International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences

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Prevalence and Factors Associated with Low Birth Weight in Axum and Laelay Maichew Districts, North Ethiopia: A Comparative Cross Sectional Study

Received: Oct. 28, 2014    Accepted: Nov. 12, 2014    Published: Nov. 17, 2014
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Abstract

Background: Weight at birth is a good indicator of the newborn’s chances for survival, growth, long-term health and psychosocial development. Low birth weight babies are significantly at risk of death, contributing to the high perinatal morbidity and mortality in Ethiopia. Therefore, the aimed of this study is to assess the prevalence and associated factors of Low Birth Weight in Axum and Laelay Maichew districts, Tigray, north Ethiopia. Method: An institution based comparative cross-sectional study using consecutive sampling technique was used to select a sample of 520 live birth neonates from both urban and rural districts. Data was collected from mothers’ using a structured interview questionnaire. The data were entered in to Epi-Info and analyzed on SPSS. Means and standard deviations of birth weight were calculated using the t-test. The chi-square (X2) test was computed to compare proportions of low birth weight with 95% Confidence Interval. Binary and multivariable logistic regression was used to identify the risk factors. Result: The prevalence of low birth weight was 9.9% and 6.3% in Axum and Laelay Maichew districts, respectively. In Axum district (Urban): low birth weight was associated with inadequate ANC service utilization [AOR=0.29, 95% CI:(0.12, 0.73)] and unwanted pregnancy [AOR=4.04, 95% CI:(1.17, 13.90)]. Sex of the neonate [AOR=6.08, 95% CI:(1.60, 23.07)] and pregnancy type [AOR=7.34, 95% CI:(2.050, 26.292)] were also significantly associated with low birth weight in Laelay Maichew district (rural). Conclusion and Recommendation: The prevalence of low birth weight was 9.9% and 6.3% in Axum and Laelay Maichew districts, respectively. The burden of low birth weight deliveries in these areas are associated with inadequate ANC service utilization, unwanted pregnancy and female sex of the neonate which deserve goal oriented prenatal care and choice based family planning service provision by the respective health facilities.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20140306.21
Published in International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences ( Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2014 )
Page(s) 560-566
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Low Birth Weight, Axum, Laelay Maichew, Ethiopia

References
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    Negassi Teklehaimanot, Tesfay Hailu, Huruy Assefa. (2014). Prevalence and Factors Associated with Low Birth Weight in Axum and Laelay Maichew Districts, North Ethiopia: A Comparative Cross Sectional Study. International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences, 3(6), 560-566. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijnfs.20140306.21

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    ACS Style

    Negassi Teklehaimanot; Tesfay Hailu; Huruy Assefa. Prevalence and Factors Associated with Low Birth Weight in Axum and Laelay Maichew Districts, North Ethiopia: A Comparative Cross Sectional Study. Int. J. Nutr. Food Sci. 2014, 3(6), 560-566. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20140306.21

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    AMA Style

    Negassi Teklehaimanot, Tesfay Hailu, Huruy Assefa. Prevalence and Factors Associated with Low Birth Weight in Axum and Laelay Maichew Districts, North Ethiopia: A Comparative Cross Sectional Study. Int J Nutr Food Sci. 2014;3(6):560-566. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20140306.21

