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Impact of Blast Furnace Slags as a Substitute Aggregate on the Strength of Hydraulic Concretes

Received: 24 March 2023    Accepted: 14 April 2023    Published: 8 September 2023
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Abstract

The blast furnace slag comes out of the blast furnace in liquid form at 1500°C. When cooled slowly, in the open air, the crystallized blast furnace slag is obtained. Its uses are generally the same as those of natural rocks. The purpose of this article is to measure the influence of the substitution of Diack basalt aggregates by blast furnace slags (FABRIMETAL slags) on the compressive strength of hydraulic concretes. For this two reference concrete mixtures were used. The first concrete mixture (concrete 1) is mixed with basalt of Diack only, and the second concrete mixture (concrete 5) is mixed with FABRIMETAL slags only. Then basalt substitutions by slags were performed on the concrete 1 at 10%, 25% and 50%. The results obtained showed that slags influence the strength of hydraulic concretes formulated with basalt of Diack by decreasing it. The 28-days compressive strength of concrete 1 drops from 28.8 MPa to 24.8 MPa for 10% substitution, 24.4 MPa for 25% substitution and 21.8 MPa for 50% substitution. However, given the low dispersion of the results obtained (Standard Deviation = 2.28), the substitution of basalt by slag is still possible provided that hydraulic concrete is optimized with additives or a slight cement overdose.

Published in Advances in Materials (Volume 12, Issue 3)
DOI 10.11648/j.am.20231203.12
Page(s) 39-44
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Slag, Basalt, Hydraulic Concrete

References
[1] Rabah Chaïd1, Abderrahim Bali, Raoul Jauberthie & Aïssa Talah (2012). Comportement d’un béton à hautes performances à base de laitier en milieu sulfatique. Revue des sciences et la technologie, Synthèse 24: pp. 91-99.
[2] Tahar Ali-Boucetta, Mourad Behim & Walid Laifa (2013). Valorisation du laitier granulé et de la poudre de verre dans les bétons autoplaçants (BAP). Revue des sciences et la technologie, Synthèse 27: pp. 30 – 39.
[3] Ahmed Hadj Sadok, Said Kenai, Mouhamed Hassane & Djamel Touil (2016). Résistance et durabilité des bétons au laitier de haut fourneau pour les ouvrages hydrauliques. Le Journal de l'eau et de l'environnement, Volume 16, Numéro 28, Pages 29-37.
[4] Abdoulaye Dia (1982). Contribution to the study of petrographic. petrochemical and geotechnical characteristics of the basaltic aggregates of the Cape Verde peninsula and Plateau Thiès (Career Diack - Senegal). 3rd cycle Doctoral Thesis. Fac. Sciences. UCAD. 181 pages.
[5] Makhaly Ba (2012) Mechanical behaviour under cyclic stresses of Bakel quartzitic aggregates - Comparison with reference materials from Senegal and America (USA). Dakar: Inedite PhD thesis University Cheikh Anta Diop.
[6] Centre Technique de Promotion des Laitiers Sidérurgiques (CTPL) (2004). Crystallized Blast Furnace Slag.
[7] Pierre Blazy & El Aid Jdid (1997). Calcination of Carbonate Gangue Sedimentary Phosphate in Akashat Rotary Furnace (Iraq) and Eclair Furnace (flash). Proceedings of the Académie des Sciences. vol. 325. no. 10. 1997. pp. 761-764.
[8] Médard Thiry. Sabine Huet-Taillanter & Jean-Michel Schmitt (2022). The industrial waste land of Mortagne-du-Nord (59) – I – Assesment. composition of the slags. hydrochemistry. hydrology and estimate of the outfluxes. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France (2002) 173 (4): 369–381. https://doi.org/10.2113/173.4.369
[9] Momar Guer & Pierre Rognon (1989). Homogénéité des caractères sédimentologiques des sables ogoliens entre Nouakchott (Mauritanie) et Mbour (Sénégal). Corpus ID: 130013651.
[10] Georges Dreux & Jean Festa (1998). New Guide to Concrete and its Constituents. 8th edition Eyrolles.
[11] Cimbéton (2015). Concrete and Marine Works. Factsheet T93.
[12] French Association for Standardization (1997). NF EN 933-1. Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates - Part 1: determination of particle size distribution - Sieving method. National standards and national normative documents.
[13] French Association for Standardization (2012). NF EN 933-3. Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates - Part 3: determination of particle shape - Flakiness index. National standards and national normative documents.
[14] French Association for Standardization (1979). NF P 18-554 Aggregates. Measurement of densities. porosity. absorption coefficient and water content of fine gravel and pebbles. National standards and national normative documents.
[15] French Association for Standardization (1992). NF P 98-250-1 Test relating to pavements. Preparation of bituminous mixtures. Part 1: mixing of a bitumen bound material in laboratory. National standards and national normative documents.
[16] French Association for Standardization (2011). EN 1097-1 Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates - Part 1: determination of the resistance to wear (micro-Deval). National standards and national normative documents.
[17] French Association for Standardization (2020). NF EN 1097-2 Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates - Part 2: methods for the determination of resistance to fragmentation. National standards and national normative documents.
[18] French Association for Standardization (2015). NF EN 933-8 Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates - Part 8: assessment of fines - Sand equivalent test. National standards and national normative documents.
[19] French Association for Standardization (2015). NF EN 12 390-3 Testing hardened concrete - Part 3: compressive strength of test specimens. National standards and national normative documents.
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    Mouhamed Lamine Cherif Aidara, Adama Dione, Alioune Badara Ndiaye. (2023). Impact of Blast Furnace Slags as a Substitute Aggregate on the Strength of Hydraulic Concretes. Advances in Materials, 12(3), 39-44. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.am.20231203.12

