International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering

| Peer-Reviewed |

Direct Ethanol Fuel Cell (DEFC) Assembled with Ceramic Membrane-Catalyst

Received: 7 November 2016    Accepted: 12 December 2016    Published: 10 January 2017
Views:       Downloads:

Share This Article

Abstract

Direct ethanol fuel cell (DEFC) has been assembled with the ceramic membrane based-Pt/C (40wt%) catalyst electrodes. The porous silicon carbide (SiC) membrane, fabricated through sintering process, was applied for the fabrication of DEFC. The dilute ethanol-water fuel solution was used for the DEFC operation with a micropump and air blower. The direct ethanol oxidation based-ceramic membrane fuel cell showed relatively stable potential-current behavior even though at room temperature by a continuous air-blowing and a circulation of the dilute-ethanol fuel solution. The other chemicals such as acetaldehyde or acetic acid, being formed during DEFC operation, was not detected from the NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) spectrum analyzed with the dilute ethanol fuel solution collected upto 90min.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijepe.20160506.16
Published in International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering (Volume 5, Issue 6, December 2016)
Page(s) 209-214
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Direct Ethanol Fuel Cell (DEFC), Ceramic Membrane, Membrane Electrode Assembly (MEA), Oxidation

References
[1] Badwal S. P. S., Giddey S., Kulkarni A., Goel J., Basu S., Direct ethanol fuel cells for transport and stationary applications – A comprehensive review, Applied Energy, 145 (2015) 80-103.
[2] Nancy O., (2015, December 16) Hydrogen fuel cells may turn corner in commercial drone use Retrieved from https://techxplore.com/news/2015-12-hydrogen-fuel-cells-corner-commercial.html.
[3] Kamarudin M. Z. F., Kamarudina S. K., Masdar M. S., Daud W. R. W., Review: Direct ethanol fuel cells, Int. J. of Hydrogen Energy, 38 (22) (2013) 9438–9453.
[4] Larminie J., Dicks A., Fuel Cell Systems Explained, 2nd ed., Wiely, 20-50, 2003.
[5] Song S., Tsiakaras P., Recent progress in direct ethanol proton exchange membrane fuel cells (DE-PEMFCs). Appl. Catal. B: Environ. 63, 187–193, 2006.
[6] Wang Z., Yin G., Zhang J., Sun Y., Shi P., Investigation of ethanol electrooxidation on a Pt–Ru–Ni/C catalyst for a direct ethanol fuel cell, J. Power Sources 160, 37–43, 2006.
[7] Zhou W., Zhou Z., Song S., Li W., Sun G., Tsiakaras P., Xin Q., Pt based anode catalysts for direct ethanol fuel cells, Appl. Catal. B: Environ. 46, 273–285, 2003.
[8] Zhao X., Jiang L., Sun G., Yang S., Yi B., Qin X., Electrocatalytic property of Pt-Sn catalyst for electro-oxidation of ethanol, Chin. J. Catal. 25, 983–988, 2004.
[9] Antolini E., Catalysts for direct ethanol fuel cells, Catalysts for direct ethanol fuel cells, J. Power Sources, 170 (1), 1-12, 2007.
[10] Andreadis G., Stergiopoulos V., Song S., Tsiakaras P., Direct ethanol fuel cells: The effect of the cell discharge current on the products distribution, Appl. Catal. B, 100, 157-164, 2010.
[11] Spinace E., Linardi M., Neto A., Co-catalytic effect of nickel in the electro-oxidation of ethanol on binary Pt–Sn electrocatalysts, Electrochem. Commun. 7, 365–369, 2005.
[12] Colmati F., Antolini E., Gonzalez E., Effect of temperature on the mechanism of ethanol oxidation on carbon supported Pt, PtRu and Pt3Sn electrocatalysts, J. Power Sources 157, 98–103, 2006.
[13] Colmati F., Antolini E., Gonzalez E., Ethanol oxidation on a carbon-supported Pt75Sn25 electrocatalyst prepared by reduction with formic acid: Effect of thermal treatment, Appl. Catal. B: Environ. 73, 106–115, 2007.
[14] Berg H., Nyman J., Erlandsson P., Johansson P., Matic A., Direct Ethanol Fuel Cells: Ethanol for our future fuel cells, Energiforsk AB, Stockholm, 2015.
[15] Lamy C., Lima A., Lerhun V., Delime F., Coutanceau C., Leger J. M., Recent advances in the development of direct alcohol fuel cells (DAFC), J Power Sources, 105, 283-296, 2002.
[16] An L., Zhao T. S., Performance of an alkaline-acid direct ethanol fuel cell, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 36, 9994-9999, 2011.
[17] Kim I., Han O. H., Chae S. A., Paik Y. K., Kwon S. H., Lee K. S., Sung Y. E., Kim H. S., Catalytic Reactions in Direct Ethanol Fuel Cells, Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 50, 2270-2274, 2011.
[18] Yang C. C., Chiu S. J., Lee K. T., Chien W. C., Lin C. T., Huang C. A., Study of poly (vinyl alcohol)/titanium oxide composite polymer membranes and their application on alkaline direct alcohol fuel cell, J. Power Sources, 184, 2008, 44-51.
[19] Brouzgou A.. Podias A.. Tsiakaras P., PEMFCs and AEMFCs directly fed with ethanol: a current status comparative review, J Appl Electrochem, 43, 2013, 119-136.
[20] Jafri R. I., Ramaprabhu S., Multi walled carbon nanotubes based micro direct ethanol fuel cell using printed circuit board technology, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 35, 2010, 1339-1346.
[21] Tayal J., Rawat B., Basu S., ‘Bi-metallic and trimetallic Pt-Sn/C, Pt-Ir/C, Pt-Ir-Sn/C catalysts for electro-oxidation of ethanol in direct ethanol fuel cell’, Int. J. Hydrogen energy, 36, 2011, 14884-14897.
Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Back-Sub Sung, Young-Hoon Yun. (2017). Direct Ethanol Fuel Cell (DEFC) Assembled with Ceramic Membrane-Catalyst. International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering, 5(6), 209-214. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijepe.20160506.16