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijnfs.20140306.21,
      author = {Negassi Teklehaimanot and Tesfay Hailu and Huruy Assefa},
      title = {Prevalence and Factors Associated with Low Birth Weight in Axum and Laelay Maichew Districts, North Ethiopia: A Comparative Cross Sectional Study},
      journal = {International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences},
      volume = {3},
      number = {6},
      pages = {560-566},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijnfs.20140306.21},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijnfs.20140306.21},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijnfs.20140306.21},
      abstract = {Background: Weight at birth is a good indicator of the newborn’s chances for survival, growth, long-term health and psychosocial development. Low birth weight babies are significantly at risk of death, contributing to the high perinatal morbidity and mortality in Ethiopia. Therefore, the aimed of this study is to assess the prevalence and associated factors of Low Birth Weight in Axum and Laelay Maichew districts, Tigray, north Ethiopia. Method: An institution based comparative cross-sectional study using consecutive sampling technique was used to select a sample of 520 live birth neonates from both urban and rural districts. Data was collected from mothers’ using a structured interview questionnaire. The data were entered in to Epi-Info and analyzed on SPSS. Means and standard deviations of birth weight were calculated using the t-test. The chi-square (X2) test was computed to compare proportions of low birth weight with 95% Confidence Interval. Binary and multivariable logistic regression was used to identify the risk factors. Result: The prevalence of low birth weight was 9.9% and 6.3% in Axum and Laelay Maichew districts, respectively. In Axum district (Urban): low birth weight was associated with inadequate ANC service utilization [AOR=0.29, 95% CI:(0.12, 0.73)] and unwanted pregnancy [AOR=4.04, 95% CI:(1.17, 13.90)]. Sex of the neonate [AOR=6.08, 95% CI:(1.60, 23.07)] and pregnancy type [AOR=7.34, 95% CI:(2.050, 26.292)] were also significantly associated with low birth weight in Laelay Maichew district (rural). Conclusion and Recommendation: The prevalence of low birth weight was 9.9% and 6.3% in Axum and Laelay Maichew districts, respectively. The burden of low birth weight deliveries in these areas are associated with inadequate ANC service utilization, unwanted pregnancy and female sex of the neonate which deserve goal oriented prenatal care and choice based family planning service provision by the respective health facilities.},
     year = {2014}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Prevalence and Factors Associated with Low Birth Weight in Axum and Laelay Maichew Districts, North Ethiopia: A Comparative Cross Sectional Study
    AU  - Negassi Teklehaimanot
    AU  - Tesfay Hailu
    AU  - Huruy Assefa
    Y1  - 2014/11/17
    PY  - 2014
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijnfs.20140306.21
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20140306.21
    T2  - International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
    JF  - International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
    JO  - International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
    SP  - 560
    EP  - 566
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2327-2716
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijnfs.20140306.21
    AB  - Background: Weight at birth is a good indicator of the newborn’s chances for survival, growth, long-term health and psychosocial development. Low birth weight babies are significantly at risk of death, contributing to the high perinatal morbidity and mortality in Ethiopia. Therefore, the aimed of this study is to assess the prevalence and associated factors of Low Birth Weight in Axum and Laelay Maichew districts, Tigray, north Ethiopia. Method: An institution based comparative cross-sectional study using consecutive sampling technique was used to select a sample of 520 live birth neonates from both urban and rural districts. Data was collected from mothers’ using a structured interview questionnaire. The data were entered in to Epi-Info and analyzed on SPSS. Means and standard deviations of birth weight were calculated using the t-test. The chi-square (X2) test was computed to compare proportions of low birth weight with 95% Confidence Interval. Binary and multivariable logistic regression was used to identify the risk factors. Result: The prevalence of low birth weight was 9.9% and 6.3% in Axum and Laelay Maichew districts, respectively. In Axum district (Urban): low birth weight was associated with inadequate ANC service utilization [AOR=0.29, 95% CI:(0.12, 0.73)] and unwanted pregnancy [AOR=4.04, 95% CI:(1.17, 13.90)]. Sex of the neonate [AOR=6.08, 95% CI:(1.60, 23.07)] and pregnancy type [AOR=7.34, 95% CI:(2.050, 26.292)] were also significantly associated with low birth weight in Laelay Maichew district (rural). Conclusion and Recommendation: The prevalence of low birth weight was 9.9% and 6.3% in Axum and Laelay Maichew districts, respectively. The burden of low birth weight deliveries in these areas are associated with inadequate ANC service utilization, unwanted pregnancy and female sex of the neonate which deserve goal oriented prenatal care and choice based family planning service provision by the respective health facilities.
    VL  - 3
    IS  - 6
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Tigray Health Bureau, PO. Box, 07 Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia

  • Department of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Mekelle University, PO. Box, 1871 Mekelle, Ethiopia

  • Department of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Mekelle University, PO. Box, 1871 Mekelle, Ethiopia

  • Section