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Forest Offence Types, Trends and Lapses: Case Study of the Nkawie Forest District of Ghana from 2005-2010

Received: 14 June 2014    Accepted: 24 June 2014    Published: 20 July 2014
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Abstract

The documented analysis of the forest offences revealed eight forest offence types with prevalent cases being chainsaw milling, illegal logging and illegal farming. Between 2005 and 2010, the district recorded 121 offences with more offences occurring in the on-reserve areas than in the off-reserve areas. The timber species, which was most exploited illegally is Triplochiton scleroxylon (wawa), a scarlet star-rated species, which is under imminent economic threat. Analyses of the official records revealed lapses in record keeping since there are no references to the outcomes of most offences, especially those relating to cases under investigation by the Police and Regional Forest Services Division. A call for capacity development of the frontline staff of the Forest Services Division at the District levels is paramount especially in detecting, collecting, entering and analyzing forest offences cases and outcomes as well as training in forest investigation and incident management. Furthermore, equipping the district offices with the requisite technological equipment like computers and accessories, software and real-time Global Positioning System (GPS) trackers will enhance effective monitoring and data management of forest resources especially when Ghana is committed in ensuring timber legality under the Voluntary Partnership Agreement.

DOI 10.11648/j.aff.20140304.13
Published in Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2014)
Page(s) 224-232
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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Forest Offences, Nkawie Forest District, Chainsaw Milling, Illegal Logging, Law Enforcement

References
[1] C.L. McDermott, B. Cashore and P. Kanowski, (2010). Global Environmental Forest Policies: An International Comparison. Earthscan, London, 2010, p.372.
[2] B. Cashore, Key components of good forest governance, Exlibris. ASEAN-German ReFOP Project, the Analysis and Making of Regional Public Policy. Discussion Paper No.6, July 2009 (2009).
[3] K. Sander, J. Lee, V. Hickey, V. B. Mosoti, J. Virdin and W.B. Magrath, Conceptualizing maritime environmental and natural resources law enforcement – The case of illegal fishing. Environmental Development (In press). Available online 10 August, 2013- DOI: 10.1016/j.envdev.2013.08.002
[4] E. Larbi, J. Yankson, E.S. Annag, B.K. Acheampong and F.A. Koomson, Judicial attitude towards forest related offences in the Nkawie Forest District of Ghana. Unpublished LLB thesis, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi, Ghana. 2011.
[5] E. Nutakor, E. Marfo and P.O. Tutu, Socio-political constraints to the enforcement of forest laws: A case study of chainsaw operations in Ghana. Ghana J. Forestry 27: 24- 36, 2011.
[6] K.A. Oduro, V.K. Agyeman andK. Gyan, Implementing timber legality assurance regime in Ghana: A review of stakeholders concerns and current institutional constraints Ghana J. Forestry 27(2):1-10, 2011.
[7] L.C. Christy, C.E. DiLeva, J.M. Lindsay and P.T. Takoukam, Forest law and sustainable development: Addressing contemporary challenges through legal reform. Law, Justice and Development series. Washington, D.C.: World Bank, 1997, p.206.
[8] G.R.Wilkinson, M. Schofield and P. Kanowski, Regulating forestry — Experience with compliance and enforcement over the 25 years of Tasmania's forest practices system. Forest Policy and Economics 40, 1-11, 2014.
[9] UNFF-United Nations General Assembly, Resolution adopted by the general assembly on Non-legally binding instrument on all types of forest. Sixty–second session agenda item 54, 2008.
[10] Forestry Research Institute of Ghana (FORIG) (2010), Development of a monitoring and evaluation system for non-legally binding instrument (NLBI) on all types of forests in Ghana, 2010, p.141.
[11] Ghana-EU VPA, Annual Report: Implementing the Ghana-EU Voluntary Partnership Agreement, 2011, p.19.
[12] A. Bryman, Social Research Methods. Oxford University Press. 3rd edition, 2008, p.
[13] W. D. Hawthorne and M. Abu-Juam, Forest protection in Ghana with particular reference to vegetation and species. Gland, Switzerland, and Cambridge, UK: IUCN, 1995, p.220.
[14] NFSD Info-sheet on the Nkawie Forest Services Division, 2010 (unpublished).
[15] Ghana Forestry Commission (undated) http://76.12.220.51/library.php?id=15 (accessed 6 October 2011)
[16] E. Marfo, Chainsaw milling in Ghana: context, drivers and impacts. Wageningen, the Netherlands: Tropenbos International, 2010, p.80.
[17] K.S. Amanor, Equity in forest benefit sharing and poverty reduction. In: K.S. Nketiah, J.A.S. Ameyaw and B. Owusu, eds, Equity in forest benefit sharing: Stakeholder Views, pp. 15-23, 2005. Tropenbos International–Ghana (2005). Workshop proceedings 3, October 29, 2004.Wageningen, the Netherlands: Tropenbos International.
[18] S. Vasan, Ethnography of the forest guard contrasting discourses, conflicting roles and policy implementations. Economic and political weekly, special articles 5, 4125-4133, 2002.
[19] M. Derkyi, M.A.F.Ros-Tonen, B. Kyereh, B. and T. Dietz, Emerging Forest Regimes and Livelihoods in the Tano Offin Forest Reserve, Ghana: Implications for Social Safeguards. Forest Policy and Economics 32: 49-56, 2013.
[20] Abugre, S. and F.P. Kazaare, Trends and status of illegal timber logging in three forest districts of BrongAhafo region of Ghana. Ghana Journal of Forestry 26: 89-100, 2010.
[21] M.A.A Derkyi, Fighting over forest: interactive governance of conflicts over forest and tree resources in Ghana’s high forest zone. African Studies Collection; issue: 41, Leiden, 2012, p.319.
Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Mercy A. A. Derkyi, Ton Dietz. (2014). Forest Offence Types, Trends and Lapses: Case Study of the Nkawie Forest District of Ghana from 2005-2010. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, 3(4), 224-232. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.aff.20140304.13

