American Journal of Pediatrics

Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2020

  • A Determination of the Serum Ascitic Fluid Albumin Concentration Gradient in Children with Chronic Liver Disease and Nephrotic Syndrome

    Md. Zakaria, ASM Bazlul Karim, Mohammad Monir Hossain, Md. Wahiduzzaman Mazumder, Md. Mostafa Zaman, Nadira Parvin

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2020
    Pages: 386-391
    Received: Feb. 05, 2020
    Accepted: Apr. 23, 2020
    Published: Sep. 30, 2020
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    Abstract: This prospective cross sectional study was carried out in the Department of Paediatrics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka Medical College Hospital and Dhaka Shishu Hospital, Dhaka for a period of one year and six months starting from July 2012 to December 2013. The main objective of the study was to determine the serum ascitic flu... Show More
  • The Prevalence and Risk Factors of Sleep Disorders Among Adolescent in Junior High School

    Defranky Theodorus, I Gusti Ayu Trisna Windiani, I Gusti Agung Ngurah Sugitha Adnyana, Soetjiningsih

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2020
    Pages: 392-396
    Received: Sep. 20, 2020
    Accepted: Sep. 30, 2020
    Published: Oct. 13, 2020
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    Abstract: Sleep disorders are collection of symptoms characterized by disruption of amount, quality, or time of sleep. Adolescent are high-risk group for sleep disorders. Sleep disorders among adolescent are affected by various factors such as extracurricular activities, watching television, using computer, using mobile phone and homework could delay sleepin... Show More
  • The Impact of Combined Steroid-propranolol Therapy on the Involution of Infantile Hemangioma

    Mosaad Abdel Hameed Soliman, Khalid Abdel Aziz Mowafy, Mohamed Adel Abdel Maksoud, Amr Mostafa Elshafey, Nashaat Abdrabo Elsaadany, Reem Mosaad Soliman

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2020
    Pages: 397-407
    Received: Sep. 17, 2020
    Accepted: Oct. 07, 2020
    Published: Oct. 17, 2020
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    Abstract: Infantile hemangioma (IH) is the most common benign vascular neoplasm of infancy, occurring in 1.0–2.5% of white infants, especially girls. Steroids and propranolol are the most widely used drugs as a primary treatment for IH. Although their mechanism of action is not well understood, their beneficial effect is documented. Our purpose was to compar... Show More
  • The Impacts of Home Confinement Due To Coronavirus (COVID-19) on Children: A Cross Sectional Survey Study, Mediclinic City Hospital, Dubai, UAE

    Sam Hassan, Mary Saviour, Sanjay Perkar, Tessy Augustine, Samie Ullah Ahmed, Bindu Radhadevi, Shaheena Batool, Rawan Abunqira, Erica Delos Santos, Helen Strike, Manal Blelepsm

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2020
    Pages: 408-420
    Received: Sep. 20, 2020
    Accepted: Oct. 07, 2020
    Published: Oct. 17, 2020
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    Abstract: Children are developing individuals with countless factors affecting their growth and development, from genetics to parenting, schools, environments, nutrition, good habits of sleep and health. They are very sensitive individuals to sudden changes in routine. Schools represent life for them and a place of not only learning, but also social interact... Show More
  • Prevalence of Adverse Childhood Events (ACEs) and Its Relationships to Life-Satisfaction Among Patients with Psychiatric Disorders

    Wachiraporn Arunothong

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2020
    Pages: 421-427
    Received: Sep. 23, 2020
    Accepted: Oct. 07, 2020
    Published: Oct. 17, 2020
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    Abstract: Objective: To demonstrate the prevalence of ACEs and the association of ACEs’ effects on life- satisfaction among patients with psychiatric disorders. Methods: Patients with psychiatric disorders aged ≥ 18 were enrolled. Patients who had dementia and could not read or write in Thai were excluded. Patients were asked to complete demographic, ACEs, a... Show More
  • Generalized Tetanus in an 8-Years-Old Boy: A Case Report

    Katharina Yosephin Lakonawa, I Made Gede Dwi Lingga Utama, I Wayan Gustawan

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2020
    Pages: 428-432
    Received: Sep. 21, 2020
    Accepted: Oct. 07, 2020
    Published: Oct. 23, 2020
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    Abstract: Nowadays tetanus is a rare disease in developed countries due to the success of immunization, but children who were not immunized are still at risk. Awareness of early clinical symptoms of tetanus is crucial since the diagnosis is based on clinical symptoms. Severe tetanus can occur and lead to sequelae if there was no timely diagnosis and proper t... Show More
  • Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome: A Case Report at the Gynaeco-Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital in Yaounde, Cameroon

    Daniel Armand Kago Tague, Evelyn Mah, Félicitee Nguefack, Georges Pius Kamsu Moyo, Lionel Loic Kago Tcheyanou, Faustin Mouafo

