American Journal of Life Sciences

Special Issue

Environmental Toxicology

  • Submission Deadline: 30 March 2017
  • Status: Submission Closed
  • Lead Guest Editor: Zorawar Singh
About This Special Issue
Environmental Toxicology deals with the adverse effects of chemicals present in nature on the health of animals including humans. Understanding the mechanisms of toxicity and analyzing the data of toxins for risk estimation will help to improve the working methods and lifestyles of humans. Chemicals and metals having considerable toxic effects should be checked for their toxicity on different animal models. With an international scope, the aim of the American Journal of Life Sciences is to timely publish scholarly articles with rigorous reviewing procedures. This special issue on ‘Environmental Toxicology’ invites original research papers that comprehensively cover studies on functional and structural aspects in environmental toxicology. The principal aim of this special issue is to provide a platform to all the toxicologists to share their experimental designs and newest scientific advancements in the field of toxicology. This issue will cover all the diverse chemical hazards encountered in the natural environment and occupational setups. It will help to understand the practical aspects of these hazards in a better way.

In addition to original research papers, detailed in-depth reviews and mini-reviews are also invited on different aspects of experimental toxicology.

Aims and Scope
Contributions in the form of original research papers, detailed reviews or mini-reviews are invited in the following specialized fields:
1. Toxins
2. Environmental Toxicology
3. Animal toxicology
4. Human toxicology
5. Experimental toxicology
Lead Guest Editor
  • Zorawar Singh

    Department of Zoology, Khalsa College, Amritsar, India

Guest Editors
  • Pinki Chowdhury

    Department of Internal Medicine (Hem-Onc), University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, United States

  • Imran Shahid

    Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

  • Mohamed Ghorab

    National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries (NIOF), Central Laboratories Unit, Lansing, United States

  • K. Indrakaran

    Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, University Putra Malaysia; Environmental Health Department at Sepang Municipal Council, Selangor, Malaysia

  • Pramjit Singh

    Department for the School of UG studies, SEGi University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

  • J.K. Randhawa

    Department of Zoology, Khalsa College, Amritsar, India

  • V.K. Garg

    Center for Environmental Science and Technology, Central University of Punjab, Bathinda, India

  • Bishwambhar Mishra

    Department of Biotechnology, Sreenidhi Institute of Science and Technology, Hyderabad, India

  • Swarndeep Singh Hundal

    Department of Zoology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India

  • Suman Sharma

    Department of Zoology and Environmental Sciences, Punjabi University, Patiala, India

  • Pooja Chadha

    Department of Zoology, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, India

Published Articles
  • Influence of Land-Use Pattern on Ureje Reservoir, Ado-Ekiti, Southwestern Nigeria

    Edward Josephine Bolaji , Agunbiade R. O. , Falade J.

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 3-1, May 2017
    Pages: 81-89
    Received: 24 March 2017
    Accepted: 6 April 2017
    Published: 9 June 2017
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajls.s.2017050301.22
    Abstract: An investigation was conducted between November 2012 to May 2013 to assess the impact of land use patterns around Ureje Reservoir, located in Ado-Ekiti metropolis, Ekiti State, Southwestern part of Nigeria, on the water quality of the reservoir. Standard methods of APHA (1998) was used to determine the physicochemical parameters of water samples co... Show More
  • Electronic Waste Management: Toxicity and Emerging Challenges in Indian Context

    Deepak Devgan , Candy Rampal

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 3-1, May 2017
    Pages: 67-70
    Received: 10 April 2017
    Accepted: 11 April 2017
    Published: 27 April 2017
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajls.s.2017050301.20
    Abstract: E-waste is posing a serious threat to the life of human being. The rate of emission of toxic pollutants from e-wastes is increasing at alarming rate. Despite the danger signals raised by various research bodies throughout the world, the governments across the globe have failed to handle this emerging issue efficiently. Where, import of used electro... Show More
  • Biochemical and Histological Effects of Glyphosate on the Liver of Cyprinus carpio (Linn.)

    V. Bawa , J. K. Kondal , S. S. Hundal , Harpinder Kaur

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 3-1, May 2017
    Pages: 71-80
    Received: 10 April 2017
    Accepted: 11 April 2017
    Published: 27 April 2017
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajls.s.2017050301.21
    Abstract: Glyphosate is an active ingredient of Roundup®, a herbicide which is extensively used for agricultural applications and control of vegetation in non-crop areas often leading to its runoff from sites of application into water bodies posing serious threat to non-target species including fish. The present investigation was undertaken to evaluate the b... Show More
  • Sensitivity Factors and Human Pathology Related to Infections of Producing Escherichia Coli of Shiga-Toxin

    Saїd Oulkheir , Khadija Ounine , Mohamed Aghrouch , Smail Chadli

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 3-1, May 2017
    Pages: 60-66
    Received: 28 November 2016
    Accepted: 11 January 2017
    Published: 15 April 2017
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajls.s.2017050301.19
    Abstract: Escherichia coli O157: H7 is the main serotype E. coli responsible for disease in humans. STEC strains (Shiga-toxin-producing E. coli) are all strains with genes encoding Stx toxin cytotoxic for Vero cell cultures (kidney cell of African green monkey), hence the name "verotoxin"also called"Shiga toxin"because of its great similarity to a toxin prod... Show More
  • Health Hazards, Safety Risks and Security Threats Posed by Olusosun Dumpsite on Olusosun Community at Ojota, Lagos, Nigeria