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    ACS Style

    Mercy A. A. Derkyi; Ton Dietz. Forest Offence Types, Trends and Lapses: Case Study of the Nkawie Forest District of Ghana from 2005-2010. Agric. For. Fish. 2014, 3(4), 224-232. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20140304.13

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    AMA Style

    Mercy A. A. Derkyi, Ton Dietz. Forest Offence Types, Trends and Lapses: Case Study of the Nkawie Forest District of Ghana from 2005-2010. Agric For Fish. 2014;3(4):224-232. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20140304.13

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  • @article{10.11648/j.aff.20140304.13,
      author = {Mercy A. A. Derkyi and Ton Dietz},
      title = {Forest Offence Types, Trends and Lapses: Case Study of the Nkawie Forest District of Ghana from 2005-2010},
      journal = {Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries},
      volume = {3},
      number = {4},
      pages = {224-232},
      doi = {10.11648/j.aff.20140304.13},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.aff.20140304.13},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.aff.20140304.13},
      abstract = {The documented analysis of the forest offences revealed eight forest offence types with prevalent cases being chainsaw milling, illegal logging and illegal farming. Between 2005 and 2010, the district recorded 121 offences with more offences occurring in the on-reserve areas than in the off-reserve areas. The timber species, which was most exploited illegally is Triplochiton scleroxylon (wawa), a scarlet star-rated species, which is under imminent economic threat. Analyses of the official records revealed lapses in record keeping since there are no references to the outcomes of most offences, especially those relating to cases under investigation by the Police and Regional Forest Services Division. A call for capacity development of the frontline staff of the Forest Services Division at the District levels is paramount especially in detecting, collecting, entering and analyzing forest offences cases and outcomes as well as training in forest investigation and incident management. Furthermore, equipping the district offices with the requisite technological equipment like computers and accessories, software and real-time Global Positioning System (GPS) trackers will enhance effective monitoring and data management of forest resources especially when Ghana is committed in ensuring timber legality under the Voluntary Partnership Agreement.},
     year = {2014}
    }
    

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    AB  - The documented analysis of the forest offences revealed eight forest offence types with prevalent cases being chainsaw milling, illegal logging and illegal farming. Between 2005 and 2010, the district recorded 121 offences with more offences occurring in the on-reserve areas than in the off-reserve areas. The timber species, which was most exploited illegally is Triplochiton scleroxylon (wawa), a scarlet star-rated species, which is under imminent economic threat. Analyses of the official records revealed lapses in record keeping since there are no references to the outcomes of most offences, especially those relating to cases under investigation by the Police and Regional Forest Services Division. A call for capacity development of the frontline staff of the Forest Services Division at the District levels is paramount especially in detecting, collecting, entering and analyzing forest offences cases and outcomes as well as training in forest investigation and incident management. Furthermore, equipping the district offices with the requisite technological equipment like computers and accessories, software and real-time Global Positioning System (GPS) trackers will enhance effective monitoring and data management of forest resources especially when Ghana is committed in ensuring timber legality under the Voluntary Partnership Agreement.
    VL  - 3
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Author Information
  • Department of Forest Science, School of Natural Resources, University of Energy and Natural Resources, P.O. Box 214 Sunyani, Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana

  • African Studies Centre, PO Box 9555, 2300 RB Leiden, The Netherlands

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