Science Innovation

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Six Arts as Ancient Curriculum of China

The purpose of this study is to find out the Six Arts as Ancient Curriculum of China and its Origin and contents of education, and the educational implications. Six Arts of Ancient Curriculum had a long history which became systematized in the Zhou Dynasty of ChengKang and collapsed in the end of the Qing Dynasty. After thousands of years, it had an effect on china and neighboring countries. It is made up of both knowledge and training to build a harmonious relationship between objects and humans. Li(礼) is a method to prescribe bar mitzvah, wedding, funeral and sacrifice, and refers to practice for establishing a personal relationship with others. Yue(乐) involves music, dance, and poetry, which harmonizes body and mind based on the sense of the relationship between the melodies of music. Li and Yue became ‘system of rites and music’ which was effected on east area. She(射) as Archery, using bow and arrow, is a martial art that focuses on one’s whole body. it isn’t categorized as a physical training but Archery Manner. It was a way to select talents and observe virtue. Yu(御) is an impossible art when a rider fails to communicate with the horse that the rider’s riding on, where there’s no enemy in riding a horse. It united with Li and Yue which is also formed as Carriage Manners later. Shu(书)is writing. It is the primary tool for cultivating talented people through writing and learning letters. Shu(数)is Mathematics. It is a tool of recognition and practice that is used in each direction in real life by law of number and quantity.

Six Arts, Li(礼), Yue(乐), She(射), Yu(御), Shu(书), Shu(数)

Liu Mingyue, An Gyeong-sik. (2017). Six Arts as Ancient Curriculum of China. Science Innovation, 5(6), 398-402.

Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. 《周礼》
2. 《礼记》
3. 《论语》
4. 《竹书纪年》
5. 《墨子》
6. 《左传》
7. 《孟子》
8. 《荀子》
9. 《吕氏春秋》
10. 《说文解字》
11. 《史记》
12. 《朱子集注》
13. 吕友仁.周礼译注[M].郑州:中州古籍出版社,2004:241
14. 百度百科-河南舞阳贾湖遗址
15. 百度百科-山西峙峪遗址
16. 百度百科-贾湖契刻符号
17. 孙培青《中国敎育史》,(华东师范大学出版社,2009)pp19-24
18. 朱骏声说文通训定声[M].北京.中华书局,1986
19. 牛梦琪“六艺”教育的起源与发展[J](当代教育论坛)2006年第2期p42
20. 杨向东六艺中的乐、射、御与体育、美育[J]南开学报(哲学社会科学版)2002年第6期p98
21. 曾雪屏.基于“六艺”视角浅谈高等教育——“六艺”给当代高等教育的启示[J].高考,2017,(27):242-243