International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering

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Experimental Investigation of SAHs Solar Dryers with Zigzag Aluminum Cans

Received: 9 May 2015    Accepted: 29 August 2015    Published: 7 September 2015
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Abstract

This experimental study investigates the thermal performance of two different solar-air collector designs for Ramadi climate conditions. Two types of absorber plate are fabricated and tested. Type (I) uses an absorber plate without cans, whereas Type (II) uses one with cans, these cans are arranged in a zigzag pattern. These collectors are a single-duct double-pass type. Air first enters through the inlet and then passes over the absorber plate before returning underneath the absorber and moving toward the outlet duct. Moreover, the plate is covered with 4 mm thick glass. An axial fan is used for air circulation. As a result, the increase in temperature difference is approximately 3 °C to 10.5 °C when using aluminum cans with a zigzag array. The increase in thermal efficiency between Types I and II is approximately 20%. Additionally, at an average mass flow rate of 0.075 kg/s, the difference between the practical and theoretical thermal efficiencies for the two models is approximately 3%.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijepe.20150405.11
Published in International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering (Volume 4, Issue 5, October 2015)
Page(s) 240-247
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

SAHs, Solar Dryer, Aluminum Cans, Zigzag, Thermal Performance

References
[1] Rawlings R and Butcher K. Capturing solar energy. Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers 2009.
[2] Raj Thundil Karuppa R, Pavan P, and Reddy Rajeev D., “Experimental Investigation of a New Solar Flat Plate Collector”, Research Journal of Engineering Sciences, 1(4), pp. 1–8, 2012.
[3] Mohamad AA., “High efficiency solar air heater”, Solar Energy, 60(2), pp. 6–71, 1997.
[4] Ion IV and Martins JG., “Design, developing and testing of a solar air collector”, Research Journal of Engineering Sciences, 1(4), pp. 1–8, 2012.
[5] Esen H., “Experimental energy and exergy analysis of a double-flow solar air heater having different obstacles on absorber plates”, Building and Environment, 43, pp. 1046–1054., 2008.
[6] Ozgen F, Esen M, and Esen H., “Experimental Investigation of Thermal Performance of a Double-flow Solar Air Heater Having Aluminium Cans”, Renewable Energy, 34, pp. 2391–2398, 2009.
[7] Sopian K, Alghoul MA, Alfegi EM, Sulaiman MY, and Musa EA., “Evaluation of thermal efficiency of double-pass solar collector with porous–nonporous media”, Renewable Energy, 34, pp. 640–645, 2009.
[8] Zomorodian A and Zamanian MA., “Designing and Evaluating an Innovative Solar Air Collector with Transpired Absorber and Cover”, International Scholarly Research Network ISRN Renewable Energy; 2012 (Article ID 282538), 5 pages, 2012.
[9] ASHRAE Applications Handbook, American Society of Heating, Solar Energy Use (ASHRAE). Atlanta, GA, 1999, Chapter 32.
[10] Amori KE and Abd-AlRaheem MA., “Field study of various air based photovoltaic/thermal hybrid solar collectors”, Renewable Energy, 63, pp. 402–414, 2014.
[11] Duffie JA and Beckman WA., Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes, John Wiley & Sons, Inc 2006.
[12] Kalogirou S., Solar Energy Engineering: Processes and Systems, Cyprus University of Technology, Elsevier’s Science and Technology, USA 2009.
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  • APA Style

    Mustafa Adil, Osama Ibrahim, Zainalabdeen Hussein, Kaleid Waleed. (2015). Experimental Investigation of SAHs Solar Dryers with Zigzag Aluminum Cans. International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering, 4(5), 240-247. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijepe.20150405.11

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    ACS Style

    Mustafa Adil; Osama Ibrahim; Zainalabdeen Hussein; Kaleid Waleed. Experimental Investigation of SAHs Solar Dryers with Zigzag Aluminum Cans. Int. J. Energy Power Eng. 2015, 4(5), 240-247. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepe.20150405.11

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    AMA Style

    Mustafa Adil, Osama Ibrahim, Zainalabdeen Hussein, Kaleid Waleed. Experimental Investigation of SAHs Solar Dryers with Zigzag Aluminum Cans. Int J Energy Power Eng. 2015;4(5):240-247. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepe.20150405.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijepe.20150405.11,
      author = {Mustafa Adil and Osama Ibrahim and Zainalabdeen Hussein and Kaleid Waleed},
      title = {Experimental Investigation of SAHs Solar Dryers with Zigzag Aluminum Cans},
      journal = {International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering},
      volume = {4},
      number = {5},
      pages = {240-247},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijepe.20150405.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijepe.20150405.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijepe.20150405.11},
      abstract = {This experimental study investigates the thermal performance of two different solar-air collector designs for Ramadi climate conditions. Two types of absorber plate are fabricated and tested. Type (I) uses an absorber plate without cans, whereas Type (II) uses one with cans, these cans are arranged in a zigzag pattern. These collectors are a single-duct double-pass type. Air first enters through the inlet and then passes over the absorber plate before returning underneath the absorber and moving toward the outlet duct. Moreover, the plate is covered with 4 mm thick glass. An axial fan is used for air circulation. As a result, the increase in temperature difference is approximately 3 °C to 10.5 °C when using aluminum cans with a zigzag array. The increase in thermal efficiency between Types I and II is approximately 20%. Additionally, at an average mass flow rate of 0.075 kg/s, the difference between the practical and theoretical thermal efficiencies for the two models is approximately 3%.},
     year = {2015}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Experimental Investigation of SAHs Solar Dryers with Zigzag Aluminum Cans
    AU  - Mustafa Adil
    AU  - Osama Ibrahim
    AU  - Zainalabdeen Hussein
    AU  - Kaleid Waleed
    Y1  - 2015/09/07
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    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijepe.20150405.11
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ijepe.20150405.11
    T2  - International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering
    JF  - International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering
    JO  - International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering
    SP  - 240
    EP  - 247
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2326-960X
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijepe.20150405.11
    AB  - This experimental study investigates the thermal performance of two different solar-air collector designs for Ramadi climate conditions. Two types of absorber plate are fabricated and tested. Type (I) uses an absorber plate without cans, whereas Type (II) uses one with cans, these cans are arranged in a zigzag pattern. These collectors are a single-duct double-pass type. Air first enters through the inlet and then passes over the absorber plate before returning underneath the absorber and moving toward the outlet duct. Moreover, the plate is covered with 4 mm thick glass. An axial fan is used for air circulation. As a result, the increase in temperature difference is approximately 3 °C to 10.5 °C when using aluminum cans with a zigzag array. The increase in thermal efficiency between Types I and II is approximately 20%. Additionally, at an average mass flow rate of 0.075 kg/s, the difference between the practical and theoretical thermal efficiencies for the two models is approximately 3%.
    VL  - 4
    IS  - 5
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Renewable Energy Research Center, University of Anbar, Ramadi, Iraq

  • Renewable Energy Research Center, University of Anbar, Ramadi, Iraq

  • Renewable Energy Research Center, University of Anbar, Ramadi, Iraq

  • Renewable Energy Research Center, University of Anbar, Ramadi, Iraq

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