Central African Journal of Public Health

Volume 7, Issue 4, August 2021

  • Study of Risk Factors for Major Non-communicable Diseases in Two Hospitals in Dakar (Senegal) in 2018

    Oumar Bassoum, Pengd-Wende Habib Bousse Traore, Jean Augustin Diegane Tine, Cheikh Tidiane Mbow, Ndeye Mareme Sougou, Amadou Ibra Diallo, Fatoumata Bintou Diongue, Ababacar Diop, Khadim Niang, Mamadou Moustapha Mbacke Leye, Adama Faye, Ibrahima Seck

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 4, August 2021
    Pages: 149-158
    Received: May 13, 2021
    Accepted: May 31, 2021
    Published: Jun. 21, 2021
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    Abstract: Introduction: The development of non-communicable diseases is supported by modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. In both primary prevention and secondary prevention, the possibility of action remains possible for individual modifiable risk factors. This study on the frequencies of individual and modifiable risk factors of a behavioral and met... Show More
  • Performance of Malaria Rapid Diagnostic Test in Asymptomatic Malaria Cases in Stable Transmission Area in Kisantu, Democratic Republic of Congo

    Gillon Ilombe, Sylvie Linsuke, Aimé Lulebo, Joris Likwela, Paulin Mutombo, Pascal Lutumba, Jean-Pierre Van Geertruyden Rika Matangila, Junior Rika Matangila

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 4, August 2021
    Pages: 159-163
    Received: May 26, 2021
    Accepted: Jun. 11, 2021
    Published: Jun. 21, 2021
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    Abstract: Background: Democratic Republic of Congo has shifted from pan test to mono-specific malaria RDT tests. A new Histidine rich protein 2 (HRP2)-based Rapid Diagnostic Tests for malaria diagnosis was then implemented. Objective: This study evaluated the performances of this new diagnostic tool compared to the thick smear as the gold standard. Method: T... Show More
  • Radiological Profile of Patients with COVID-19 at the LOMO Medical Center

    Benjamin Longo Mbenza, Aliocha Natuhoyila Nkodila, Evelyne Lukoki Luila, Christophe Mambueni Thamba, Gedeon Longo Longo, Herve-Alex Tukadila Kabangi, Serge Malenga, Ingrid Cecile Djuikoue, Etienne Mokondjimabe

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 4, August 2021
    Pages: 164-169
    Received: May 31, 2021
    Accepted: Jun. 15, 2021
    Published: Jun. 22, 2021
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    Abstract: Background and aim: COVID-19 is a public health problem but radiological data are still absent in developing countries. The aim of the study was to determine preliminary data from patients hospitalized for COVID-19 at the LOMO Medical Center during the first and second waves. Methods: Cross-sectional and descriptive study carried out in 83 patients... Show More
  • Prevalence and Risk Factors for Development of Asymptomatic Bacteriuria Among HIV Positive Pregnant Women in Jos, Nigeria

    Tinuade Abimbola Oyebode, Godwin Imade, Isichei Christian, Tolulope Afolaranmi, Halima Sule, Jonah Musa, Solomon Sagay, Prosper Okonkwo, Demetrios Kyriacou, Chad Achenbach, Phyllis Kanki

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 4, August 2021
    Pages: 170-181
    Received: Jun. 07, 2021
    Accepted: Jun. 19, 2021
    Published: Jun. 25, 2021
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    Abstract: The Human Immunodeficiency Virus pandemic is negatively affecting the reproductive health of women in Nigeria. It is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, especially where secondary infections exist. Studies document that HIV positive women are prone to reproductive and urinary tract infections, and due to physiologic changes in pregna... Show More
  • The Impact of Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) on Patients Visiting Outpatient Urology Clinic in a Nigerian Tertiary Hospital: A Cross Sectional Study

    Ehiremhen Ozah, Eshiobo Irekpita

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 4, August 2021
    Pages: 182-188
    Received: Jun. 16, 2021
    Accepted: Jun. 28, 2021
    Published: Jul. 02, 2021
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    Abstract: Background: The coronavirus pandemic had a major impact on health care service delivery globally. Work force in the health care sector and resources were focused on the critically ill from Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) following the huge number of patients contracting this rapidly spreading virus. All medical specialties not directly involved in t... Show More
  • Professionalisation of Program Evaluation in Africa: An Imperative for Effectiveness and Accountability for Public Policy

    Togbedji Maurice Agonnoude, Sègbegnon David Houeto, Gbenoukpo Sebastien Zannou, Maxime Agbo, Luc Behanzin, Corine Yessito Houehanou