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2020
    Pages: 433-436
    Received: Sep. 28, 2020
    Accepted: Oct. 15, 2020
    Published: Oct. 23, 2020
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    Abstract: Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome is a rare congenital syndrome, but one of the most common among overgrowth syndromes. It was described firstly by Beckwith in 1963. The incidence of BWS is about 1:13 700 births, with an equal sex distribution. It is characterized by macrosomia, macroglossia, omphalocele and anterior abdominal wall defects. It is a compl... Show More
  • Characteristics of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Infection in Pediatric Patients Treated in Sanglah General Hospital Denpasar During Period February 2017 - May 2019

    Ida Ayu Putu Purnamawati, I Wayan Gustawan, I Made Gede Dwi Lingga Utama, Ni Made Adi Tarini

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2020
    Pages: 437-441
    Received: Oct. 06, 2020
    Accepted: Oct. 17, 2020
    Published: Oct. 23, 2020
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    Abstract: Health-care-associated infections is one of the causes of high mortality among inpatient children. Globally, prevalence nosocomial infection are 8.7%. In Indonesia, prevalence of nosocomial infection at 2014 are 148.703 cases. One of the Gram negative pathogen that has been known can cause nosocomial infection is Pseudomonas aeruginosa. This study ... Show More
  • Outcome Comparison Between Pulmonary and Extrapulmonary Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit

    Ni Made Reditya Noviyani, Ida Bagus Gede Suparyatha, Dyah Kanya Wati, I Nyoman Budi Hartawan

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2020
    Pages: 442-447
    Received: Oct. 09, 2020
    Accepted: Oct. 22, 2020
    Published: Oct. 30, 2020
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    Abstract: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a lung disease characterized by severe diffuse inflammation and hypoxemia. The cause of ARDS can be pulmonary or extrapulmonary originated. The outcome of pulmonary and extrapulmonary pediatric ARDS are poorly described. The objective of this study was to determine the outcome differences between pulmon... Show More
  • A Clinical Profile and Immediate Outcome of Acute Glomerulonephritis (AGN) in Hospitalized Children

    A. N. M. Shahidul Islam Bhuiyan, Zahangir Alam, Khondaker Zahirul Hasan, Md Mostafa Zaman, Md Zakaria

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2020
    Pages: 448-454
    Received: Jul. 26, 2020
    Accepted: Oct. 13, 2020
    Published: Nov. 04, 2020
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    Abstract: Introduction: Acute glomerulonephritis includes renal diseases in which immunologic mechanism triggers inflammation and proliferation of glomerular tissue that can result in damage to the basement membrane, proliferation of mesangium, capillary endothelium. Objectives: The objective of this study is to know the clinical profile and immediate outcom... Show More
  • Pyloric Duplication in Ten Years Old Girl: A Case Report

    Ni Made Reditya Noviyani, Ni Nyoman Metriani Nesa, I Gusti Ngurah Sanjaya Putra, I Putu Gede Karyana, Kadek Deddy Ariyanta, I Made Darmajaya, Pande Putu Yuli Anandasari, Ni Wayan Winarti

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2020
    Pages: 455-458
    Received: Oct. 10, 2020
    Accepted: Oct. 26, 2020
    Published: Nov. 09, 2020
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    Abstract: Gastrointestinal duplication cysts are rare congenital anomalies. Pyloric duplication represents 2.2% of all gastrointestinal tract duplications. The presentations merely depend on the site of occurrence, size and type of the cyst, and presence of ectopic mucosal lining. A ten years old girl vomited for two months, accompanied with stomach ache and... Show More
  • The Quality of Life in Children with Hemophilia in Bali

    I Gusti Ayu Trisna Windiani, Putu Antara, Soetjiningsih, I Gusti Agung Ngurah Sugitha Adnyana, Ketut Ariawati

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2020
    Pages: 459-462
    Received: Mar. 04, 2020
    Accepted: Sep. 15, 2020
    Published: Nov. 11, 2020
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    Abstract: Hemophilia in children adversely affects both their psychological as well as their physical health. It is important to understand more about the quality of life (QoL) in this patient population. The aim of this study was to assess health-related QoL of children with hemophilia in Bali. A cross sectional study was carried out on children with hemoph... Show More
  • Correlation of Occipito-Frontal Circumference and Occipito-Heel Length with Birth Weight of Singleton Term Babies in Enugu, South East, Nigeria

    Ozor Ignatius Ikemefuna, Nduagubam Obinna Chwukwuebuka, Okafor Igwebuike Innocent, Agwagu Zita Njideka, Abireh Ifeanacho Ezeteonu, Ozioko Sebastine Uche, Ugwuanyi Obinna Kingsley

