European Journal of Preventive Medicine

Volume 6, Issue 4, July 2018

  • Clinical Risk Factors Associated with HIV-Tuberculosis Co-Infection Among Patients on Antiretroviral Therapy, Bungoma and Webuye County Hospitals (2015), Kenya

    Robert Shihuzire Magomere, Ronald Omenge Obwoge

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 4, July 2018
    Pages: 38-44
    Received: 25 August 2017
    Accepted: 7 September 2017
    Published: 19 September 2018
    Abstract: Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading causes of death among people living with Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV) and first presenting sign in majority of people living with HIV. Factors influencing TB among HIV patients on anti retroviral treatment (ART) are not well described in our settings. The study aimed to assess clinical factors influencing occ... Show More
  • Miraa Use Among Somali Youth Living in Eastleigh, Nairobi Kenya

    Eunice Jemalel Nyavanga

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 4, July 2018
    Pages: 45-52
    Received: 22 June 2018
    Accepted: 29 August 2018
    Published: 25 September 2018
    Abstract: Eastleigh is a suburb in Nairobi inhabited predominantly by Somalis and known for a number of activates that includes businesses, stop over of youth people from the western world on their way to Somalia or to learn the culture and get spouses. Miraa use has been associated with the Somali community. The area of study was chosen as Section 1 from th... Show More
  • Fruit and Vegetable, Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption among Kindergartners in Accra Metropolitan Area, Ghana: A Cross-Sectional Study

    Perdita Hilary Lopes, Donne Kofi Ameme, George Kuma Khumaloo, Nana Afia Ntim, Rexford Adade, Phoebe Balagumeyetime, Evans Nsor Ayamdooh, Patrick Akandi, Maame Amo-Addae

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 4, July 2018
    Pages: 53-57
    Received: 29 April 2018
    Accepted: 5 September 2018
    Published: 6 October 2018
    Abstract: Background: Fruit and vegetable consumption (F&VC) provide important nutrients and greatly reduces the risk of non-communicable diseases, especially when started from childhood. F&VC among adults in Ghana is one of the lowest worldwide, and this may also pertain to children. Since school children spend considerable time in school, what they eat dur... Show More
  • The Relationship Between the Ratio of Interleukin-10(IL-10) and Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) with Plasmodium falciparum Density in Nigerian Children

    Okoro Chinyere Ihuarulam, Agomo Chimere Obiora, Ihenetu Francis Chukwuebuka, Iroegbu Uchechi Francis, Odinaka Kelechi Kenneth, Nnadozie Raymond Ikechukwu, Dunga Kingsly Excell, Okoro Oluchi Ijeoma

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 4, July 2018
    Pages: 58-63
    Received: 18 July 2018
    Accepted: 20 August 2018
    Published: 8 October 2018
    Abstract: Circulating levels of Tumour Necrosis Factor (TNF)-α have been shown to correlate with disease severity in African children. Interleukin 10 (IL-10) production appears to be important in the induction and maintenance of immunity to P. falciparum in naturally exposed populations.TNF-α induces fever, and elevated body temperatures can suppress parasit... Show More