Central African Journal of Public Health

Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2020

  • Frequency and Determinants of Prescribing Antibiotics for Internal Medicine at Donka National Hospital (Guinea)

    Salifou Talassone Bangoura, Abdoulaye Toure, Sidikiba Sidibé, Alioune Camara, Djibril Sylla, Alpha-Kabinet Keita, Mamadou Saliou Sow, Alimou Camara, Mamadou Saliou Kalifa Diallo, Mohamed Cisse

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2020
    Pages: 1-4
    Received: Nov. 21, 2019
    Accepted: Dec. 17, 2019
    Published: Jan. 06, 2020
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    Abstract: Background: In hospitals, antibiotics are one of the most prescribed drug classes. The purpose of this study was to describe the extent and factors associated with the prescription of antibiotics in the Internal Medicine Department of Donka National Hospital. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from July 30, 2018 to January ... Show More
  • Dyslipidaemia and Its Correlates Among People Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Yenagoa, Southern Nigeria

    Bountain Welcome Tebeda, Hannah Odunola Dada-Adegbola, Aishat Bukola Usman, Muhammad Shakir Balogun, Olufunmilayo Ibitola Fawole

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2020
    Pages: 5-12
    Received: Dec. 07, 2019
    Accepted: Dec. 20, 2019
    Published: Jan. 06, 2020
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    Abstract: People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) are at risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality linked to dyslipidaemia because of plasma lipids alterations. Understanding the magnitude of dyslipidaemia and its correlates is essential for the CVD risk reduction in this population. We conducted this study to determine the prevalence and type... Show More
  • Challenges in Implementation of Infection Prevention and Control Measures During the Tenth Ebola Virus Disease in Northeastern of DRC, in 2019

    Paul Mansiangi Mankadi, Aimee Lulebo Mampasi, Guillaume Kiyombo Mbela, Jean-Claude Makenga Bof, Jean Nyandwe, Jack Hyyombo Tambwe Kokolomami

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2020
    Pages: 13-17
    Received: Oct. 24, 2019
    Accepted: Dec. 19, 2019
    Published: Jan. 07, 2020
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    Abstract: Health Workers (HWs) are most likely to be infected by the Ebola virus disease (EVD) through mainly nosocomial transmission because they treat patients with EVD; this occurs through close contact with patients when infection prevention and control (IPC) measures are not strictly practiced. This study aimed to assess the level of implementation of i... Show More
  • Declaration of Blood Sugar Levels with Black Raw and Binahong Leaves in Mencit (Mus musululus)

    Eni Sumarliyah, Dede Nasrullah, Mahardika Putra Tri Utama

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2020
    Pages: 18-22
    Received: Dec. 18, 2019
    Accepted: Jan. 04, 2020
    Published: Jan. 13, 2020
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    Abstract: Diabetes mellitus is a disease marked by an increase in blood sugar levels. At present many sufferers of Diabetes Mellitus whose blood sugar levels are not controlled so that it can cause complications. The purpose of this study was to reduce blood sugar levels with black onion extract and binahong leaf extract on mice (mus musculus). This study us... Show More
  • Risk Score to Predict Time-to Sputum Smear and Culture Conversions in Patients Treated with Shorter MDR Tuberculosis Regime in Guinea: A Retrospective Cohort Study

    Boubacar Djelo Diallo, Alhassane Diallo, Lansana Mady Camar, Gladys Djuiga Fotso, Souleymane Camara, Boubacar Bah, Magassouba Aboubacar Sidiki, Alpha Oumar Barry, Thierno Hassane Diallo, Camara Aboubacar, Néné Mamata Bah, Fulgence N’Zabintawali, Souleymane Hassane Haroune, Oumou Younoussa Sow

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2020
    Pages: 23-32
    Received: Dec. 20, 2019
    Accepted: Jan. 04, 2020
    Published: Jan. 13, 2020
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    Abstract: Background: Sputum smear and culture examination were used as bacteriological marker to monitor multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) treatment. We aimed to identify the strongest contributing factors that affect time-to sputum bacteriological conversion, and to develop a practical risk score. Methods: Patients treated with shorter MDR-TB treat... Show More
  • Development of a Prognosis Nomogram of Treatment Outcomes for MDR-tuberculosis in Guinea (Conakry): A Retrospective Cohort Analysis

    Boubacar Djelo Diallo, Alhassane Diallo, Lansana Mady Camara, Mafouné Diallo, Souleymane Camara, Boubacar Bah, Magassouba Aboubacar Sidiki, Alpha Oumar Barry, Thierno Hassane Diallo, Oumou Younoussa Sow

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2020
    Pages: 33-41
    Received: Dec. 18, 2019
    Accepted: Jan. 02, 2020
    Published: Jan. 16, 2020
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    Abstract: Despite the availability of the drug treatment for tuberculosis (TB) more than 75 years, mortality and drug resistance are increasing. Therefore, little data is available in Guinea. We aimed to develop and validate a prognosis nomogram of MDR-TB treatment outcomes. A retrospective cohort study was conducted among men and women, aged 18 years or old... Show More
  • Study of the Determinants of Food Diversification Among Pregnant Women in the Dakar Region in 2017 - Senegal

    Maty Diagne Camara, Oumar Bassoum, Cheikh Tacko Diop, Thérésa Foucko Moko, Mamadou Makhtar Mbacké Leye, Mayacine Ndiongue, Jean Augustin Diégane Tine, Khadim Niang, Adama Faye

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2020
    Pages: 42-47
    Received: Jan. 02, 2020
    Accepted: Jan. 16, 2020
    Published: Jan. 21, 2020
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    Abstract: As part of the prevention of nutritional deficiencies in pregnant women, the objective of the study is to identify the determinants of food diversity in pregnant women in the Dakar region. Cross-sectional survey in a three-stage cluster design. Two health districts in the Dakar region were randomly selected from urban and peri-urban areas. All preg... Show More
  • Assessing the Effects of Alcohol Consumption on the Work Performance of Teachers in the Builsa North District of the Upper East Region of Ghana

    Akum-Yeri Whittaker Ayom-Bil Robert, Der Muonir Edmund

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2020
    Pages: 48-54
    Received: Dec. 07, 2019
    Accepted: Dec. 19, 2019
    Published: Feb. 10, 2020
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    Abstract: Background: Alcohol consumption by teachers may impede or reduce productivity and cause lost for employers. The aim of the study was to ascertain the alcohol consumption patterns of teachers in the Builsa north district and the effects on work performance. Material and methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study. Data were analysed using ... Show More