American Journal of Modern Physics

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Refinement and Supplement of Phenomenology of Thermoelectricity

Received: 15 June 2017    Accepted: 26 June 2017    Published: 28 August 2017
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Abstract

Phenomenology of nonequilibrium thermodynamics based on independent thermodynamic forces with kinetic coefficients independent of the applied forces. Whereas the traditional thermoelectric phenomenology is based on the experimentally measured material parameters of the medium. At the same time, their historically emerging definitions have neither mathematical rigor nor consistency. And, as a result, the strict, developed in macroscopic phenomenological nonequilibrium thermodynamics patterns of relationship, in thermoelectricity are not completely considered. A rigorous phenomenological description of macroscopic thermoelectricity made it possible to reveal effects that had not been taken into account earlier when measuring thermoelectrics. In particular the effect of thermoelectric locking of current significantly influencing the measurement accuracy of conductivity of thermoelectrics has been ascertained. In addition, the phenomenology of thermoelectricity could be expanded both in terms of dimensionality and in terms of scale of size. Thereby it was succeeded to consider concentration effects even in the macroscopic case and to extend thermoelectricity phenomenology on micro- and the nano-level.

DOI 10.11648/j.ajmp.20170605.14
Published in American Journal of Modern Physics (Volume 6, Issue 5, September 2017)
Page(s) 96-107
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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Local Effects, Sharply Inhomogeneous Media, Thermoelectricity, Phenomenological Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics, p-n Junction

References
[1] D. N. Zubarev, Nonequilibrium statistical thermodynamics, publishing house "Science", Main edition of the physical and mathematical literature, 1971, 415 p.
[2] L. Onsager, Phys. Rev., 1931, N 37, 405, N38, 2265.
[3] Ordin S. V., Sokolov I. A, Zjuzin A. J., Thermoelectric processes in p-n junctions, Proceedings of X interstate seminar: Thermoelectrics and their application, A. F. Ioffe PhTI of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St.-Petersburg, Russia, on November, 14-15th 2006, p. 41-47.
[4] S. V. Ordin, Yu. V. Zhilyaev, V. V. Zelenin, V. N. Panteleev, Semiconductors, 51(7), July, 2017, pp. 883-886.
[5] I. Prigogine, D. Kondepudi, MODERN THERMODYNAMICS, From Heat Engines to Dissipative Structures, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester-New York; Moscow, World, 2002, 462 pp.
[6] M. Ziman, Principles of the theory of solids, Cambridge, University Press, 1972, 450 pp.
[7] K. Zalevski, Phenomenological and Statistical Thermodynamics, Moscow, World, 1973, 167 pp.
[8] S. V. Ordin, Semiconductors, 31(10), October, 1997, 1091 - 1093.
[9] S. V. Ordin, Peltier Heat as a Volume Property and Optimization of Working Regimes of Thermo elements in Real Conditions, Abstracts of the XVI Int. Conf. on Thermo electrics (ICT' 97), Dresden, August, 1997.
[10] S. V. Ordin, “Optical technique of measurement local thermo-EMF”, PhTI of A. F. Ioffe of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St.-Petersburg, Russia, Interstate Conference: Thermo electrics and their application, on November, 2014, Proceedings, St.-Petersburg, Russia, 2015, p. 234-237.
[11] K. Seeger, Semiconductor Physics, Springer-Verlag, Wien, New York, 1973, 615 pp.
[12] S. V. Ordin, Detector of Radiation on base HSM, Accepted Application for Russian Patent No 93036965/25 (037129) of 21th July 1994.
[13] CRC Handbook of THERMOELECTRICS, ed. By D. M. Rowe, CRC Press, New York, 1994, 701.
[14] S. V. Ordin, M. I. Fedorov, Phenomenological Analysis of Thermoelectric Processes in Heavy and Doped Semiconductors, Abstracts [TH-11] of the XVII Int. Conf. on Thermo electrics (ICT'98), 1998, p. 8.
[15] Y. Okamoto, S. V. Ordin, T. Miyakawa, Journal of Applied Physics, v. 85, 9, 1999, p. 6728 -6737.
[16] S. V. Ordin, W. N. Wang, "Thermoelectric Effects on Micro and Nano Level.", J. Advances in Energy Research, Volume 9, 2012, p. 311-342.
[17] S. V. Ordin, A. Yu. Zjuzin, Yu. V Ivanov. and S. Yamaguchi, “Nano-structured materials for thermoelectric devices”, ITC2010, Shanghai, China, July, 2010, Journal of Electronic Materials (JEM) p. 137-147.
[18] S. V. Ordin, “Progress and Problems of Thermoelectricity”, 02.08.2015, 10 pp., http://www.rusnor.org/pubs/articles/12707.htm.
[19] S. M. Sze, The Physics of Semiconductor Devices, 2nd ed., Wiley, 1981, 370 pp.
[20] Ordin S. V., Ballistic model of the movement of electrons over potential hill, PHTI of A. F. Ioffe of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St.-Petersburg, Russia, Interstate Conference: Thermoelectrics and their application, on November, 2014, Proceedings, St.-Petersburg, Russia, 2015, p. 199-203, http://www.rusnor.org/pubs/articles/11583.htm, 14.11.2014, 10 pp.
[21] S. V. Ordin, “Giant spatial dispersion in the region of plasmon-phonon interaction in one-dimensional- incommensurate crystal the higher silicide of manganese (HSM)”, Chapter (25 pp.) in the Book: Optical Lattices: Structures, Atoms and Solitons, Nova Sc. Publ. Inc.
[22] G. G. Ishanin, Radiation detectors of optical and light-wave devices, Leningrad, Mechanical engineering, 1986, 175 pp.
[23] S. V. Ordin, Thermoelectric Waves in Anisotropic Cristal of Higher Manganese Silicide, Proc. XV the Int. Conf. on Thermo electrics, p. 212-214, (ICT'95), St.-Peterburg, Russia, 1995.
[24] S. V. Ordin, J. NBICS-Science. Technologies, 2017, No. 1, p. 53-65.
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    S. V. Ordin. (2017). Refinement and Supplement of Phenomenology of Thermoelectricity. American Journal of Modern Physics, 6(5), 96-107. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajmp.20170605.14

