with dry biochar. The earthing electrode is driven into this earthing portion. The use of this method significantly reduced the earth resistance with one electrode from 242.0Ω to an average of 26.27 Ω with the Clay sandy soils of the Sahelian zone of Cameroon during the dry season and 2.1 Ω during the rainy season. Furthermore, smaller reductions were achieved when connecting the two such earths in parallel reducing the resistance of clay-sandy soils from 242.0 Ω to 15.2 Ω in the dry season and 1.1 Ω during the raining season.
    VL  - 4
    IS  - 2
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Renewable Energy, The Higher Institute of the Sahel, University of Maroua, Maroua, Cameroon

  • Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD-Bambui), Bamenda, Cameroon

  • Department of Crop Production, Soil and Environmental Management, Bowen University, Iwo, Osun State, Nigeria

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