Journal of Plant Sciences

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Essential Oils: Magical Ingredients for Skin Care

It is a natural tendency of human to look them attractive and younger. For this purpose, they largely depend on several skin care products including herbal as well as chemical ones. But chemical ones have a variety of side effects which are not acceptable to beauty conscious people. That’s why, they are highly intended to use herbal ingredients as these are perfectly safe. Nowadays, essential oils are the most popular ingredients used for daily skin care activities. They have become good alternative and complementary therapies with mainstream cosmetic products and have gained the momentum. Essential oils (EOs) are mainly the volatile aromatic compounds of herbs and spices and these oils are generally extracted from the flowers, barks, seeds, stem, leaves, roots, fruits and other parts of the plant. Nowadays, essential oils are being randomly incorporated in variety of skin care products for their different biological activities such as antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and antioxidative properties and hence protect skin from environmental damages and help to cure certain skin ailments for keeping skin youthful, healthy, fresh. This review paper focuses on some essential oils which have extreme skin benefits and play a great role to deliver a beautiful as well as charming skin.

Essential Oil, Herbs, Skin Care, Magical Ingredients, Anti-inflammatory, Anti-oxidant

APA Style

Afroza Akter Happy, Ferdoushi Jahan, Md. Abdul Momen. (2021). Essential Oils: Magical Ingredients for Skin Care. Journal of Plant Sciences, 9(2), 54-64. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jps.20210902.14

ACS Style

Afroza Akter Happy; Ferdoushi Jahan; Md. Abdul Momen. Essential Oils: Magical Ingredients for Skin Care. J. Plant Sci. 2021, 9(2), 54-64. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20210902.14

AMA Style

Afroza Akter Happy, Ferdoushi Jahan, Md. Abdul Momen. Essential Oils: Magical Ingredients for Skin Care. J Plant Sci. 2021;9(2):54-64. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20210902.14

