Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science

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Impact of Climate Change on Food Systems: A Narrative Review

Received: Feb. 09, 2019    Accepted: Apr. 03, 2019    Published: Oct. 15, 2019
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Abstract

In recent years it has become clear that climate change is an inevitable process in many parts of the world and has a negative impact on agriculture and food systems particularly in Sub-Saharan African countries. Climate change involves variations in temperature and precipitation across the globe. The environmental changes associated with climate change have a significant impact on the food supply chains food environments and food systems in general. These changes affect food production, storage, processing, marketing, availability, promotion, affordability and quality along the food value chain. Consequently, climate change affects global food security and peoples’ income especially, in developing countries where the predominance of rain-fed agriculture in much of these countries results in food systems that are highly sensitive to rainfall and temperature variability. The narrative review aimed at evaluation of published literature to understand the impact of climate change on food systems across the globe. Literature search from 2000-2019 was carried out using key words and key phrases in Google search Engine. Elsevier agriculture journals, JSTOR journals, Google Scholar, ResearchGate, Nature and Climate Change journals. More than 120 relevant publications were retrieved of which 44 were scrutinized and used for this publication. The study found that increased rainfall and temperature affect food availability, utilization, crop yields, food markets, food prices, consumption patterns and food insurance. The review recommended that all stakeholders should adopt relevant policies about climate change mitigation and adaptation options along different food value chains. This will enable farmers to produce sufficient food required to feed the projected 9.8 billion people by 2050 thus contributing to sustainable development goal number two: -End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.

DOI 10.11648/j.wros.20190804.12
Published in Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science ( Volume 8, Issue 4, August 2019 )
Page(s) 50-55
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Food Systems, Food Value Chain, Climate Change, Food Environment, Food Supply, Food Quality

References
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Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Wycliffe Tumwesigye, Abebe Aschalew, Wambi Wilber, Anteneh Destra. (2019). Impact of Climate Change on Food Systems: A Narrative Review. Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science, 8(4), 50-55. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.wros.20190804.12

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    ACS Style

    Wycliffe Tumwesigye; Abebe Aschalew; Wambi Wilber; Anteneh Destra. Impact of Climate Change on Food Systems: A Narrative Review. J. Water Resour. Ocean Sci. 2019, 8(4), 50-55. doi: 10.11648/j.wros.20190804.12

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    AMA Style

    Wycliffe Tumwesigye, Abebe Aschalew, Wambi Wilber, Anteneh Destra. Impact of Climate Change on Food Systems: A Narrative Review. J Water Resour Ocean Sci. 2019;8(4):50-55. doi: 10.11648/j.wros.20190804.12

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  • @article{10.11648/j.wros.20190804.12,
      author = {Wycliffe Tumwesigye and Abebe Aschalew and Wambi Wilber and Anteneh Destra},
      title = {Impact of Climate Change on Food Systems: A Narrative Review},
      journal = {Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science},
      volume = {8},
      number = {4},
      pages = {50-55},
      doi = {10.11648/j.wros.20190804.12},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.wros.20190804.12},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.wros.20190804.12},
      abstract = {In recent years it has become clear that climate change is an inevitable process in many parts of the world and has a negative impact on agriculture and food systems particularly in Sub-Saharan African countries. Climate change involves variations in temperature and precipitation across the globe. The environmental changes associated with climate change have a significant impact on the food supply chains food environments and food systems in general. These changes affect food production, storage, processing, marketing, availability, promotion, affordability and quality along the food value chain. Consequently, climate change affects global food security and peoples’ income especially, in developing countries where the predominance of rain-fed agriculture in much of these countries results in food systems that are highly sensitive to rainfall and temperature variability. The narrative review aimed at evaluation of published literature to understand the impact of climate change on food systems across the globe. Literature search from 2000-2019 was carried out using key words and key phrases in Google search Engine. Elsevier agriculture journals, JSTOR journals, Google Scholar, ResearchGate, Nature and Climate Change journals. More than 120 relevant publications were retrieved of which 44 were scrutinized and used for this publication. The study found that increased rainfall and temperature affect food availability, utilization, crop yields, food markets, food prices, consumption patterns and food insurance. The review recommended that all stakeholders should adopt relevant policies about climate change mitigation and adaptation options along different food value chains. This will enable farmers to produce sufficient food required to feed the projected 9.8 billion people by 2050 thus contributing to sustainable development goal number two: -End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.},
     year = {2019}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Impact of Climate Change on Food Systems: A Narrative Review
    AU  - Wycliffe Tumwesigye
    AU  - Abebe Aschalew
    AU  - Wambi Wilber
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    T2  - Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science
    JF  - Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science
    JO  - Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science
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    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2328-7993
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.wros.20190804.12
    AB  - In recent years it has become clear that climate change is an inevitable process in many parts of the world and has a negative impact on agriculture and food systems particularly in Sub-Saharan African countries. Climate change involves variations in temperature and precipitation across the globe. The environmental changes associated with climate change have a significant impact on the food supply chains food environments and food systems in general. These changes affect food production, storage, processing, marketing, availability, promotion, affordability and quality along the food value chain. Consequently, climate change affects global food security and peoples’ income especially, in developing countries where the predominance of rain-fed agriculture in much of these countries results in food systems that are highly sensitive to rainfall and temperature variability. The narrative review aimed at evaluation of published literature to understand the impact of climate change on food systems across the globe. Literature search from 2000-2019 was carried out using key words and key phrases in Google search Engine. Elsevier agriculture journals, JSTOR journals, Google Scholar, ResearchGate, Nature and Climate Change journals. More than 120 relevant publications were retrieved of which 44 were scrutinized and used for this publication. The study found that increased rainfall and temperature affect food availability, utilization, crop yields, food markets, food prices, consumption patterns and food insurance. The review recommended that all stakeholders should adopt relevant policies about climate change mitigation and adaptation options along different food value chains. This will enable farmers to produce sufficient food required to feed the projected 9.8 billion people by 2050 thus contributing to sustainable development goal number two: -End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.
    VL  - 8
    IS  - 4
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Economics and Environmental Management, Bishop Stuart University, Mbarara, Uganda; African Centre of Excellence for Climate Smart Agriculture and Biodiversity Conservation, Haramaya University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia

  • African Centre of Excellence for Climate Smart Agriculture and Biodiversity Conservation, Haramaya University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia

  • African Centre of Excellence for Climate Smart Agriculture and Biodiversity Conservation, Haramaya University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia; National Agricultural Research Organization, Bulindi Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute, Hoima, Uganda

  • African Centre of Excellence for Climate Smart Agriculture and Biodiversity Conservation, Haramaya University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia

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