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    ACS Style

    Mouhamed Lamine Cherif Aidara; Adama Dione; Alioune Badara Ndiaye. Impact of Blast Furnace Slags as a Substitute Aggregate on the Strength of Hydraulic Concretes. Adv. Mater. 2023, 12(3), 39-44. doi: 10.11648/j.am.20231203.12

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    AMA Style

    Mouhamed Lamine Cherif Aidara, Adama Dione, Alioune Badara Ndiaye. Impact of Blast Furnace Slags as a Substitute Aggregate on the Strength of Hydraulic Concretes. Adv Mater. 2023;12(3):39-44. doi: 10.11648/j.am.20231203.12

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  • @article{10.11648/j.am.20231203.12,
      author = {Mouhamed Lamine Cherif Aidara and Adama Dione and Alioune Badara Ndiaye},
      title = {Impact of Blast Furnace Slags as a Substitute Aggregate on the Strength of Hydraulic Concretes},
      journal = {Advances in Materials},
      volume = {12},
      number = {3},
      pages = {39-44},
      doi = {10.11648/j.am.20231203.12},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.am.20231203.12},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.am.20231203.12},
      abstract = {The blast furnace slag comes out of the blast furnace in liquid form at 1500°C. When cooled slowly, in the open air, the crystallized blast furnace slag is obtained. Its uses are generally the same as those of natural rocks. The purpose of this article is to measure the influence of the substitution of Diack basalt aggregates by blast furnace slags (FABRIMETAL slags) on the compressive strength of hydraulic concretes. For this two reference concrete mixtures were used. The first concrete mixture (concrete 1) is mixed with basalt of Diack only, and the second concrete mixture (concrete 5) is mixed with FABRIMETAL slags only. Then basalt substitutions by slags were performed on the concrete 1 at 10%, 25% and 50%. The results obtained showed that slags influence the strength of hydraulic concretes formulated with basalt of Diack by decreasing it. The 28-days compressive strength of concrete 1 drops from 28.8 MPa to 24.8 MPa for 10% substitution, 24.4 MPa for 25% substitution and 21.8 MPa for 50% substitution. However, given the low dispersion of the results obtained (Standard Deviation = 2.28), the substitution of basalt by slag is still possible provided that hydraulic concrete is optimized with additives or a slight cement overdose.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Impact of Blast Furnace Slags as a Substitute Aggregate on the Strength of Hydraulic Concretes
    AU  - Mouhamed Lamine Cherif Aidara
    AU  - Adama Dione
    AU  - Alioune Badara Ndiaye
    Y1  - 2023/09/08
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.am.20231203.12
    DO  - 10.11648/j.am.20231203.12
    T2  - Advances in Materials
    JF  - Advances in Materials
    JO  - Advances in Materials
    SP  - 39
    EP  - 44
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2327-252X
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.am.20231203.12
    AB  - The blast furnace slag comes out of the blast furnace in liquid form at 1500°C. When cooled slowly, in the open air, the crystallized blast furnace slag is obtained. Its uses are generally the same as those of natural rocks. The purpose of this article is to measure the influence of the substitution of Diack basalt aggregates by blast furnace slags (FABRIMETAL slags) on the compressive strength of hydraulic concretes. For this two reference concrete mixtures were used. The first concrete mixture (concrete 1) is mixed with basalt of Diack only, and the second concrete mixture (concrete 5) is mixed with FABRIMETAL slags only. Then basalt substitutions by slags were performed on the concrete 1 at 10%, 25% and 50%. The results obtained showed that slags influence the strength of hydraulic concretes formulated with basalt of Diack by decreasing it. The 28-days compressive strength of concrete 1 drops from 28.8 MPa to 24.8 MPa for 10% substitution, 24.4 MPa for 25% substitution and 21.8 MPa for 50% substitution. However, given the low dispersion of the results obtained (Standard Deviation = 2.28), the substitution of basalt by slag is still possible provided that hydraulic concrete is optimized with additives or a slight cement overdose.
    VL  - 12
    IS  - 3
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Geology, Faculty of Sciences and Technics, University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal

  • Department of Geology, Faculty of Sciences and Technics, University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal;National School of Mines and Geology ex Institute Earth Sciences, Dakar, Senegal

  • Department of Geology, Faculty of Sciences and Technics, University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal

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