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 4, August 2021
    Pages: 189-192
    Received: Mar. 30, 2021
    Accepted: Apr. 26, 2021
    Published: Jul. 08, 2021
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    Abstract: Program evaluation is an applied science which importance for accountability, efficacy and effectiveness of public policies makes consensus among scientific researchers. So, in developed countries, especially North America’ ones, it is a professional domain with professional associations, standards of practices and development of tools nurturing an... Show More
  • Opportunistic Intestinal Protozoan Infection Among HIV/AIDS Patients and the Associated Risk Factors in Jalingo Local Government, Taraba State

    Onyeuku Okechukwu Chinwe, Agbo Oche Joseph, Obiorah Sylvester Chibuzor, Elkanah Obadiah Sambo, Elkanah Deborah Sambo, Ayibatonye Lemmy Orutugu

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 4, August 2021
    Pages: 193-197
    Received: Jul. 30, 2020
    Accepted: Aug. 25, 2020
    Published: Jul. 23, 2021
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    Abstract: Opportunistic intestinal protozoan parasites are the major contributors affecting HIV/AIDS patients. This study determined the association between intestinal protozoan infection and some predisposing factors among HIV/AIDS patients. Samples were collected from both male and female HIV/AIDS patients and stool samples were also collected from non-HIV... Show More
  • Prevalence of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis and Dermatophytes Co-Infection in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Patients

    Abba Moses Audu, Oche Joseph Otorkpa, Odama Lillian Eniola

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 4, August 2021
    Pages: 198-203
    Received: Jun. 05, 2021
    Accepted: Jul. 12, 2021
    Published: Aug. 02, 2021
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    Abstract: The syndemic interaction between the Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV) and opportunistic infections can have far reaching consequences on a person’s health. HIV associated dermatophytic infections result in extensive skin lesions which can be difficult to treatdue to poor response to conventional antifungal therapy. HIV- associated tuberculosis e... Show More
  • Sexual Behaviour and Determinants of Reproductive Health Services Utilization Among Young People in a Rural Nigerian Community

    Ajibola Idowu, Oluseyi Kikelomo Israel, Roseline Oluyemisi Akande, Olatayo Ayodele Aremu, Yetunde Toyin Olasinde

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 4, August 2021
    Pages: 204-214
    Received: Jul. 15, 2021
    Accepted: Jul. 23, 2021
    Published: Aug. 09, 2021
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    Abstract: Background: Adolescents in West Africa face humungous sexual and reproductive health (SRH) challenges unlike their counterparts in developed countries. It is thus, important to contextually understand some of the factors influencing uptake of SRH services among young people in a low resource setting. Objectives: This study assessed sexual behaviour... Show More
  • Effect of Drugs and Combination of Diets with Exercise on Biochemical Parameters in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Barishal, Bangladesh: A Follow up Study

    Md Hasib, Md Nazmul Hassan, Md Golam Rabbani Akanda, Md Imran Hossain Shakil, Md Oashkuruni Hridoy

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 4, August 2021
    Pages: 215-221
    Received: Jul. 29, 2021
    Accepted: Aug. 09, 2021
    Published: Aug. 12, 2021
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    Abstract: Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder associated with an increased rate of glucose which can be reduced by diets, drugs, lifestyle changes and physical activity. The present study aimed to investigate the comparison of the effectiveness of drugs and combination of diets with exercise on biochemical parameters of Type 2 Diabetes mellitus... Show More
  • Performance of Rapid Diagnosis Technique (RDT) in Screening Malaria Among Patients of Selected Health Facilities in Ardo-Kola Local Government Area, Taraba State

    Obiorah Sylvester Chibuozor, Elkanah Obadiah Sambo, Onyeuku Okechukwu Chinwe, Elkanah Deborah Sambo, Agbo Oche Joseph, Ayibatonye Lemmy Orutugu

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 4, August 2021
    Pages: 222-226
    Received: Jul. 30, 2020
    Accepted: Aug. 25, 2020
    Published: Aug. 23, 2021
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    Abstract: Malaria infection is one of the most common disease of public health importance afflicting millions of people in sub-Saharan Africa. Malaria diagnosis and surveillance rely predominantly on rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs). This study investigated the performance of Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT) against microscopy of stained blood for Plasmodium falcipa... Show More
  • Breast Self-examination Practice and Associated Factors Among Women of Reproductive Age in Adama Town, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

    Lemlem Kebede, Meyrema Abdo, Abebe Megerso

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 4, August 2021
    Pages: 227-235
    Received: Jul. 23, 2021
    Accepted: Aug. 19, 2021
    Published: Aug. 31, 2021
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    Abstract: Breast Self-Examination is the process where by a woman examines her own breasts by seeing and feeling with fingers to detect breast lump or swelling. More than 90% cases of breast cancer are detected by women themselves. Poor practice of breast self-examination is usually associated with patient delay. The five-year survival rate for a localized b... Show More