International Journal of Pharmacy and Chemistry

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Protection of Vine from Winter Stress with the Use of Silicate

Received: May 10, 2023    Accepted: Jun. 12, 2023    Published: Jul. 13, 2023
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Abstract

The basic limiting factor of cultivation of grapes in the south of Russia it is low temperatures of the winter season that demands covering. The search for effective ways to protect grapes and fruit crops from winter stress is relevant for world science and production. The increasing of marginal winter temperature for vine which is bound by that on a grape vine the microporous film protecting from sharp temperature drops was formed is received. Capillary electrophoresis was used for determination of mobile forms ions and carbonhydrates in the vine of Chardonay and Moldova to establish the influence of the applied protection on these indicators. Visual studies carried out microscopy allowed us to establish the formation of a porous microfilm on the surface of the vine. In experiments a grape vine treated an aqueous emulsion of the silicate-carbonate preparation consisting of two components – liquid and a powder. The characteristic of a protective structure: is nontoxic, is non-combustible, inodorous. Testing of a physiological state of a grape vine has shown the following: the total concentration of carbohydrates in intercellular sap reached 20-70 g/kg of a grape vine, without treatment – 17-44 g/kg. The porous film in field conditions of a vineyard conserved mechanical stability about 3 months. The protecting film was destroyed in the spring, a natural path at the beginning sap flow in the plants.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijpc.20230903.11
Published in International Journal of Pharmacy and Chemistry ( Volume 9, Issue 3, May 2023 )
Page(s) 28-31
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Vineyard, Frost, Polymeric Film, Treatment, Capillary Electrophoresis

References
[1] Santos V., Renaud-Gentié С., Roux Ph., Levasseur A., Bulle C., Deschênes L., Boulay A.-M. Prospective life cycle assessment of viticulture under climate change scenarios, application on two case studies in France. Science of The Total Environment, 2023, 880, 1. 163288 DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.163288.
[2] Arnoldussen B., Alhamid J., Wang P., Mo C., Zhang X., Zhang Q., Whiting M. Internal freezing and heat loss of apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) and sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) reproductive buds are decreased with cellulose nanocrystal dispersions. Front. Plant Sci, 2022, 13, 949537. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2022.949537.
[3] The patent of the Russian Federation № 2140732 A01G13/00 A01G17/00 The Mean of protection of a grapevine from frosts, Mamilov B. B., 1999.
[4] The patent of the Russian Federation № 2060632 Mean of alighting and the maintenance not enough cold-resistant and thermophilic perennial cultures, Tsapko V. Z, Tsapko V. V., 1996.
[5] Patent UM RU No 134001. Yakuba Yu. Th., Yakuba D. Yu. 2013.
[6] The copyright certificate of the USSR № 522837, Lavrejchuk I. I., Kretov I. A., 1976.
[7] Frota de Albuquerque Landi F., Di Giuseppe A., Gambelli A. M., Palliotti A., Nicolini A., Pisello A. L., Rossi F. Life Cycle Assessment of an Innovative Technology against Late Frosts in Vineyard. Sustainability, 2021, 13, 5562. doi: 10.3390/su13105562.
[8] Giuseppe A., Gambelli A., Rossi F., Nicolini A., Ceccarelli N., Palliotti A. A natural organic coating to control and minimize late frost damages on wine shoots. Heat Trans Res., 2020, 51, 18, p. 1625-1635. DOI: 10.1615/HeatTransRes.2020034721.
[9] Sun Q., Granco G., Groves L., Voong J., Van Zyl S. Viticultural Manipulation and New Technologies to Address Environmental Challenges Caused by Climate Change. Climate, 2023, 11 (4), 83 DOI: 10.3390/cli11040083.
[10] Brito C., Dinis L., Moutinho-Pereira J., Correia C. Kaolin, an emerging tool to alleviate the effects of abiotic stresses on crop Performance, Scientia horticulturae, 2019, 250, 310-316 Doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2019.02.070.
[11] The patent of the Russian Federation №2198499, The Mean of protection of fruit-trees from spring frosts, Stepanov V. A., Menshikov A. E., Meshcherjakova M. V., Kramarenko J. P., Polgorodnik O. G., 2003.
[12] Pavlukova T. P., Tjagilev O. A, Yakuba Yu. Th. Cold resisting of a kind of grapes in cognac production. The Bulletin of the Russian Academy agricultural sciences, 2012, № 6, P. 42-44.
[13] Warren Ch. R., Adams M. A. Capillary electrophoresis of the major anions and cations in leaf extracts of woody species. Phytochemical analysis, 2004, 15, P. 407-413.
[14] Kandl T., Kupina S. An improved capillary electrophoresis procedure for the determination of organic acids in grape juice and wine. American Journal of Enolology and Viticulture, 1999, 50 (2), P. 155-161.
[15] Patent RU No 2522522, Yakuba Yu. Th., 2014.
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  • APA Style

