International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis

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Environmental Impact Assessment of Soil Pollution in Industrial Zones

Received: Oct. 16, 2020    Accepted: Nov. 11, 2020    Published: Nov. 23, 2020
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Abstract

The study area is the city of Mosul, which is located in the north-western part of Iraq and study aims to determine the level of heavy metal contamination in the main industrial areas of Mosul City, northern Iraq, where 12 samples collected Only soil samples had been collected with depth (0-15) cm by using a homemade soil sampler in industrial zone. Samples was carried in January 2019. First of all, samples were air-dried in natural condition, and the debris of animals and plants had been cleaning by hands. Samples grind and pass through a sieve (2mm), so they ready to measure. and analyzed from the industrial soil areas (6 samples from the soil of the Okab industry- west of Mosul City) and (6 samples from the soil of the Karama Industry-East of Mosul City), the soil was at depth (0-15) cm and analyzed by the X-ray Fluorescence for 8 metals included (Pb, As, Cd, Ni, Cr,). The GIS10.6.1 ArcMap program was used to draw the environmental maps of each metals and to determine the extent of these metals and their impact on neighboring regions The results obtained for heavy metals and compared to the WHO, 2003 and these areas are already contaminated with (Ni, Cr, As) metals that have Exceeded the specified values. In addition, Pb and Cd elements are within the allowed values.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijema.20200806.13
Published in International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis ( Volume 8, Issue 6, December 2020 )

This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Impact Assessment of Pollution

Page(s) 193-201
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Assessment, Industrial Pollution, GIS10.6.1 ArcMap Program

References
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[2] Adepoju-Bello AA, Alabi OM (2005)." Heavy metals", A review. The Nig J. Pharm., 37: 41-45.
[3] Aubert H. & Pinta M, (1977). Trace Elements in Soils, Developments in Soil Science 7, Wlsevier Scientific Publishing company, Amesterdam, 395p.
[4] Bing Chen, Ariel F. Stein, Pabla Guerrero Maldonado, Sanchez de la Campa, Yolanda Gonzalez-Castanedo, Nuria Castell, Jesus D. dela Rosa 2013, size distribution and concentration of heavy metals in atmospheric aerosols originating from industrial emissions as predicted by the HYSPLIT model, center for research in sustainable Chemistry, University of Huelva.
[5] Carlin DJ, Naujokas MF, Bradham KD, Cowden J, Heacock M, Henry HF, Lee JS, Thomas DJ, Thompson C, Tokar EJ, Waalkes MP, Birnbaum LS, Suk WA,.(2016) Arsenic and Environmental Health: State of the Science and Future Research Opportunities. Environ. Health Perspect. 2016 Jul; 124 (7): 890-9.
[6] ] Chakraborti D, Hussain A, Allauddin M (2003)."Arsenic: Environmental and health aspects with special reference to ground water in South Asia", Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A: Toxic Hazard Substance Environmental Engineering; 38: 11-15.
[7] Drever J. I., (1997), Water – Wells in implementation mainterdation, Habib, R. Habib and others, 2012. Toxic Heavy Metals in Soil and Some Plants in Baghdad, Iraq, Journal of Al-Nahrain University, Science, Vol. 15 (2), June, pp. 1-16.
[8] Hussain, I. and L. Khan (2010)." Comparative study on heavy metal contents in Taraxacum officinale Int. J. Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Res. 2 (1): 15-18.
[9] Jingliang Mei, Zhichun Li, Linhua Sun, Herong Gui Xingming Wang, 2011, Assessment of Heavy Metals in the Urban River Sediments in Suzhou City, Northern Anhua Province, china, School of Earth Environment, Anhui University of Science and Technology Huainan, School of Erath Science and Engineering, Suzhou University Suzhou, China.
[10] Keller E. A., (1976). environmental Geology, 488p. Bell Howell Co. Columbus, Ohio.
[11] Lone, I. M.; Stoffella, J. P. and Yang, X (2008). "Phytoremediation of Heavy Metal Polluted Soils and Water", Progresses and Perspectives. Journal of Zhejiang University Science, 9 (3): 210-220
[12] M. chakravarty and A. D. patgiri, 2009. determined assessment pollution of Dikrong river sediment, Atmospheric Environment, ElsevOier journal J Hum Ecol, 27 (1): 63-67. maintenance & restoration, John Wiley & Sons, London, 379P.
[13] Okrent, D. (1999)."An intergenerational equity and its clash with interagenerationalequity and on the nead for policies to guide the regulation of disposal of wastes and other activities posing very long time risks", Risk Analysis, 19: 877-901.
[14] Rahimi, M.; Farhadi, R. and Balashahri, S. M (2012)." Effects of Heavy Metals on The Medicinal Plant", International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production, 3 (4): 154-158
[15] Sayadi MH, Rezaei MR, (2014) Impact of land use on the distribution of toxic metals in surface soils in Birjand city, Iran. Proceedings of the International Academy of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 4, 18-29.
[16] Sonayei Y., Ismail N. and Talebi S. (2009)." Determination of heavy metals in Zayandeh Road River, Isfahan-Iran, Wor", Appl. Sci. J. l., 6, 1204-1214.
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  • APA Style