Copyright © 2021 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Kapoor VP. Herbal cosmetics for skin and hair care. Nat Prod Radiance 2005; 4: 306-14.
2. Gediya SK, Mistry RB, Patel UK, Blessy M, Jain HN. Herbal plants: Used as a cosmetics. J Nat Prod Plant Resour 2011; 1: 24-32.
3. Valerón-Almazán, P., Gómez-Duaso, A. J., Santana-Molina, N., García-Bello, M. A. and Carretero, G., 2015. Evolution of Post-Surgical Scars Treated with Pure Rosehip Seed Oil. Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications, 5 (02), p. 161.
4. Phetcharat, L., Wongsuphasawat, K. and Winther, K., 2015. The effectiveness of a standardized rose hip powder, containing seeds and shells of Rosa canina, on cell longevity, skin wrinkles, moisture, and elasticity. Clinical interventions in aging, 10, p. 1849.
5. Lin, T. K., Zhong, L. and Santiago, J. L., 2018. Anti-inflammatory and skin barrier repair effects of topical application of some plant oils. International journal of molecular sciences, 19 (1), p. 70.
6. Ksouri, A., Dob, T., Belkebir, A., Krimat, S. and Chelghoum, C., 2015. Chemical composition and antioxidant activity of the essential oil and the methanol extract of Algerian wild carrot Daucus carota L. ssp. carota. (L.) Thell. J Mater Environ Sci, 6 (3), pp. 784-91.
7. Singh, S., Lohani, A., Mishra, A. K. and Verma, A., 2019. Formulation and evaluation of carrot seed oil-based cosmetic emulsions. Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy, 21 (2), pp. 99-107.
8. Hamidpour, R., Hamidpour, S., Hamidpour, M. and Shahlari, M., 2013. Frankincense (乳香 Rǔ Xiāng; Boswellia species): from the selection of traditional applications to the novel phytotherapy for the prevention and treatment of serious diseases. Journal of traditional and complementary medicine, 3 (4), pp. 221-226.
9. Mikhaeil, B. R., Maatooq, G. T., Badria, F. A. and Amer, M. M., 2003. Chemistry and immunomodulatory activity of frankincense oil. Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C, 58 (3-4), pp. 230-238.
10. Boukhatem, M. N., Kameli, A., Ferhat, M. A., Saidi, F. and Mekarnia, M., 2013. Rose geranium essential oil as a source of new and safe anti-inflammatory drugs. Libyan Journal of Medicine, 8 (1).
11. Orchard, A. and van Vuuren, S., 2017. Commercial essential oils as potential antimicrobials to treat skin diseases. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2017.
12. Sinha, P., Srivastava, S., Mishra, N. and Yadav, N. P., 2014. New perspectives on antiacne plant drugs: contribution to modern therapeutics. BioMed research international, 2014.
13. Cardia, G. F. E., Silva-Filho, S. E., Silva, E. L., Uchida, N. S., Cavalcante, H. A. O., Cassarotti, L. L., Salvadego, V. E. C., Spironello, R. A., Bersani-Amado, C. A. and Cuman, R. K. N., 2018. Effect of lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) essential oil on acute inflammatory response. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2018.
14. Mori, H. M., Kawanami, H., Kawahata, H. and Aoki, M., 2016. Wound healing potential of lavender oil by acceleration of granulation and wound contraction through induction of TGF-β in a rat model. BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 16 (1), p. 144.
15. Hancianu, M., Cioanca, O., Mihasan, M. and Hritcu, L., 2013. Neuroprotective effects of inhaled lavender oil on scopolamine-induced dementia via anti-oxidative activities in rats. Phytomedicine, 20 (5), pp. 446-452.
16. Marín, I., Sayas-Barberá, E., Viuda-Martos, M., Navarro, C. and Sendra, E., 2016. Chemical composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of essential oils from organic fennel, parsley, and lavender from Spain. Foods, 5 (1), p. 18.
17. Ao, Y., Satoh, K., Shibano, K., Kawahito, Y. and Shioda, S., 2008. Singlet oxygen scavenging activity and cytotoxicity of essential oils from rutaceae. Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition, 43 (1), pp. 6-12.
18. Ashry, K. M., El-Sayed, Y. S., Khamiss, R. M. and El-Ashmawy, I. M., 2010. Oxidative stress and immunotoxic effects of lead and their amelioration with myrrh (Commiphora molmol) emulsion. Food and Chemical toxicology, 48 (1), pp. 236-241.
