International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences

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Fatty Acids and Tocopherols Contents of Cameroon Oil Palm from Three Varieties of Elaeis guinensis jack

Received: 25 January 2016    Accepted: 8 February 2016    Published: 25 February 2016
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Abstract

This study aimed at evaluating fatty acids and tocopherol contents of oil palm extracted from fruits of three varieties of Elaeis guinensis jacq namely Tenera, Dura and Pisifera. Oil was extracted from mesocarp of cooked palm nuts using continuous device of soxhlet. Fatty acids contents were determined by gas chromatography of methyl esters and tocopherols were measured through High Pressure Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). Results showed that unsaturated fatty acids contents was more than 52% in crude oils from the first cycle palm oil and decrease significantly (P˂ 0, 05) in Dura second cycle oil. Changes occurred in fatty acids profile of Tenera and Dura. Ratio of polyunsaturated fatty acids over saturated fatty acids was higher in Pisifera (0.40). Total tocopherol contents of palm oil were more than 738 mg/Kg but decreased when passing from first to second cycle of the different varieties. Gamma-tocopherol was the most abundant isomer.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20160501.20
Published in International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences (Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2016)
Page(s) 68-71
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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Palm Oil, Selection, Fatty Acids, Tocopherol

References
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    Ndomou Mathieu, Kotué Taptue Charles, Ngando Ebongue Georges Frank, Ngogang Yonkeu Jeanne. (2016). Fatty Acids and Tocopherols Contents of Cameroon Oil Palm from Three Varieties of Elaeis guinensis jack. International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences, 5(1), 68-71. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijnfs.20160501.20

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    ACS Style

    Ndomou Mathieu; Kotué Taptue Charles; Ngando Ebongue Georges Frank; Ngogang Yonkeu Jeanne. Fatty Acids and Tocopherols Contents of Cameroon Oil Palm from Three Varieties of Elaeis guinensis jack. Int. J. Nutr. Food Sci. 2016, 5(1), 68-71. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20160501.20

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    AMA Style

    Ndomou Mathieu, Kotué Taptue Charles, Ngando Ebongue Georges Frank, Ngogang Yonkeu Jeanne. Fatty Acids and Tocopherols Contents of Cameroon Oil Palm from Three Varieties of Elaeis guinensis jack. Int J Nutr Food Sci. 2016;5(1):68-71. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20160501.20

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijnfs.20160501.20,
      author = {Ndomou Mathieu and Kotué Taptue Charles and Ngando Ebongue Georges Frank and Ngogang Yonkeu Jeanne},
      title = {Fatty Acids and Tocopherols Contents of Cameroon Oil Palm from Three Varieties of Elaeis guinensis jack},
      journal = {International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences},
      volume = {5},
      number = {1},
      pages = {68-71},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijnfs.20160501.20},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijnfs.20160501.20},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijnfs.20160501.20},
      abstract = {This study aimed at evaluating fatty acids and tocopherol contents of oil palm extracted from fruits of three varieties of Elaeis guinensis jacq namely Tenera, Dura and Pisifera. Oil was extracted from mesocarp of cooked palm nuts using continuous device of soxhlet. Fatty acids contents were determined by gas chromatography of methyl esters and tocopherols were measured through High Pressure Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). Results showed that unsaturated fatty acids contents was more than 52% in crude oils from the first cycle palm oil and decrease significantly (P˂ 0, 05) in Dura second cycle oil. Changes occurred in fatty acids profile of Tenera and Dura. Ratio of polyunsaturated fatty acids over saturated fatty acids was higher in Pisifera (0.40). Total tocopherol contents of palm oil were more than 738 mg/Kg but decreased when passing from first to second cycle of the different varieties. Gamma-tocopherol was the most abundant isomer.},
     year = {2016}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Fatty Acids and Tocopherols Contents of Cameroon Oil Palm from Three Varieties of Elaeis guinensis jack
    AU  - Ndomou Mathieu
    AU  - Kotué Taptue Charles
    AU  - Ngando Ebongue Georges Frank
    AU  - Ngogang Yonkeu Jeanne
    Y1  - 2016/02/25
    PY  - 2016
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijnfs.20160501.20
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20160501.20
    T2  - International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
    JF  - International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
    JO  - International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
    SP  - 68
    EP  - 71
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2327-2716
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijnfs.20160501.20
    AB  - This study aimed at evaluating fatty acids and tocopherol contents of oil palm extracted from fruits of three varieties of Elaeis guinensis jacq namely Tenera, Dura and Pisifera. Oil was extracted from mesocarp of cooked palm nuts using continuous device of soxhlet. Fatty acids contents were determined by gas chromatography of methyl esters and tocopherols were measured through High Pressure Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). Results showed that unsaturated fatty acids contents was more than 52% in crude oils from the first cycle palm oil and decrease significantly (P˂ 0, 05) in Dura second cycle oil. Changes occurred in fatty acids profile of Tenera and Dura. Ratio of polyunsaturated fatty acids over saturated fatty acids was higher in Pisifera (0.40). Total tocopherol contents of palm oil were more than 738 mg/Kg but decreased when passing from first to second cycle of the different varieties. Gamma-tocopherol was the most abundant isomer.
    VL  - 5
    IS  - 1
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon

  • Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon

  • Specialised Center for Research on Palm Oil, Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD) of Dibamba, Dibamba, Cameroon

  • Department of Physiological and Biochemical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde I, Yaoundé, Cameroon

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