International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering

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Numerical Analysis of Integrated Phase Change Material in Solar Water Heating Systems

Received: 5 May 2016    Accepted: 26 May 2016    Published: 6 June 2016
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Abstract

A mathematical model based upon the conservation and heat transfer equations has been developed to predict the thermal behavior of integrated phase change material in solar collector during thermal storage. The model includes fusion of the phase change material as well as sensible heat. The thermal behavior of the phase change material during charging and discharging have been studied numerically, and analyzed under different conditions. Comparisons were made against experimental data for validation of the predictive model. The model fairly predicted experimental data obtained at various inlet conditions.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijepe.20160503.13
Published in International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering (Volume 5, Issue 3, June 2016)
Page(s) 105-112
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Phase Change Material, Thermal Storage, Solar Collector, Numerical Model, Simulation, Experimental Validation

References
[1] Y Tian, CY Zhao. A review of solar collectors and thermal energy storage in solar thermal applications. Applied Energy 104 (2013): 538–553.
[2] Farid M. M, Khudhair, A. M., Razack, S. A. and Al-Hallaj S. A review on phase change energy storage material. Energy Conversion and Management, 2004; 45: 1597.
[3] Elawadhi, E. M., Phase change process with free convection in a circular enclosure; numerical simulation. Computer & Fluids, 2005; (33), 1335-148.
[4] Tardy F. and Sami S. M., (2008), An experimental study determining behaviour of heat pipes in thermal storage, International Journal of Ambient Energy, 2008; 29, (3).
[5] Razali T. Hamdani, Irwasnsyah, Zaini, (2004), Investigation of performance of solar water heater system using paraffin wax, ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 2014; 9, (10).
[6] Thirugnanm, C, and Marimuthu, P (2013), Experimental analysis of latent heat thermal energy storage using paraffin wax as phase change material, International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology (IJEIT), 2013; 3, (2).
[7] Hale DV, Hoover M. J, O’Neill MJ. (1971), Phase change materials hand book.
[8] Alabaa: Marshal Space Flight Center.
[9] Sami, S. M., F. Tardy"(2015), Numerical prediction of thermal storage using phase change material” IJIRE, Volume 3, No 4.
[10] Ukrainczyk N., Kurajica S., and Sipusic J., (2010), Thermophysical comparison of five commercial paraffin waxes as latent heat storage materials, Chem. Biochem. Eng. Q 24, (2), 129-137.
[11] Khot, S. A., (2014), Enhancement of thermal storage system using phase change material, Energy Procedia, 54, 142-151, 2014.
[12] Lin, S. C, Al-Kayiem, H. H. and Bin Aris, M., S., (2012), Experimental investigation on performance enhancement of integrated PCM-Flat solar collector, Journal of Applied Sciences, 12 (23), 2390-2396, 2012.
[13] Thaib, R, Hamdani, and Irwansyah, and Zaini (2014), Investigation of performances of solar water heater system using paraffin wax, ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol. 9, No. 10, Pp. 1749-52, 2014.
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[15] [14] Milisic, E, (2013), Modeling of energy storage using phase-change materials (PCM materials), Master thesis, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, July 2013.
[16] Mahmus, A, Sopian, K, Alghoul, M. A. and Sohif, M, (2009), Using a paraffin wax-aluminum compound thermal storage material in solar air heater, ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Vol. 4, No. 10, pp. 74-77, Dec 2009.
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  • APA Style

    Samuel Sami, Orlando Copado. (2016). Numerical Analysis of Integrated Phase Change Material in Solar Water Heating Systems. International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering, 5(3), 105-112. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijepe.20160503.13

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    ACS Style

    Samuel Sami; Orlando Copado. Numerical Analysis of Integrated Phase Change Material in Solar Water Heating Systems. Int. J. Energy Power Eng. 2016, 5(3), 105-112. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepe.20160503.13

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    AMA Style

    Samuel Sami, Orlando Copado. Numerical Analysis of Integrated Phase Change Material in Solar Water Heating Systems. Int J Energy Power Eng. 2016;5(3):105-112. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepe.20160503.13

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijepe.20160503.13,
      author = {Samuel Sami and Orlando Copado},
      title = {Numerical Analysis of Integrated Phase Change Material in Solar Water Heating Systems},
      journal = {International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering},
      volume = {5},
      number = {3},
      pages = {105-112},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijepe.20160503.13},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijepe.20160503.13},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijepe.20160503.13},
      abstract = {A mathematical model based upon the conservation and heat transfer equations has been developed to predict the thermal behavior of integrated phase change material in solar collector during thermal storage. The model includes fusion of the phase change material as well as sensible heat. The thermal behavior of the phase change material during charging and discharging have been studied numerically, and analyzed under different conditions. Comparisons were made against experimental data for validation of the predictive model. The model fairly predicted experimental data obtained at various inlet conditions.},
     year = {2016}
    }
    

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    T1  - Numerical Analysis of Integrated Phase Change Material in Solar Water Heating Systems
    AU  - Samuel Sami
    AU  - Orlando Copado
    Y1  - 2016/06/06
    PY  - 2016
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijepe.20160503.13
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ijepe.20160503.13
    T2  - International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering
    JF  - International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering
    JO  - International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering
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    EP  - 112
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2326-960X
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijepe.20160503.13
    AB  - A mathematical model based upon the conservation and heat transfer equations has been developed to predict the thermal behavior of integrated phase change material in solar collector during thermal storage. The model includes fusion of the phase change material as well as sensible heat. The thermal behavior of the phase change material during charging and discharging have been studied numerically, and analyzed under different conditions. Comparisons were made against experimental data for validation of the predictive model. The model fairly predicted experimental data obtained at various inlet conditions.
    VL  - 5
    IS  - 3
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Research Center for Renewable Energy, Catholic University of Cuenca, Cuenca, Ecuador

  • Faculty of Engineering Energy, University Polytechnica de Sinaloa, Sinaloa, México

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