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2020
    Pages: 463-467
    Received: Aug. 04, 2020
    Accepted: Aug. 18, 2020
    Published: Nov. 19, 2020
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    Abstract: Background: Anthropometric measurements of the new-borns are important indicators of their intra-uterine growth and development; and could be reliable predictors of their health status. This study was carried out to determine the relationships between occipito-frontal head circumference and occipito-heel length to the birth weight of singleton term... Show More
  • A Comparative Study between SAM with Edema and SAM without Edema and Associated Factors Influencing Treatment, Outcome & Recovery

    Zabeen Choudhury, Dhiman Chowdhury, Tanjina Hoq, Morjina Begum, Mohammad Shamsul Alam

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2020
    Pages: 468-475
    Received: May 07, 2020
    Accepted: Jul. 10, 2020
    Published: Nov. 23, 2020
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    Abstract: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is an established contributor of under-five mortality and morbidity. Achieving desired treatment outcome has proven to be challenging. There is limited data concluding the success of treatments in the study area. Objective: This study was aimed to compare the recovery from severe acute malnutrition with identified me... Show More
  • Graves’ Disease in Fourteen Years Old Girl

    I Gusti Ayu Prema Yani Sidemen, I Made Arimbawa

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2020
    Pages: 476-480
    Received: Nov. 05, 2020
    Accepted: Nov. 18, 2020
    Published: Dec. 04, 2020
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    Abstract: Graves’ disease (GD), an autoimmune disorder resulting from thyrotropin (TSH) receptor stimulation by autoantibodies, is an uncommon disease in children. The incidence of GD is thought to be rising and is currently about 0.1 per 100,000 person-years in young children to 3 per 100,000 person-years in adolescents. The estimated prevalence varies betw... Show More
  • Clinical Presentation and Complications of Different Congenital Heart Disease in Children

    Kuntal Roy, Md. Humayun Shahed, Kaushik Roy, Quazi Sahely Sarah, Nandita Sur Chowdhury

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2020
    Pages: 481-487
    Received: Jun. 14, 2020
    Accepted: Oct. 10, 2020
    Published: Dec. 16, 2020
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    Abstract: The clinical presentation of congenital heart disease varies according to the type and severity of the defect. Aim of the study: The aim of this study is to observe the clinical presentation and complications of different congenital heart disease. Material & Methods: It was a hospital based Cross-sectional study carried out prospectively in the dep... Show More
  • Influence of Exercise on Body Composition and Patient Outcomes in a Multidisciplinary Pediatric Obesity Clinic

    Rebecca Espinosa, Kelly Hearne, Ayoola Adigun, Lisa Farkas, Ryan Cranshaw, Cara Boyarin, Morgan Sawyer, Debora Duro

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2020
    Pages: 488-494
    Received: Nov. 10, 2020
    Accepted: Nov. 21, 2020
    Published: Dec. 16, 2020
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    Abstract: Background: Childhood obesity has become a global epidemic, with approximately 34% of American children affected. This study describes outcomes seen in patients of a Multidisciplinary Pediatric Obesity Clinic (MPOC) who are compliant with individualized exercise regimens conducted by a Clinical Exercise Physiologist (CEP). The goal of this study is... Show More
  • Fever as an Adverse Drug Reaction of Different Therapeutic Groups

    Sergey Postnikov, Natalia Teplova, Aleksey Ermilin, Marya Kostyleva, Anna Gratzyanskaya, Yulia Eremina, Galina Chervyakova

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2020
    Pages: 495-503
    Received: Nov. 16, 2020
    Accepted: Dec. 04, 2020
    Published: Dec. 16, 2020
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    Abstract: Fever (t>38°C) developed in association with drug usage is rare but sometimes severe side effect (SE). It could manifest as single symptom or as a part of such life-threatening syndromes like malignant hyperthermia (MH), serotonin syndrome (SS), neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). Fever could be caused by different therapeutic groups of drugs but... Show More
  • Neonatal Complications of Teenage Pregnancies: Prospective Study About 209 Cases in Senegal

    Modou Gueye, Djibril Boiro, Amadou Sow, Yaay J Dieng, Dieynaba F Cisse, Aliou Abdoulaye Ndongo, Seynabou Senghor, Papa Moctar Faye, Ousmane Ndiaye

    Issue: Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2020
    Pages: 504-507
    Received: Nov. 25, 2020
    Accepted: Dec. 04, 2020
    Published: Dec. 16, 2020
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    Abstract: Summary: Early pregnancy is associated with a high risk of maternal and neonatal complications with significant neonatal morbidity and mortality, especially in developing countries. The objective was to assess morbidity and analyze the causes of neonatal mortality linked to these early pregnancies. Methodology: This was a prospective and descriptiv... Show More