Science Development

Volume 3, Issue 3, September 2022

  • Driving Factors Aggravate the Incidence and Severity of Coffee Leaf Rust (Hemileia vastatrix Be & Br.) in Ethiopia

    Kifle Belachew Bekele

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, September 2022
    Pages: 80-87
    Received: 9 May 2022
    Accepted: 6 June 2022
    Published: 5 July 2022
    DOI: 10.11648/j.scidev.20220303.11
    Abstract: Driving factors aggravating coffee leaf rust caused by biotrophic fungus Hemileiavastatrix Be & Br. was critically assessed and examined in 406 sample coffee farms from 27 districts, nine zones across major coffee growing two regions (Oromia and SNNPR) of Ethiopia. All associated environmental and soil factors were noted carefully from each plot. U... Show More
  • Determinants of Food Security Status of Rural Households in Benishangul Gumuz Region: The Case of Pawe Woreda

    Chirotaw Tsegaw, Adem Endris, Getaneh Assefa

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, September 2022
    Pages: 88-97
    Received: 19 May 2022
    Accepted: 8 June 2022
    Published: 5 July 2022
    DOI: 10.11648/j.scidev.20220303.12
    Abstract: Rural household’s food security mediations can be viably actualized through in-depth Analysis of food security status and its determinants. Food insecurity frailty is basically more broad and serious in rural areas than in urban ones. This study was conducted to analyze the determinants of household food security in Pawe woreda. This study followed... Show More
  • Effect of Wheat Rust Diseases on Grain Yield and Yield Components of Bread Wheat Genotypes at Low to Mid Altitude in Ethiopia

    Tafesse Solomon

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, September 2022
    Pages: 98-103
    Received: 10 June 2022
    Accepted: 6 July 2022
    Published: 13 July 2022
    DOI: 10.11648/j.scidev.20220303.13
    Abstract: Bread wheat production is reduced by wheat fungal wheat rust diseases: Stem rust, Yellow rust, and Leaf rust. In Ethiopia, stem rust and yellow rust are the two major wheat rusts in occurrence and importance. Through evaluation and selection for years, noble bread wheat varieties can be developed and released. The National Wheat Research Program In... Show More
  • Improvement of Injera Quality Through Incorporation of Fenugreek in Tef Flour

    Oli Legassa, Tamirat Kore, Muhaba Seifu, Deribe Mengistu

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, September 2022
    Pages: 104-109
    Received: 25 May 2022
    Accepted: 25 June 2022
    Published: 20 July 2022
    DOI: 10.11648/j.scidev.20220303.14
    Abstract: Injera is most commonly consumed food in Ethiopia. Traditionally, injera can be made from tef and other cereals. This study was conducted to determine the effect of fenugreek (raw, roasted and germinated) incorporation (1%, 3% and 5%) on nutritional composition, sensory quality and keeping quality of tef injera. Protein content was determined by Kj... Show More
  • Maize Production and Food Security in Garu District of Upper East Region, Ghana

    Alhassan Bawa, Denis Asampambila

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, September 2022
    Pages: 110-116
    Received: 1 March 2022
    Accepted: 26 May 2022
    Published: 15 August 2022
    DOI: 10.11648/j.scidev.20220303.15
    Abstract: Background and Objectives: Agriculture, as the main economic activity in the Garu district, employs over 95 percent of households. Yields of maize in the district are however low, probably as a result of intermittent drought, low soil fertility, diseases and pests infestation, and the use of inappropriate agronomic practices. The objective of the s... Show More
  • Assessment of Nutritional Composition, Vitamin C Content and Toxic Heavy Metals Concentration in Some Local Drinks Made in the Northern Part of Nigeria

    Jibrin Noah Akoji, Ovurevu Oyiza Dorcas, Kusherki Aliyu Ummulsa’ada

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, September 2022
    Pages: 117-121
    Received: 21 June 2022
    Accepted: 18 July 2022
    Published: 17 August 2022
    DOI: 10.11648/j.scidev.20220303.16
    Abstract: Five different locally prepared drinks (Kunun Acha, Kunun Gyada, Kunun Masara, Kunun Tsamiya, and Kunun Kanwa) were analyzed for proximate content and heavy metals concentration using Association of Official Analytical Chemists method and atomic absorption spectrophotometer respectively. The result indicated that moisture, ash, fat, protein and car... Show More
  • Evaluation and Registration of Introduced Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) Varieties in Afar Region, Ethiopia

    Megersa Daba Regessa, Yitages Kuma Beji, Muluken Demilie Alemu

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, September 2022
    Pages: 122-127
    Received: 30 May 2022
    Accepted: 28 June 2022
    Published: 27 September 2022
    DOI: 10.11648/j.scidev.20220303.17
    Abstract: Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is anciently most known cultivated fruit trees. The fruit composed of very nutritive minerals like potassium, calcium, iron, chlorine, phosphorus and magnesium. The tree tolerates relatively harsh climatic and soil conditions under which no other crop may give reasonable returns. In Ethiopia, date palm cultivated ... Show More