Biomedical Sciences

Volume 9, Issue 4, December 2023

  • Prevalence of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) in Goat and Sheeps in Various Districts of Punjab-Pakistan

    Adnan Yousaf, Lookesh Kumar, Faheem Ahmed, Ajeet Singh Berjang, Rehana Shahnawaz

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, December 2023
    Pages: 78-83
    Received: Aug. 23, 2023
    Accepted: Sep. 05, 2023
    Published: Oct. 14, 2023
    Abstract: Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a contagious viral disease that affects animals with cloven feet. It is prevalent in Pakistan, resulting in significant economic losses. The study's goal was to determine the sero-prevalence of FMD in small ruminants (sheep and goats) maintained near large ruminants that had recently had an FMD epidemic. The research... Show More
  • Review Article

    Hypertension: Unmasking the Silent Epidemic in Developing Countries

    Rodrick Symon Katete

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, December 2023
    Pages: 84-96
    Received: Sep. 25, 2023
    Accepted: Oct. 23, 2023
    Published: Nov. 09, 2023
    DOI: 10.11648/
    Abstract: Background: An estimated 1.28 billion adults aged 30–79 years worldwide have hypertension, about two-thirds of them live in low- and middle-income countries. A systolic blood pressure (BP) > 180 mm Hg or a diastolic BP > 120 mm Hg is considered a "hypertensive crisis." Almost three-quarters of the worldwide deaths due to hypertension are reported i... Show More