    Alani Rose , Abdulfatai Mustapha , Ogbe Rachael , Akinade Bayo

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 3-1, May 2017
    Pages: 43-51
    Received: 6 January 2017
    Accepted: 10 February 2017
    Published: 11 April 2017
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajls.s.2017050301.17
    Abstract: The intensity of man’s activities through rapid urbanization and industrialization contributes largely to increasing discharge of wastes into the environment. Such is the case with the 42 hectare dumpsite situated at Ojota in the heart of Lagos. Olusosun dumpsite is the biggest repository of waste in the most populous city in sub-Saharan Africa, re... Show More
  • Earthworm Biomass as Additional Information for Risk Assessment of PCBs: A Case Study of Olusosun Dumpsite, Ojota, Lagos, Nigeria

    Alani Rose , Akinsanya B. , Erhabor-Chimezie M. , Nwude D.

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 3-1, May 2017
    Pages: 52-59
    Received: 6 January 2017
    Accepted: 10 February 2017
    Published: 11 April 2017
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajls.s.2017050301.18
    Abstract: This study assessed the level of Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) concentrations and the biochemical parameters in earthworms (E. eugeniae) as well as histopathological effects in the clitellium of earthworms (E. eugeniae) present in Olusosun dumpsite which is the largest dumpsite in Lagos and University of Lagos, a major higher institution located... Show More
  • Feasibility Studies of Soil Remediation for Kenya

    Sammy Koskei , Yuanyuan Cheng , Wei-lin Shi

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 3-1, May 2017
    Pages: 36-42
    Received: 15 February 2017
    Accepted: 21 February 2017
    Published: 6 March 2017
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajls.s.2017050301.16
    Abstract: Soil remediation technologies have been developed to remediate the contaminated soil. There are several types which categorized into physical/chemical, biological and thermal methods. Physical/chemical method involves physical removal and uses of chemical to destroy, separate, or contain the contaminations, biological method uses plants and some mi... Show More
  • Effect of Salinity on Feed Conversion Rate, Feed Conversion Efficiency, Protein Intake and Efficiency of Protein Utilization Ratio in Common Carp Cyprinus Carpio

    Mohammed Shaker Al_Khshali

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 3-1, May 2017
    Pages: 30-35
    Received: 15 October 2016
    Accepted: 1 December 2016
    Published: 6 March 2017
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajls.s.2017050301.15
    Abstract: This study was conducted to investigate the impact of increased salinity on some growth parameters of common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Fish, gradually have been exposed to the salt concentrations of 5, 10 and 15g/L, as well as tap water (control treatment of 0.1 g/L) for 84 days divided on 12 weeks, and each of salt concentration represented independ... Show More
  • Isolation of Coprophilous Mycoflora from Different Dung Types in Some Local Government Areas of Niger State, Nigeria

    Mohammed N. , Shinkafi S. A. , Enagi M. Y.

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 3-1, May 2017
    Pages: 24-29
    Received: 19 January 2017
    Accepted: 9 February 2017
    Published: 28 February 2017
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajls.s.2017050301.14
    Abstract: This study investigated coprophilous mycoflora on different dung types in some Area of Niger State. Dung samples of four herbivorous animals (Camel, Cow, Donkey and Horse) were collected from three areas (Enagi, Lapai and New Bussa) in Niger State, Nigeria. The dungs were dried in the Department of Biological Sciences Laboratory, Ibrahim Badamasi B... Show More
  • Effect of the Combination Between Bioagents and Benzothiadiazole (BTH) on Management of Uromyces Pisi the Causal of Pea Rust

    Zyton Marwa A. , Eman O. Hassan

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 3-1, May 2017
    Pages: 15-23
    Received: 29 October 2016
    Accepted: 23 November 2016
    Published: 14 February 2017
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajls.s.2017050301.13
    Abstract: Antagonistic bioagents naturally occurring on pea leaves free from rust infection were isolated and evaluated for their antagonism against Uromyces pisi, the causal of rust. Isolates of both Bacillus spp., i.e. Bacillus chitinosporus, B. megaterium, B. thuringiensis and B. subtilis and Trichoderma spp., i.e. Trichoderma album, T. hamatum, T. harzia... Show More
  • Global Climate Change: The Present Scenario

    Fulwinder Pal Singh

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 3-1, May 2017
    Pages: 10-14
    Received: 16 December 2016
    Accepted: 22 December 2016
    Published: 20 January 2017
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajls.s.2017050301.12
    Abstract: The term climate change is growing in preferred use to ‘Global warming’ because it helps to convey that there are other changes in addition to rising temperature. Climate change refers to any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). Climate change may ... Show More
  • Toxicity of Graphene Based Nanomaterials Towards Different Bacterial Strains: A Comprehensive Review

    Zorawar Singh , Rumina Singh

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 3-1, May 2017
    Pages: 1-9
    Received: 5 August 2016
    Accepted: 8 August 2016
    Published: 22 November 2016
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajls.s.2017050301.11
    Abstract: Nanomaterials including graphene and its derivatives have attained immense popularity among scientific community due to their unique properties. Graphene (G), graphene oxide (GO), reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and their nano-composites have shown to possess enormous potential in the field of nanomedicines. Graphene family nanomaterials (GFNs) have e... Show More