American Journal of Modern Physics

Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2014

  • The Fine-Structure Parameters and Zeeman Splitting of Levels of the Configurations 1sni (n = 7 − 10) of the Helium Atom

    Galina Pavlovna Anisimova, Igor Cheslavovich Mashek, Olga Aleksandrovna Dolmatova, Anna Petrovna Gorbenko, Robert Ivanovich Semenov, Martin Luther Tchoffo, Galina Aleksandrovna Tsygankova

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2014
    Pages: 143-151
    Received: May 28, 2014
    Accepted: May 29, 2014
    Published: Jun. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: By the semiempirical method in the intermediate coupling, the fine-structure parameters of 1sni Helium atom configurations were determined from the resolution of the system of nonlinear equations by the Newton’s iteration method. The system is based on an energy operator nondiagonal matrix, in which the following interactions were taken into accoun... Show More
  • The Integral Energy-Momentum 4-Vector and Analysis of 4/3 Problem Based on the Pressure Field and Acceleration Field

    Sergey Grigor'yevich Fedosin

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2014
    Pages: 152-167
    Received: Jun. 10, 2014
    Accepted: Jun. 20, 2014
    Published: Jun. 30, 2014
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    Abstract: As a result of integration of the equations of motion with regard to the pressure field and acceleration field the system’s integral energy-momentum 4-vector is found. It is shown that this vector in the covariant theory of gravitation must be equal to zero. This allows us to explain the 4/3 problem and the problem of neutrino energy in an ideal sp... Show More
  • Multi-Wavelength Raman Characterization of Back-Gated Monolayer and Bilayer Graphene

    Maedeh Arvani, Mahdi Aghajanloo

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2014
    Pages: 168-172
    Received: Jun. 11, 2014
    Accepted: Jul. 09, 2014
    Published: Jul. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: In this work, we investigate the Raman spectrum of gated monolayer and bilayer graphene devices. We used Raman spectroscopy with three different excitation wavelengths: (488nm, 514nm and 633nm). After producing graphene sheets by scotch tape technique, Raman spectrometry used to distinguish between bilayer, mono layer and other few layer of graphen... Show More
  • On the Origin of the Observer

    Amrit Sorli

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2014
    Pages: 173-177
    Received: Jun. 05, 2014
    Accepted: Jul. 22, 2014
    Published: Jul. 30, 2014
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    Abstract: Observer is a fundamental element of physics and science in general. It also plays an important role in modern psychology as an entity that has ability to be aware of all different contents of conscious and unconscious mind. Observer is a central point of developed personality and represents the origin of creativity, auto-reflective thinking and me... Show More
  • Secondary Phase Transition of Ising Model

    You-Gang Feng

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2014
    Pages: 178-183
    Received: Jul. 18, 2014
    Accepted: Jul. 29, 2014
    Published: Aug. 10, 2014
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    Abstract: Lttice-spin phonons are considered, which make the heat capacity at the critical temperature satisfy experimental observations better. There is a BEC phase transition in an Ising model attributable to the lattice-spin phonons. We proved that the spin-wave theory only is available after BEC transition, and the magnons have the same characteristics a... Show More
  • Self-Similar Transformations of Lattice-Ising Models at Critical Temperatures

    You-Gang Feng

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2014
    Pages: 184-194
    Received: Jul. 18, 2014
    Accepted: Jul. 29, 2014
    Published: Aug. 10, 2014
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    Abstract: We classify geometric blocks that serve as spin carriers into simple blocks and compound blocks by their topologic connectivity, define their fractal dimensions and describe the relevant transformations. By the hierarchical property of transformations and a block-spin scaling law we obtain a relation between the block spin and its carrier’s fractal... Show More