American Journal of Sports Science

Volume 8, Issue 4, December 2020

  • Raging Bull: A Story of Physical and Psychological Self-destruction in Boxing

    Arturo Leyva

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 4, December 2020
    Pages: 81-88
    Received: Aug. 12, 2020
    Accepted: Oct. 05, 2020
    Published: Oct. 26, 2020
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    Abstract: This paper proposes a new reading of Martin Scorsese’s 1980 film Raging Bull. It departs from established academic interpretations that focus on the main protagonist, the former middleweight champion, Jake LaMotta, and his toxic or overtly violent masculinity. Instead, while such interpretations touch upon important aspects of the film, the common ... Show More
  • Examination Regarding Change of Differences in the Diet Effect with Age: Analysis Based on Wavelet Interpolation Model

    Katsunori Fujii, Tohru Ishigaki, Kohsuke Kasuya

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 4, December 2020
    Pages: 89-94
    Received: Oct. 05, 2020
    Accepted: Oct. 20, 2020
    Published: Oct. 26, 2020
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    Abstract: During diets, people basically try to change their living habits to lose weight, such as restricting caloric intake and increasing energy consumption through exercise and activity. This could truly be considered a hostile act against corpulence in modern society. For many women in particular, the act of dieting is essentially wishful thinking in th... Show More
  • A Study on Resting Heart Rate and Heart Rate Variability of Athletes, Non-athletes and Cricketers

    Subhashis Biswas

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 4, December 2020
    Pages: 95-98
    Received: Jul. 29, 2020
    Accepted: Aug. 21, 2020
    Published: Dec. 04, 2020
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    Abstract: Resting heart rate (RHR) is a primary marker to understand the overall physical state of an individual. Rhythmic changes in heart rate (HR) at any given point reflect the complex interactions between parasympathetic and sympathetic nerves system. Assessment of workload through HR can be confusing unless RHR is known. RHR & heart rate variability (H... Show More
  • Conflict Management in Ethnic Tension Zones: Sport Contribution in Co-existence and Inclusion Citizenship Diversity: A Case Study in Aleksandria, Iraq

    Sanaa Ali Ahmed Alrashid

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 4, December 2020
    Pages: 99-104
    Received: Oct. 23, 2020
    Accepted: Nov. 03, 2020
    Published: Dec. 04, 2020
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    Abstract: The aim of the study was to strived to know how sports can be used as a tool in Co-existence and inclusion citizenship diversity, conflict resolution management and positive communication. This article seeks to move beyond a simplistic approach that asserts the sports are powerful to a richer articulation of how they function in conflict management... Show More
  • Health Information Risk Analysis Based on BMI Fluctuation

    Yuki Takeyama, Katsunori Fujii

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 4, December 2020
    Pages: 105-110
    Received: Dec. 01, 2020
    Accepted: Dec. 09, 2020
    Published: Dec. 22, 2020
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    Abstract: Obesity is a factor that lowers productivity in companies. In recent years there has been a focus on health management in the management of human resources, including obesity. Actually, as living habits change after people graduate from university and become company employees, a situation arises in which it is easy for obesity to occur from a lack ... Show More
  • The Relationship Between Physical Development and Economic Growth in Japan: From the Perspective of Regional Differences in Biological Parameters

    Yuki Kani, Katsunori Fujii, Keiko Abe, Kan-ichi Mimura

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 4, December 2020
    Pages: 111-115
    Received: Dec. 02, 2020
    Accepted: Dec. 10, 2020
    Published: Dec. 22, 2020
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    Abstract: Following the Second World War, there was a rapid increase in body size in Japan as a result of qualitative changes in the human environment from marked economic growth and the stable supply of nutrition. A phenomenon that facilitated this physical growth may be seen in the larger body sizes and earlier maturation combined with the secular trends i... Show More