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    ACS Style

    S. V. Ordin. Refinement and Supplement of Phenomenology of Thermoelectricity. Am. J. Mod. Phys. 2017, 6(5), 96-107. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmp.20170605.14

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    AMA Style

    S. V. Ordin. Refinement and Supplement of Phenomenology of Thermoelectricity. Am J Mod Phys. 2017;6(5):96-107. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmp.20170605.14

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ajmp.20170605.14,
      author = {S. V. Ordin},
      title = {Refinement and Supplement of Phenomenology of Thermoelectricity},
      journal = {American Journal of Modern Physics},
      volume = {6},
      number = {5},
      pages = {96-107},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ajmp.20170605.14},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajmp.20170605.14},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ajmp.20170605.14},
      abstract = {Phenomenology of nonequilibrium thermodynamics based on independent thermodynamic forces with kinetic coefficients independent of the applied forces. Whereas the traditional thermoelectric phenomenology is based on the experimentally measured material parameters of the medium. At the same time, their historically emerging definitions have neither mathematical rigor nor consistency. And, as a result, the strict, developed in macroscopic phenomenological nonequilibrium thermodynamics patterns of relationship, in thermoelectricity are not completely considered. A rigorous phenomenological description of macroscopic thermoelectricity made it possible to reveal effects that had not been taken into account earlier when measuring thermoelectrics. In particular the effect of thermoelectric locking of current significantly influencing the measurement accuracy of conductivity of thermoelectrics has been ascertained. In addition, the phenomenology of thermoelectricity could be expanded both in terms of dimensionality and in terms of scale of size. Thereby it was succeeded to consider concentration effects even in the macroscopic case and to extend thermoelectricity phenomenology on micro- and the nano-level.},
     year = {2017}
    }
    

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    AB  - Phenomenology of nonequilibrium thermodynamics based on independent thermodynamic forces with kinetic coefficients independent of the applied forces. Whereas the traditional thermoelectric phenomenology is based on the experimentally measured material parameters of the medium. At the same time, their historically emerging definitions have neither mathematical rigor nor consistency. And, as a result, the strict, developed in macroscopic phenomenological nonequilibrium thermodynamics patterns of relationship, in thermoelectricity are not completely considered. A rigorous phenomenological description of macroscopic thermoelectricity made it possible to reveal effects that had not been taken into account earlier when measuring thermoelectrics. In particular the effect of thermoelectric locking of current significantly influencing the measurement accuracy of conductivity of thermoelectrics has been ascertained. In addition, the phenomenology of thermoelectricity could be expanded both in terms of dimensionality and in terms of scale of size. Thereby it was succeeded to consider concentration effects even in the macroscopic case and to extend thermoelectricity phenomenology on micro- and the nano-level.
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Author Information
  • Ioffe Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia

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