Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries

Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2014

  • Response to Fertilizer of Native Grasses (Pennisetum polystachion and Setaria Sphacelata) and Legume (Tephrosia pedicellata) of Savannah in Sudanian Benin

    KINDOMIHOU Missiakô Valentin, SAIDOU Aliou, SINSIN Brice Augustin

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2014
    Pages: 142-146
    Received: Feb. 12, 2014
    Accepted: May 17, 2014
    Published: May 20, 2014
    DOI: 10.11648/j.aff.20140303.11
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    Abstract: Response to nitrogen fertilizer of 2 grass species, Pennisetum polystachion and Setaria sphacelata, and one legume Tephrosia pedicellata was studied in northern Benin. The 3 species are native in Sudanian grasslands and occur on tropical ferruginous soils. The experimental plots were fertilized with a basal dressing of potassium chloride and triple... Show More
  • Connectivity and Ecological Indicators Analysis of Tropical Forest Landscape in Batang Toru Watershed - Indonesia

    Samsuri, I. Nengah Surati Jaya, Cecep Kusmana, Kukuh Murtilaksono

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2014
    Pages: 147-154
    Received: Apr. 16, 2014
    Accepted: May 09, 2014
    Published: May 20, 2014
    DOI: 10.11648/j.aff.20140303.12
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    Abstract: Connectivity is one of the important issues in the context of natural resources due to its potential in preventing the impact of habitat fragmentation. Landscape forest connectivity facilitates organism movement, genetic exchange, and other ecological material flows. Loss of connectivity may result declining of ecosystem production and cut the mate... Show More
  • Methane Emission on Intensive rice Farming with Water Frequency and Fertilizer Management in North Sumatera

    Khadijah EL Ramija, Zulkifly Nasution, M. Zarlis, Retno Widiastuti

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2014
    Pages: 155-162
    Received: May 13, 2014
    Accepted: May 26, 2014
    Published: May 30, 2014
    DOI: 10.11648/j.aff.20140303.13
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    Abstract: Rice cultivation during four planting seasons by using cultivation system improvements, especially in the management provision of water and fertilizer, other than increasing rice production can also reduce methane emission which is often rumored as a cause of global warming. Efforts to reduce methane emission from paddy fields must be done because ... Show More
  • Spatiotemporal Distribution of Peatland Fires in Kapuas District, Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia

    Achmad Siddik Thoha, Bambang Hero Saharjo, Rizaldi Boer, Muhammad Ardiansyah

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2014
    Pages: 163-170
    Received: May 14, 2014
    Accepted: May 23, 2014
    Published: May 30, 2014
    DOI: 10.11648/j.aff.20140303.14
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    Abstract: Peatland fires occur almost every year in Indonesia and their impact is harmful to human life and the environment. The objective of this study was to determine the distribution of peat fires, including hotspot characteristic, fire period and spatial distribution according to biophysical factors and human activities. Characteristics of peatland fire... Show More
  • Asymmetry Effect of Intercropping Non Host Crops between Cabbage and Climatic Factor on the Population of the Diamondback Moth (Plutella Xylostella L.) and Yield

    Mohammad Feizal Daud, Fauziah I., Mohd Rasdi Z., Fairuz K., Abu Zarim U., Syed Abdul Rahman S. A. R., Ismail R., Mohd Hanysyam M. N., Norazliza R.

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2014
    Pages: 171-177
    Received: Aug. 29, 2013
    Accepted: May 08, 2014
    Published: Jun. 20, 2014
    DOI: 10.11648/j.aff.20140303.15
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    Abstract: Diamondback Moth (DBM) is one of the major constraints for the profitable production of cabbage in Cameron Highlands, Malaysia. The loss in yield of cabbage caused by DBM could reach up to more than 80% if a severe infestation occurred in the field. Due to that problem, farmers in Cameron Highlands are preferred to apply the broad spectrum of synth... Show More
  • Length-Weight Relationships for Five Lessepsian Fish Species from the Coast of Benghazi, Libya (Southern Mediterranean)

    Houssein Elbaraasi

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2014
    Pages: 178-180
    Received: Apr. 21, 2014
    Accepted: May 20, 2014
    Published: Jun. 30, 2014
    DOI: 10.11648/j.aff.20140303.16
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    Abstract: This paper provides length–weight relationships estimated for 5 Lessepsian fish species (four families), economically important to the local community, of the coast of Benghazi-Libya; namely: Fistularia Commersonii, Saurida undosquamis, Siganus luridus, Siganus rivulatus and Scomberomorus commerson. The regressions for all species were found to be ... Show More
  • Principal-Agent Relationship in Policy Implementation of the Use of Forest Area for Mining Activity, Indonesia

    Manifas Zubayr, Dudung Darusman, Bramasto Nugroho, Dodik Ridho Nurrochmat

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2014
    Pages: 181-188
    Received: May 24, 2014
    Accepted: Jun. 16, 2014
    Published: Jun. 30, 2014
    DOI: 10.11648/j.aff.20140303.17
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    Abstract: The use of forest area (UFA) is defined as utilization of a portion of forest land for any development purposes outside forestry without changing its function and designation. This study is aimed to explore the relationship of principal and agent in the UFA implementation. Based on the agency theory and using descriptive-qualitative methods, this ... Show More
  • Effects of Mineral Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizers on Yield and Nutrient Utilization of Bread Wheat (Tritcum aestivum) on the Sandy Soils of Hawzen District, Northern Ethiopia

    Bereket Haileselassie, Dawit Habte, Mehretab Haileselassie, Gebremedhin Gebremeskel

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2014
    Pages: 189-198
    Received: May 22, 2014
    Accepted: Jun. 19, 2014
    Published: Jun. 30, 2014
    DOI: 10.11648/j.aff.20140303.18
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    Abstract: On-farm field experiments were conducted to assess the effects of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) on yield, yield components, nutrients uptake and use efficiencies, protein content of bread wheat, residual soil nitrogen and phosphorus availability and economic return of fertilizer application. The locations of the experiments were in two nearby far... Show More
  • Determination of Optimum Seed Rate for Productivity of Rice (Oryza Sativa L.), at Woito, Southern Ethiopia

    Tekle Yoseph, Tekle Yoseph

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2014
    Pages: 199-202
    Received: Jun. 05, 2014
    Accepted: Jun. 22, 2014
    Published: Jun. 30, 2014
    DOI: 10.11648/j.aff.20140303.19
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    Abstract: A field experiment was undertaken at Woito, to determine the effect of seed rate on productivity of rice (Oryza Sativa L.), at Woito. The experiment was conducted with five levels of seed rate (40, 60, 80, 100 and 120 kg ha-1). The treatments were laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with four replications. Phenological and growth ... Show More
  • Effect of Drought Stress and Helium Neon (He-Ne) Laser Rays on Growth, Oil Yield and Fatty Acids Content in Caster Bean (Ricinus communis L.)

    Sami Ali Metwally, Sharbat Leithy Meawad Mohamed, Bedour Helmy Abou-Leila, Mohammed Sayed Aly

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2014
    Pages: 203-208
    Received: Jun. 15, 2014
    Accepted: Jun. 28, 2014
    Published: Jun. 30, 2014
    DOI: 10.11648/j.aff.20140303.20
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    Abstract: Pot trail were carried out at greenhouse of National Research Centre, Dokki, Egypt, to evaluate the effect of different irrigation intervals 5,10 and 15 days combined with two exposure time of He-Ne laser rays (0 and 5 min.) on the growth, oil yield and fatty acids constituents of Ricinus communis. Plant height, Stem diameter, leaves number leaf ar... Show More