International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering

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Modelling the Effects of Climate Change on Hydroelectric Power in Dokan, Iraq

Received: 27 August 2015    Accepted: 28 August 2015    Published: 12 October 2015
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Abstract

Due to shift in the average patterns of weather, climate change became one of the significant development challenges. Hydropower is currently being utilized in more than 150 countries, including 11,000 stations with 27,000 generating units. Increasing attention has been paid to hydropower generation in recent years, because it is renewable energy. Temperature and precipitation effects from global climate change could alter future hydrologic conditions in Iraq and, as a result, future hydropower generation. This is also valid for the Middle East and Iraq. The aim of this study (part1) is to evaluate potential climate change impacts on hydropower in Dokan region, and to recommend various options to maintain optimum required water level to ensure full capacity of electricity generation throughout the year. A simple approach assumes that hydropower systems will reduce generation if water supply reduces, and vice versa. The analysis of the approach was carried out to convert changes in water resource availability to changes in electric hydropower generation. By the year 2050 and based on 12GCMs, electric power generation in Dokan power plant will decrease by 20-40 MW. The other factors such as the site head, the turbine generating capacity and efficiency which were neglected, will be measured, calculated and discussed in part2 of the study.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijepe.s.2016050201.12
Published in International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering (Volume 5, Issue 2-1, March 2016)

This article belongs to the Special Issue Modeling and Simulation of Electric Power Systems and Smart Grids

Page(s) 7-12
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Climate Change, Hydroelectric, Dokan, Dam, Modeling

References
[1] IPCC: Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation, Technical Report, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: Geneva, Belgium, 2011.
[2] Subimal, G.; Chaitali M.: Assessing Hydrological Impacts of Climate Change: Modeling Techniques, and Challenges. The Open Hydrology Journal, 4, 115-121 (2010).
[3] Atsushi, I.: Estimating Global Climate Change Impacts On Hydropower Projects: Applications in India, Srilanka And Vietnam, The World Bank Sustainable Development Network Finance, Economics, and Urban Development Department September 2007.
[4] Harrison, G.P.; Whittington, H.W.; Gundry, S.W.: Climate Change Impacts on Hydroelectric Power. In: Proceedings of 33rd University Power Engineering Conference, Edinburgh, 391-394 (1998).
[5] Byman, H.; Aanund, K.: Assessing Climate Change Impacts on Global Hydropower. Energies. 5, 305-322 (2012).
[6] Manjeet, D.: Climate Change Impacts on Reservoir based Hydropower Generation in Nepal: A case study of Kulekhani Hydropower Plant. M.Sc. thesis submitted to School of Environmental Management and Sustainable Development (SchEMS) Baneshwor, Kathmandu September, 2011.
[7] Advait, G.: Climate change impacts on hydropower and the electricity market: A case study for Switzerland Master's Thesis Faculty of Science University of Bern, 2014.
[8] Peter, D.: Climate Change and Hydropower, Impact and Adaptation Costs: Case Study Kenya. Report available at www.futurewater.nl. 2009.
[9] Indexmundi: Electricity Import to Iraq in 2011. Available at www.indexmundi.com/g/g.aspx?v=83&c=iz&l=en. 2012.
[10] Milly, P.C.D.; Dunne, K.A.; Vecchia, A.V.: Global pattern of trends in stream flow and water availability in a changing climate. Nature. 438, 347–350 (2005).
[11] Ratcliffe, V.: Power Generation a Top Priority in Iraq. Available at www.meed.com/supplements/2012/iraq-projects/power-generation-a-top-priority-in-iraq/3129589.article. (2012).
[12] The World Bank: Dokan and Darbandikhan Emergency Project. Inspection Report 1537 (2006).
[13] Iraq Ministry of water resources, Center for the study of water resources projects for the northern region: Evaluation of some irrigation projects in Dukan watershed as controlling and conservation of water resources. Preparing by: Amwag Abbas Talab, Assistant general manager of irrigation and drainage, 2013.
[14] Nadhir, Al-Ansari; Ammar A.; Ali, S.: Present Conditions and Future Challenges of Water Resources Problems in Iraq. J. Water Resour. Prot. 6, 1066-1098 (2014).
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  • APA Style

    Petter Pilesjo, Sameer Sadoon Al-Juboori. (2015). Modelling the Effects of Climate Change on Hydroelectric Power in Dokan, Iraq. International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering, 5(2-1), 7-12. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijepe.s.2016050201.12

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    ACS Style

    Petter Pilesjo; Sameer Sadoon Al-Juboori. Modelling the Effects of Climate Change on Hydroelectric Power in Dokan, Iraq. Int. J. Energy Power Eng. 2015, 5(2-1), 7-12. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepe.s.2016050201.12

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    AMA Style

    Petter Pilesjo, Sameer Sadoon Al-Juboori. Modelling the Effects of Climate Change on Hydroelectric Power in Dokan, Iraq. Int J Energy Power Eng. 2015;5(2-1):7-12. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepe.s.2016050201.12

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijepe.s.2016050201.12,
      author = {Petter Pilesjo and Sameer Sadoon Al-Juboori},
      title = {Modelling the Effects of Climate Change on Hydroelectric Power in Dokan, Iraq},
      journal = {International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering},
      volume = {5},
      number = {2-1},
      pages = {7-12},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijepe.s.2016050201.12},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijepe.s.2016050201.12},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijepe.s.2016050201.12},
      abstract = {Due to shift in the average patterns of weather, climate change became one of the significant development challenges. Hydropower is currently being utilized in more than 150 countries, including 11,000 stations with 27,000 generating units. Increasing attention has been paid to hydropower generation in recent years, because it is renewable energy. Temperature and precipitation effects from global climate change could alter future hydrologic conditions in Iraq and, as a result, future hydropower generation. This is also valid for the Middle East and Iraq. The aim of this study (part1) is to evaluate potential climate change impacts on hydropower in Dokan region, and to recommend various options to maintain optimum required water level to ensure full capacity of electricity generation throughout the year. A simple approach assumes that hydropower systems will reduce generation if water supply reduces, and vice versa. The analysis of the approach was carried out to convert changes in water resource availability to changes in electric hydropower generation. By the year 2050 and based on 12GCMs, electric power generation in Dokan power plant will decrease by 20-40 MW. The other factors such as the site head, the turbine generating capacity and efficiency which were neglected, will be measured, calculated and discussed in part2 of the study.},
     year = {2015}
    }
    

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    JO  - International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering
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    AB  - Due to shift in the average patterns of weather, climate change became one of the significant development challenges. Hydropower is currently being utilized in more than 150 countries, including 11,000 stations with 27,000 generating units. Increasing attention has been paid to hydropower generation in recent years, because it is renewable energy. Temperature and precipitation effects from global climate change could alter future hydrologic conditions in Iraq and, as a result, future hydropower generation. This is also valid for the Middle East and Iraq. The aim of this study (part1) is to evaluate potential climate change impacts on hydropower in Dokan region, and to recommend various options to maintain optimum required water level to ensure full capacity of electricity generation throughout the year. A simple approach assumes that hydropower systems will reduce generation if water supply reduces, and vice versa. The analysis of the approach was carried out to convert changes in water resource availability to changes in electric hydropower generation. By the year 2050 and based on 12GCMs, electric power generation in Dokan power plant will decrease by 20-40 MW. The other factors such as the site head, the turbine generating capacity and efficiency which were neglected, will be measured, calculated and discussed in part2 of the study.
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Author Information
  • GIS Centre, College of Science, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

  • Electronic and Control Engineering Dept., Kirkuk Technical College, Kirkuk, Iraq

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