19. Haffor, A. S. A., 2010. Effect of myrrh (Commiphora molmol) on leukocyte levels before and during healing from gastric ulcer or skin injury. Journal of immunotoxicology, 7 (1), pp. 68-75.
20. Carson, C. F., Hammer, K. A. and Riley, T. V., 2006. Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil: a review of antimicrobial and other medicinal properties. Clinical microbiology reviews, 19 (1), pp. 50-62.
21. Hammer, K. A., 2015. Treatment of acne with tea tree oil (melaleuca) products: a review of efficacy, tolerability and potential modes of action. International journal of antimicrobial agents, 45 (2), pp. 106-110.
22. Boskabady, M. H., Shafei, M. N., Saberi, Z. and Amini, S., 2011. Pharmacological effects of Rosa damascena. Iranian journal of basic medical sciences, 14 (4), p. 295.
23. Fukada, M., Kano, E., Miyoshi, M., Komaki, R. and Watanabe, T., 2012. Effect of “rose essential oil” inhalation on stress-induced skin-barrier disruption in rats and humans. Chemical senses, 37 (4), pp. 347-356.
24. Mohebitabar, S., Shirazi, M., Bioos, S., Rahimi, R., Malekshahi, F. and Nejatbakhsh, F., 2017. Therapeutic efficacy of rose oil: A comprehensive review of clinical evidence. Avicenna journal of phytomedicine, 7 (3), p. 206.
25. Liang, J. L., Wu, J. Z., Liu, Y. H., Zhang, Z. B., Wu, Q. D., Chen, H. B., Huang, Y. F., Dou, Y. X., Zhou, J. T., Su, Z. R. and Zhan, J. Y. X., 2017. Patchoulene epoxide isolated from patchouli oil suppresses acute inflammation through inhibition of NF-κB and downregulation of COX-2/iNOS. Mediators of Inflammation, 2017.
26. Lin, R. F., Feng, X. X., Li, C. W., Zhang, X. J., Yu, X. T., Zhou, J. Y., Zhang, X., Xie, Y. L., Su, Z. R. and Zhan, J. Y. X., 2014. Prevention of UV radiation-induced cutaneous photoaging in mice by topical administration of patchouli oil. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 154 (2), pp. 408-418.
27. Tan, L. T. H., Lee, L. H., Yin, W. F., Chan, C. K., Abdul Kadir, H., Chan, K. G. and Goh, B. H., 2015. Traditional uses, phytochemistry, and bioactivities of Cananga odorata (Ylang-Ylang). Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2015.
28. Gülçin, I., UĞUZ, M. T., Oktay, M., Beydemir, Ş. and KÜFREVİOĞLU, Ö. İ., 2004. Evaluation of the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of clary sage (Salvia sclarea L.). Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 28 (1), pp. 25-33.
29. Pop, A., Tofană, M., Socaci, S. A., Pop, C., Rotar, A. M. and Salantă, L., 2016. Determination of antioxidant capacity and antimicrobial activity of selected Salvia species. Bull. UASVM Food Sci. Technol, 73, pp. 14-18.
30. Poljšak, B. and Dahmane, R., 2012. Free radicals and extrinsic skin aging. Dermatology research and practice, 2012.
31. Rašković, A., Milanović, I., Pavlović, N., Ćebović, T., Vukmirović, S. and Mikov, M., 2014. Antioxidant activity of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) essential oil and its hepatoprotective potential. BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 14 (1), p. 225.
32. Dwivedi, C. and Abu-Ghazaleh, A., 1997. Chemopreventive effects of sandalwood oil on skin papillomas in mice. European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP), 6 (4), pp. 399-401.
33. Sharma, M., Levenson, C., Browning, J. C., Becker, E. M., Clements, I., Castella, P. and Cox, M. E., 2018. East Indian sandalwood oil is a phosphodiesterase inhibitor: A new therapeutic option in the treatment of inflammatory skin disease. Frontiers in Pharmacology, 9, p. 200.
34. Hsouna, A. B., Halima, N. B., Smaoui, S. and Hamdi, N., 2017. Citrus lemon essential oil: chemical composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities with its preservative effect against Listeria monocytogenes inoculated in minced beef meat. Lipids in health and disease, 16 (1), p. 146.
35. Calabrese, V., Scapagnini, G., Randazzo, S. D., Randazzo, G., Catalano, C., Geraci, G. and Morganti, P., 1999. Oxidative stress and antioxidants at skin biosurface: a novel antioxidant from lemon oil capable of inhibiting oxidative damage to the skin. Drugs under experimental and clinical research, 25 (6), pp. 281-287.
