Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries

Volume 4, Issue 4, August 2015

  • Effects of land use practices on soil organic carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus in river Nzoia drainage basin, Kenya

    Wabusya Moses, Humphrey Nyongesa, Martha Konje, Humphrey Agevi, Mugatsia Tsingalia

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 4, August 2015
    Pages: 153-158
    Received: 12 January 2015
    Accepted: 11 February 2015
    Published: 19 June 2015
    Abstract: Land use activities along River Nzoia Drainage Basin, Kenya, include cultivation along the river banks, over grazing, deforestation, draining of wetlands for horticulture, harvesting of sand and brick-making. These activities have brought about changes in soil properties in the drainage basin adversely affecting farming output and the ecosystem in ... Show More
  • Survey of Nematode Destroying Fungi from Selected Vegetable Growing Areas in Kenya

    Wachira P. M., Muindi J. N., Okoth S. A.

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 4, August 2015
    Pages: 159-164
    Received: 19 January 2015
    Accepted: 18 April 2015
    Published: 2 July 2015
    Abstract: Plant parasitic nematodes cause up-to 5% yield losses to a wide range of economic crops. In Kenya vegetables yield loss attributed to plant parasitic nematodes is estimated to 80%. Over the years, nematode control has heavily on the use of chemical nematicides which unfortunately leads to biological magnification and elimination of the beneficial m... Show More
  • Analyzing Risks Related to the Use of Pesticides in Vegetable Gardens in Burkina Faso

    Rayim Wendé Alice Naré, Paul Windinpsidi Savadogo, Zacharia Gnankambary, Hassan Bismarck Nacro, Michel Papaoba Sedogo

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 4, August 2015
    Pages: 165-172
    Received: 30 September 2014
    Accepted: 14 November 2014
    Published: 4 July 2015
    Abstract: In West Africa, the uncontrolled use of pesticides by vegetable farmers leads to contamination of soils as well as surface and ground water. Farmers also use various sources of organic amendments which could impact the fate of the pesticides in soils. This study was conducted to identify the type of pesticides and organic amendments used in the mai... Show More
  • Plantlet Regeneration of Somatic embryos from Leaf Explants of Mentha arvensis(L.) A medicinally important Plant

    Sammaiah D., Odelu G., Venkateshwarlu M., Srilatha T., Anitha Devi U., Ugandhar T.

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 4, August 2015
    Pages: 173-178
    Received: 6 June 2015
    Accepted: 21 June 2015
    Published: 9 July 2015
    Abstract: The present study was conducted with the aim of evaluating some of the factors that influence induction and plantlet regeneration of somatic embryos in Mentha arvensis ( L) var piperascens Holmes (menthol or Japanese mint)since there are no available reports on Somatic embryogenesis and regeneration of plantlet in this medicinally important plant ... Show More
  • Farmers’ Awareness of the Effects of Climate on Growth and Yield of Potato (Solanum Tuberosum) in Jos-South Local Government Area of Plateau State, Nigeria

    Wuyep Solomon Zitta, Samuel Akintayo Akinseye, Yakubu Pwajok Mwanja

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 4, August 2015
    Pages: 179-183
    Received: 2 July 2015
    Accepted: 13 July 2015
    Published: 28 July 2015
    Abstract: This study assessed farmers’ knowledge on the effect of climate on growth and yield of potato in Jos -South Plateau State. The instrument of data collection used for this study include structured questionnaire. Purposive sampling design was followed in the selection of 200 farmers. The study was undertaken in four districts of Jos- South (Du, Vwang... Show More
  • Structure and Regeneration Status of Menagesha Amba Mariam Forest in Central Highlands of Shewa, Ethiopia

    Abiyou Tilahun, Teshome Soromessa, Ensermu Kelbessa

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 4, August 2015
    Pages: 184-194
    Received: 7 July 2015
    Accepted: 21 July 2015
    Published: 30 July 2015
    Abstract: This study was conducted in Menagesha Amba Mariam Forest, a dry evergreen afromontane forest in central highlands of Ethiopia. The aim of the study was to determine vegetation structure, and regeneration status of the forest. Sixty- nine sample plots (20 m x 20 m) were laid following altitudinal gradient and each quadrat has a 125 m altitudinal dro... Show More
  • Key Informant Perceptions on the Invasive Ipomoea Plant Species in Kajiado County, South Eastern Kenya

    Kidake K. Bosco, Manyeki K. John, Kirwa C. Everlyne, Ngetich Robert, Nenkari Halima, Mnene N. William

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 4, August 2015
    Pages: 195-199
    Received: 27 July 2015
    Accepted: 5 August 2015
    Published: 19 August 2015
    Abstract: Invasion of rangelands by undesirable plant species is one of the challenges facing rangeland productivity and to an extension livestock production in East Africa. They have affected communities in different ways in areas where they grow. Focus group discussions and interviews were held in two sites in pastoral and agro-pastoral regions of Kajiado ... Show More