    Salim Rabee Znad, Mazin Nazar Fadhel. (2020). Environmental Impact Assessment of Soil Pollution in Industrial Zones. International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis, 8(6), 193-201. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijema.20200806.13

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    ACS Style

    Salim Rabee Znad; Mazin Nazar Fadhel. Environmental Impact Assessment of Soil Pollution in Industrial Zones. Int. J. Environ. Monit. Anal. 2020, 8(6), 193-201. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20200806.13

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    AMA Style

    Salim Rabee Znad, Mazin Nazar Fadhel. Environmental Impact Assessment of Soil Pollution in Industrial Zones. Int J Environ Monit Anal. 2020;8(6):193-201. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20200806.13

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijema.20200806.13,
      author = {Salim Rabee Znad and Mazin Nazar Fadhel},
      title = {Environmental Impact Assessment of Soil Pollution in Industrial Zones},
      journal = {International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis},
      volume = {8},
      number = {6},
      pages = {193-201},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijema.20200806.13},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijema.20200806.13},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijema.20200806.13},
      abstract = {The study area is the city of Mosul, which is located in the north-western part of Iraq and study aims to determine the level of heavy metal contamination in the main industrial areas of Mosul City, northern Iraq, where 12 samples collected Only soil samples had been collected with depth (0-15) cm by using a homemade soil sampler in industrial zone. Samples was carried in January 2019. First of all, samples were air-dried in natural condition, and the debris of animals and plants had been cleaning by hands. Samples grind and pass through a sieve (2mm), so they ready to measure. and analyzed from the industrial soil areas (6 samples from the soil of the Okab industry- west of Mosul City) and (6 samples from the soil of the Karama Industry-East of Mosul City), the soil was at depth (0-15) cm and analyzed by the X-ray Fluorescence for 8 metals included (Pb, As, Cd, Ni, Cr,). The GIS10.6.1 ArcMap program was used to draw the environmental maps of each metals and to determine the extent of these metals and their impact on neighboring regions The results obtained for heavy metals and compared to the WHO, 2003 and these areas are already contaminated with (Ni, Cr, As) metals that have Exceeded the specified values. In addition, Pb and Cd elements are within the allowed values.},
     year = {2020}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Environmental Impact Assessment of Soil Pollution in Industrial Zones
    AU  - Salim Rabee Znad
    AU  - Mazin Nazar Fadhel
    Y1  - 2020/11/23
    PY  - 2020
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijema.20200806.13
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ijema.20200806.13
    T2  - International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
    JF  - International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
    JO  - International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
    SP  - 193
    EP  - 201
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2328-7667
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijema.20200806.13
    AB  - The study area is the city of Mosul, which is located in the north-western part of Iraq and study aims to determine the level of heavy metal contamination in the main industrial areas of Mosul City, northern Iraq, where 12 samples collected Only soil samples had been collected with depth (0-15) cm by using a homemade soil sampler in industrial zone. Samples was carried in January 2019. First of all, samples were air-dried in natural condition, and the debris of animals and plants had been cleaning by hands. Samples grind and pass through a sieve (2mm), so they ready to measure. and analyzed from the industrial soil areas (6 samples from the soil of the Okab industry- west of Mosul City) and (6 samples from the soil of the Karama Industry-East of Mosul City), the soil was at depth (0-15) cm and analyzed by the X-ray Fluorescence for 8 metals included (Pb, As, Cd, Ni, Cr,). The GIS10.6.1 ArcMap program was used to draw the environmental maps of each metals and to determine the extent of these metals and their impact on neighboring regions The results obtained for heavy metals and compared to the WHO, 2003 and these areas are already contaminated with (Ni, Cr, As) metals that have Exceeded the specified values. In addition, Pb and Cd elements are within the allowed values.
    VL  - 8
    IS  - 6
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Environmental Sciences, College of Environmental Sciences and Technology, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq

  • Department of Environmental Sciences, College of Environmental Sciences and Technology, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq

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