European Journal of Preventive Medicine

Volume 4, Issue 3, May 2016

  • Prevalence of Diarrhoea Disease Among Infants in an Urban and a Rural Local Government Area in Anambra State, Nigeria: A Comparative Study

    Azuike Emmanuel Chukwunonye, Nwabueze Simeon Achunam, Adinma Echendu Dolly, Udedibia Ifeanyi Ndubuisi, Onyemachi Prince Ezenwa, Igwebike Uchenna Nwanneka, Aniemena Reginald Chidozie, Ezenyeaku Chijioke Amara, Emerenini Ikenna

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 3, May 2016
    Pages: 56-60
    Received: 10 March 2016
    Accepted: 21 March 2016
    Published: 5 April 2016
    Abstract: Introduction: Diarrhoea is the 10th most common cause of infant morbidity and mortality in the developing countries, though it is regarded as a minor illness in developed countries. The burden of diarrhoea in the developing world has been estimated by the world health organisation (WHO) to be about 1.7x109 episodes of diarrhoea with 4.4 million chi... Show More
  • Trend of HIV Prevalence in Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care Clinic at Faith Alive Foundation and Hospital, Jos, Plateau State

    Anyaka Charles, Ocheke Amaka, Oyebode Tinuade, Isichei Mercy, Anyaka Ifechi, Isichei Christian

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 3, May 2016
    Pages: 61-64
    Received: 8 February 2016
    Accepted: 21 February 2016
    Published: 8 April 2016
    Abstract: Objective: HIV prevalence data from pregnant women who attended Antenatal Care Clinic over a five year period were used in the Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission (PMTCT) of HIV programmes and remain useful for Prevention, Care, Treatment and Support of pregnant women and ensuring that the goal of zero transmission is met. It also helped pol... Show More
  • Impact of Vaccination on Measles Transmission Patterns in Gweru City, Zimbabwe, 1960-89

    Tawanda Marufu, Seter Siziya, Willard Tinago

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 3, May 2016
    Pages: 65-72
    Received: 15 March 2016
    Accepted: 25 March 2016
    Published: 13 April 2016
    Abstract: A study was carried out in Gweru urban district (population-158233) in Zimbabwe to determine the impact of measles vaccine applied at 9 months of age on measles transmission patterns. A retrospective observational study that used data from measles vaccination records and measles disease surveillance was conducted. Linear regression analysis and the... Show More
  • Influence of Community Based Counsellors and Factors Associated with Exclusive Breastfeeding Practices in Ile – Ife, Nigeria

    Olorunfemi Akinbode Ogundele, Tolulope Ogundele

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 3, May 2016
    Pages: 73-78
    Received: 17 March 2016
    Accepted: 28 March 2016
    Published: 21 April 2016
    Abstract: In spite of breastfeeding being almost universal in Nigeria, exclusive breastfeeding rate is low. Poor practices remain a major cause of neonatal and infant mortality. Community Integrated Management of Childhood illness (CIMCI) is a programme that employs the use of community based counsellors to address these challenges. The study assessed the ef... Show More
  • Diagnostic Value of Homocysteine, Cystatin C and Lipid Indices in Assessment of Cardiovascular Risk Status of Patients with Diabetes Type 2

    Brown Holy, Joshua Marcella Tari

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 3, May 2016
    Pages: 79-84
    Received: 7 April 2016
    Accepted: 19 April 2016
    Published: 3 May 2016
    Abstract: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is characterized by hyperglycaemia and glycosuria due to defects in insulin secretion from the Islets of Langerhans and associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). The imperativeness to assess effectiveness of various cardiovascular risk tools is critical with increasing rate of people with diabetes type 2. Study was aimed ... Show More
  • Effectiveness of Clinician Client Centered Counseling on HIV Knowledge and Attitudes of Adult HIV/AIDS Patients Enrolled in Care in Yola, Nigeria: A Randomized Clinical Trial

    Olutayo Folashade Martins, Lekhraj Rampal, Lye Munn-Sann, Sherina Mohd Sidik, Norlijah Othman, Zubairu Iliyasu, Fatai Kunle Salawu

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 3, May 2016
    Pages: 85-94
    Received: 13 April 2016
    Accepted: 25 April 2016
    Published: 11 May 2016
    Abstract: This study assessed the effectiveness of a clinician client centered counseling on HIV knowledge and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS of adult HIV positive patients enrolled in care in Yola, Nigeria. The study was a 3 arm randomized single blind clinical trial involving 386 randomly selected and allocated adult HIV patients who were enrolled into ART at ... Show More