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Determination of Some Heavy Metals in Roadside Soils from Some Major Roads in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria

Received: 2 March 2019    Accepted: 8 November 2019    Published: 17 November 2019
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Abstract

Heavy metal concentration in road side soils with its potential ecological effects draws much attention in the developing countries. This necessitates the study of their accumulation in the road side soils of Maiduguri (longitude 11° 13’ N; latitude 13° 05’ E), to ensure effective protection of soil from the potential loss of its fertility. In this study, roadside soil samples from major roads (Baga road, Bama road, Ngala road and Kano/Jos road) of Maiduguri were collected and determined the levels of heavy metals (As, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Pb, Zn, Cd, and Cu) in the roadside soil using the Perkin-Elmer analyst 300 Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS). The results showed that in all the sampling locations, Mn, Zn, Fe and Pb have higher concentration of 137.4±0.04 mg/kg, 392.11±0.07 mg/kg, 13491.70±0.07 mg/kg and 928.50±0.04 mg/kg respectively in roadside soil as compared with Cd of concentration ranges from 0 to maximum of 0.87±0.04mg/kg in Ngala road. The concentrations of Pb and Cd in the soil samples were higher than the recommended value of 48 mg/kg and 5.0 mg/kg respectively. The higher concentration of these metals in the roadside soil samples may be attributed to human activities and traffic volume. Therefore, there is need to further study the concentrations of such heavy metals in agricultural soil, plants and vegetables grown in that area, animals that fed on the plants and any other source that directly or indirectly link to the source of food of the populace.

DOI 10.11648/j.ns.20190403.11
Published in Nuclear Science (Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2019)
Page(s) 27-33
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy, Heavy Metals, Roadside Soil, Concentration, Traffic Volume Count

References
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Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Mohammed Kyari Dikwa, Joe Clement Akan, Aliyu Adamu. (2019). Determination of Some Heavy Metals in Roadside Soils from Some Major Roads in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria. Nuclear Science, 4(3), 27-33. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ns.20190403.11

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    ACS Style

    Mohammed Kyari Dikwa; Joe Clement Akan; Aliyu Adamu. Determination of Some Heavy Metals in Roadside Soils from Some Major Roads in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria. Nucl. Sci. 2019, 4(3), 27-33. doi: 10.11648/j.ns.20190403.11

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    AMA Style

    Mohammed Kyari Dikwa, Joe Clement Akan, Aliyu Adamu. Determination of Some Heavy Metals in Roadside Soils from Some Major Roads in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria. Nucl Sci. 2019;4(3):27-33. doi: 10.11648/j.ns.20190403.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ns.20190403.11,
      author = {Mohammed Kyari Dikwa and Joe Clement Akan and Aliyu Adamu},
      title = {Determination of Some Heavy Metals in Roadside Soils from Some Major Roads in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria},
      journal = {Nuclear Science},
      volume = {4},
      number = {3},
      pages = {27-33},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ns.20190403.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ns.20190403.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ns.20190403.11},
      abstract = {Heavy metal concentration in road side soils with its potential ecological effects draws much attention in the developing countries. This necessitates the study of their accumulation in the road side soils of Maiduguri (longitude 11° 13’ N; latitude 13° 05’ E), to ensure effective protection of soil from the potential loss of its fertility. In this study, roadside soil samples from major roads (Baga road, Bama road, Ngala road and Kano/Jos road) of Maiduguri were collected and determined the levels of heavy metals (As, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Pb, Zn, Cd, and Cu) in the roadside soil using the Perkin-Elmer analyst 300 Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS). The results showed that in all the sampling locations, Mn, Zn, Fe and Pb have higher concentration of 137.4±0.04 mg/kg, 392.11±0.07 mg/kg, 13491.70±0.07 mg/kg and 928.50±0.04 mg/kg respectively in roadside soil as compared with Cd of concentration ranges from 0 to maximum of 0.87±0.04mg/kg in Ngala road. The concentrations of Pb and Cd in the soil samples were higher than the recommended value of 48 mg/kg and 5.0 mg/kg respectively. The higher concentration of these metals in the roadside soil samples may be attributed to human activities and traffic volume. Therefore, there is need to further study the concentrations of such heavy metals in agricultural soil, plants and vegetables grown in that area, animals that fed on the plants and any other source that directly or indirectly link to the source of food of the populace.},
     year = {2019}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Determination of Some Heavy Metals in Roadside Soils from Some Major Roads in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
    AU  - Mohammed Kyari Dikwa
    AU  - Joe Clement Akan
    AU  - Aliyu Adamu
    Y1  - 2019/11/17
    PY  - 2019
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ns.20190403.11
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ns.20190403.11
    T2  - Nuclear Science
    JF  - Nuclear Science
    JO  - Nuclear Science
    SP  - 27
    EP  - 33
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2640-4346
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ns.20190403.11
    AB  - Heavy metal concentration in road side soils with its potential ecological effects draws much attention in the developing countries. This necessitates the study of their accumulation in the road side soils of Maiduguri (longitude 11° 13’ N; latitude 13° 05’ E), to ensure effective protection of soil from the potential loss of its fertility. In this study, roadside soil samples from major roads (Baga road, Bama road, Ngala road and Kano/Jos road) of Maiduguri were collected and determined the levels of heavy metals (As, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Pb, Zn, Cd, and Cu) in the roadside soil using the Perkin-Elmer analyst 300 Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS). The results showed that in all the sampling locations, Mn, Zn, Fe and Pb have higher concentration of 137.4±0.04 mg/kg, 392.11±0.07 mg/kg, 13491.70±0.07 mg/kg and 928.50±0.04 mg/kg respectively in roadside soil as compared with Cd of concentration ranges from 0 to maximum of 0.87±0.04mg/kg in Ngala road. The concentrations of Pb and Cd in the soil samples were higher than the recommended value of 48 mg/kg and 5.0 mg/kg respectively. The higher concentration of these metals in the roadside soil samples may be attributed to human activities and traffic volume. Therefore, there is need to further study the concentrations of such heavy metals in agricultural soil, plants and vegetables grown in that area, animals that fed on the plants and any other source that directly or indirectly link to the source of food of the populace.
    VL  - 4
    IS  - 3
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Environmental Health Science, College of Health Technology Maiduguri, Borno, Nigeria

  • Department of Chemistry, University of Maiduguri, Borno, Nigeria

  • Department of Physics, University of Maiduguri, Borno, Nigeria

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