    Svetlana Lepeshkina, Uri Yakuba. (2023). Protection of Vine from Winter Stress with the Use of Silicate. International Journal of Pharmacy and Chemistry, 9(3), 28-31. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijpc.20230903.11

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    ACS Style

    Svetlana Lepeshkina; Uri Yakuba. Protection of Vine from Winter Stress with the Use of Silicate. Int. J. Pharm. Chem. 2023, 9(3), 28-31. doi: 10.11648/j.ijpc.20230903.11

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    AMA Style

    Svetlana Lepeshkina, Uri Yakuba. Protection of Vine from Winter Stress with the Use of Silicate. Int J Pharm Chem. 2023;9(3):28-31. doi: 10.11648/j.ijpc.20230903.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijpc.20230903.11,
      author = {Svetlana Lepeshkina and Uri Yakuba},
      title = {Protection of Vine from Winter Stress with the Use of Silicate},
      journal = {International Journal of Pharmacy and Chemistry},
      volume = {9},
      number = {3},
      pages = {28-31},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijpc.20230903.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijpc.20230903.11},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijpc.20230903.11},
      abstract = {The basic limiting factor of cultivation of grapes in the south of Russia it is low temperatures of the winter season that demands covering. The search for effective ways to protect grapes and fruit crops from winter stress is relevant for world science and production. The increasing of marginal winter temperature for vine which is bound by that on a grape vine the microporous film protecting from sharp temperature drops was formed is received. Capillary electrophoresis was used for determination of mobile forms ions and carbonhydrates in the vine of Chardonay and Moldova to establish the influence of the applied protection on these indicators. Visual studies carried out microscopy allowed us to establish the formation of a porous microfilm on the surface of the vine. In experiments a grape vine treated an aqueous emulsion of the silicate-carbonate preparation consisting of two components – liquid and a powder. The characteristic of a protective structure: is nontoxic, is non-combustible, inodorous. Testing of a physiological state of a grape vine has shown the following: the total concentration of carbohydrates in intercellular sap reached 20-70 g/kg of a grape vine, without treatment – 17-44 g/kg. The porous film in field conditions of a vineyard conserved mechanical stability about 3 months. The protecting film was destroyed in the spring, a natural path at the beginning sap flow in the plants.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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    T2  - International Journal of Pharmacy and Chemistry
    JF  - International Journal of Pharmacy and Chemistry
    JO  - International Journal of Pharmacy and Chemistry
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    PB  - Science Publishing Group
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    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijpc.20230903.11
    AB  - The basic limiting factor of cultivation of grapes in the south of Russia it is low temperatures of the winter season that demands covering. The search for effective ways to protect grapes and fruit crops from winter stress is relevant for world science and production. The increasing of marginal winter temperature for vine which is bound by that on a grape vine the microporous film protecting from sharp temperature drops was formed is received. Capillary electrophoresis was used for determination of mobile forms ions and carbonhydrates in the vine of Chardonay and Moldova to establish the influence of the applied protection on these indicators. Visual studies carried out microscopy allowed us to establish the formation of a porous microfilm on the surface of the vine. In experiments a grape vine treated an aqueous emulsion of the silicate-carbonate preparation consisting of two components – liquid and a powder. The characteristic of a protective structure: is nontoxic, is non-combustible, inodorous. Testing of a physiological state of a grape vine has shown the following: the total concentration of carbohydrates in intercellular sap reached 20-70 g/kg of a grape vine, without treatment – 17-44 g/kg. The porous film in field conditions of a vineyard conserved mechanical stability about 3 months. The protecting film was destroyed in the spring, a natural path at the beginning sap flow in the plants.
    VL  - 9
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Author Information
  • Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution North Caucasian Federal Research Center of Horticulture, Viticulture, Wine-Making, Krasnodar, The Russian Federation

  • Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution North Caucasian Federal Research Center of Horticulture, Viticulture, Wine-Making, Krasnodar, The Russian Federation

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