    Copy | Download

    ACS Style

    Back-Sub Sung; Young-Hoon Yun. Direct Ethanol Fuel Cell (DEFC) Assembled with Ceramic Membrane-Catalyst. Int. J. Energy Power Eng. 2017, 5(6), 209-214. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepe.20160506.16

    Copy | Download

    AMA Style

    Back-Sub Sung, Young-Hoon Yun. Direct Ethanol Fuel Cell (DEFC) Assembled with Ceramic Membrane-Catalyst. Int J Energy Power Eng. 2017;5(6):209-214. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepe.20160506.16

    Copy | Download

  • @article{10.11648/j.ijepe.20160506.16,
      author = {Back-Sub Sung and Young-Hoon Yun},
      title = {Direct Ethanol Fuel Cell (DEFC) Assembled with Ceramic Membrane-Catalyst},
      journal = {International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering},
      volume = {5},
      number = {6},
      pages = {209-214},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijepe.20160506.16},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijepe.20160506.16},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijepe.20160506.16},
      abstract = {Direct ethanol fuel cell (DEFC) has been assembled with the ceramic membrane based-Pt/C (40wt%) catalyst electrodes. The porous silicon carbide (SiC) membrane, fabricated through sintering process, was applied for the fabrication of DEFC. The dilute ethanol-water fuel solution was used for the DEFC operation with a micropump and air blower. The direct ethanol oxidation based-ceramic membrane fuel cell showed relatively stable potential-current behavior even though at room temperature by a continuous air-blowing and a circulation of the dilute-ethanol fuel solution. The other chemicals such as acetaldehyde or acetic acid, being formed during DEFC operation, was not detected from the NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) spectrum analyzed with the dilute ethanol fuel solution collected upto 90min.},
     year = {2017}
    }
    

    Copy | Download

  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Direct Ethanol Fuel Cell (DEFC) Assembled with Ceramic Membrane-Catalyst
    AU  - Back-Sub Sung
    AU  - Young-Hoon Yun
    Y1  - 2017/01/10
    PY  - 2017
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijepe.20160506.16
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ijepe.20160506.16
    T2  - International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering
    JF  - International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering
    JO  - International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering
    SP  - 209
    EP  - 214
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2326-960X
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijepe.20160506.16
    AB  - Direct ethanol fuel cell (DEFC) has been assembled with the ceramic membrane based-Pt/C (40wt%) catalyst electrodes. The porous silicon carbide (SiC) membrane, fabricated through sintering process, was applied for the fabrication of DEFC. The dilute ethanol-water fuel solution was used for the DEFC operation with a micropump and air blower. The direct ethanol oxidation based-ceramic membrane fuel cell showed relatively stable potential-current behavior even though at room temperature by a continuous air-blowing and a circulation of the dilute-ethanol fuel solution. The other chemicals such as acetaldehyde or acetic acid, being formed during DEFC operation, was not detected from the NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) spectrum analyzed with the dilute ethanol fuel solution collected upto 90min.
    VL  - 5
    IS  - 6
    ER  - 

    Copy | Download

Author Information
  • Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea

  • Dept. of Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Tech., Dongshin University, Jeonnam, Korea

  • Sections