American Journal of Sports Science

Volume 6, Issue 2, June 2018

  • Systemic Responses of Inflammation-Related Factors Following Eccentric Exercise in Humans

    Anastassios Philippou, Maria Maridaki, Constantinos Psarros, Michael Koutsilieris

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 2, June 2018
    Pages: 32-37
    Received: Oct. 11, 2017
    Accepted: Oct. 26, 2017
    Published: Mar. 16, 2018
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    Abstract: Background: Exercise-induced muscle damage is followed by muscle adaptation which has been associated with an inflammatory response and is influenced by a crucial balance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. This study investigated the pattern of systemic cytokine responses for several hours after muscle-damaging exercise. Methods: Nine he... Show More
  • Determining If Competition Level Matters in Developing Positive and Negative Youth Sportsmanship

    Skye Gerald Arthur-Banning, Mary Sara Wells, Brian Malcarne, Young Suk Oh

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 2, June 2018
    Pages: 38-46
    Received: Feb. 01, 2018
    Accepted: Feb. 16, 2018
    Published: Mar. 24, 2018
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    Abstract: Millions of young athletes engage in youth sport every year at a variety of levels ranging from beginning instruction up through elite national competitions. Parents are frequently registering these youth in sport for a variety of benefits including the frequently mentioned purpose of “building character”. Although a vague term, building character ... Show More
  • Energy Expenditure During Incline Walking – Benefits of Integrating a Barometer into Activity Monitors

    Armbruster Manuel, Anastasopoulou Panagiota, Altmann Stefan, Ringhof Steffen, Neumann Rainer, Haertel Sascha, Woll Alexander

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 2, June 2018
    Pages: 47-54
    Received: Feb. 15, 2018
    Accepted: Mar. 14, 2018
    Published: Apr. 04, 2018
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    Abstract: Objective: This study aimed to compare different methods to determine energy expenditure (EE) on incline walking. Approach: The methods tested were a conventional triaxial accelerometer (GT3X), a versatile system (SenseWear), both utilizing single regression models, and a device equipped with a triaxial accelerometer and an air pressure sensor (mov... Show More
  • Effect of Functional Fitness on Plasma Oxidation Level in Elders: Reduction of the Plasma Oxidants and Improvement of the Antioxidant Barrier

    Tania Gamberi, Giulia Gorini, Tania Fiaschi, Gabriele Morucci, Simone Pratesi, Lucio Fittipaldi, Massimo Gulisano, Pietro Amedeo Modesti, Alessandra Modesti, Francesca Magherini

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 2, June 2018
    Pages: 55-64
    Received: Dec. 19, 2017
    Accepted: Feb. 24, 2018
    Published: Apr. 09, 2018
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    Abstract: Aging is characterized by a progressive decline in the physiological function due to the gradual alteration of molecules, cells and tissues. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are the by-product of aerobic metabolism, and their increase is physiologically counteracted by the activation of the antioxidant machinery. A typical hallmark of aging is the imb... Show More
  • Effectiveness of Cross Taping as a Therapy for Delayed Muscle Soreness

    Alla Al Frisany

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 2, June 2018
    Pages: 65-73
    Received: Apr. 01, 2018
    Accepted: Apr. 17, 2018
    Published: May 03, 2018
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    Abstract: Background & purpose, Decrease muscle soreness by medical tape is supported by the literature. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of the cross tapes in muscle soreness. Twenty normal subjects ranging in age from 18 to 55 with no history of previous skin allergy from any tape and do not have any upper body injuries participated. Su... Show More