36. Maurya, A. K., Mohanty, S., Pal, A., Chanotiya, C. S. and Bawankule, D. U., 2018. The essential oil from Citrus limetta Risso peels alleviates skin inflammation: In-vitro and in-vivo study. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 212, pp. 86-94.
37. Zarfeshany, A., Asgary, S. and Javanmard, S. H., 2014. Potent health effects of pomegranate. Advanced biomedical research, 3.
38. Appendino, G., Ottino, M., Marquez, N., Bianchi, F., Giana, A., Ballero, M., Sterner, O., Fiebich, B. L. and Munoz, E., 2007. Arzanol, an anti-inflammatory and anti-HIV-1 phloroglucinol α-pyrone from Helichrysum italicum ssp. microphyllum. Journal of natural products, 70 (4), pp. 608-612.
39. Popoola, O. K., Marnewick, J. L., Rautenbach, F., Ameer, F., Iwuoha, E. I. and Hussein, A. A., 2015. Inhibition of oxidative stress and skin aging-related enzymes by prenylated chalcones and other flavonoids from Helichrysum teretifolium. Molecules, 20 (4), pp. 7143-7155.
40. Stea, S., Beraudi, A. and De Pasquale, D., 2014. Essential oils for complementary treatment of surgical patients: state of the art. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2014.
41. Leelapornpisid, P., Wickett, R. R., Chansakaow, S. and Wongwattananukul, N., 2015. Potential of native Thai aromatic plant extracts in antiwrinkle body creams. Journal of cosmetic science, 66 (4), pp. 219-231
42. Elsaie, L. T., El Mohsen, A. M., Ibrahim, I. M., Mohey-Eddin, M. H. and Elsaie, M. L., 2016. Effectiveness of topical peppermint oil on symptomatic treatment of chronic pruritus. Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology, 9, p. 333.
43. Wright, S., 1991. Essential fatty acids and the skin. British Journal of Dermatology, 125 (6), pp. 503-515.
44. Tollesson, A. and Frithz, A., 1993. Transepidermal water loss and water content in the stratum corneum in infantile seborrhoeic dermatitis. Acta dermato-venereologica, 73 (1), p. 18.
45. Korać, R. R. and Khambholja, K. M., 2011. Potential of herbs in skin protection from ultraviolet radiation. Pharmacognosy reviews, 5 (10), p. 164.
46. Li, K., Yang, W., Li, Z., Jia, W., Li, J., Zhang, P. and Xiao, T., 2016. Bitter apricot essential oil induces apoptosis of human HaCaT keratinocytes. International immunopharmacology, 34, pp. 189-198.
47. Kumar, K. K., Sasikanth, K., Sabareesh, M. and Dorababu, N., 2011. Formulation and evaluation of diacerein cream. Asian J Pharm Clin Res, 4 (2), pp. 93-98.
48. Srivilai, J., Phimnuan, P., Jaisabai, J., Luangtoomma, N., Waranuch, N., Khorana, N., Wisuitiprot, W., Scholfield, C. N., Champachaisri, K. and Ingkaninan, K., 2017. Curcuma aeruginosa Roxb. essential oil slows hair-growth and lightens skin in axillae; a randomised, double blinded trial. Phytomedicine, 25, pp. 29-38.
49. Sarafian, G., Afshar, M., Mansouri, P., Asgarpanah, J., Raoufinejad, K. and Rajabi, M., 2015. Topical turmeric microemulgel in the management of plaque psoriasis; a clinical evaluation. Iranian journal of pharmaceutical research: IJPR, 14 (3), p. 865.
50. Kumar, V. S. and Navaratnam, V., 2013. Neem (Azadirachta indica): Prehistory to contemporary medicinal uses to humankind. Asian Pacific journal of tropical biomedicine, 3 (7), pp. 505-514.
51. Kaushik, N. and Vir, S., 2000. Variations in fatty acid composition of neem seeds collected from the Rajasthan state of India.
52. Berbis, P., Hesse, S. and Privat, Y., 1990. Essential fatty acids and the skin. Allergie et immunologie, 22 (6), p. 225.
53. Ngo, H. T., Hwang, E., Seo, S. A., Park, B., Sun, Z. W., Zhang, M., Shin, Y. K. and Yi, T. H., 2017. Topical application of neem leaves prevents wrinkles formation in UVB-exposed hairless mice. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, 169, pp. 161-170.
54. Okoh, S. O., Okoh, O. O. and Okoh, A. I., 2019. Inhibitory effects of Azadirachta indica secondary metabolites formulated cosmetics on some infectious pathogens and oxidative stress radicals. BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 19 (1), p. 123.
55. Hashmat, I., Azad, H. and Ahmed, A., 2012. Neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss)-A nature’s drugstore: an overview. Int Res J Biol Sci, 1 (6), pp. 76-79.