American Journal of Pediatrics

Volume 9, Issue 3, September 2023

  • Renal Involvement in Hospitalized Children with COVID-19

    Mahmoud Alhandi Omar Helal, Abubakr Imam, Shaikha Nasser Al-Thani, Wadha Al-Shafi, Lujain Loay, Farid Fatnassi, Mahmoud Abdul Majid, Malek Almoustafa, Fatin A. Moussa, Mohammed Sultan, Moustafa Ezz, Limia Altaj Sati Seed

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 3, September 2023
    Pages: 104-113
    Received: Jun. 06, 2023
    Accepted: Jun. 21, 2023
    Published: Jul. 08, 2023
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    Abstract: Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), usually causes respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms in children. While the clinical features range from upper respiratory tract infections to severe diseases. Kidney involvement in these children has been reported in different parts of the world, with different prevalence and acuity. To date, da... Show More
  • Revolutionizing Anesthesia Using Esketamine for Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia: A Case Report

    Liu Zhang, Xuejie Li

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 3, September 2023
    Pages: 114-117
    Received: Jun. 12, 2023
    Accepted: Jun. 28, 2023
    Published: Jul. 08, 2023
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    Abstract: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a rare developmental abnormality involving the partial formation of the diaphragm, which creates an opening that allows abdominal organs to extend into the chest cavity. Children with congenital diaphragmatic hernia often face complications such as lung infection, hypoxia, acid-base imbalance, and electrolyt... Show More
  • Central Diabetes Insipidus (CDI) in Very Low Birth Weight Neonate: Case Report

    Allam Fayez Mahmoud Abuhamda

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 3, September 2023
    Pages: 118-121
    Received: Jun. 02, 2023
    Accepted: Jun. 19, 2023
    Published: Jul. 11, 2023
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    Abstract: Diabetes Insipidus (DI) is rare, with an estimated incidence of 1 in 25,000 cases; less than 10% of cases are hereditary. CDI accounts for over 90% of DI cases and can appear at any age, depending on the cause. There is no indication that hereditary CDI causes are frequent. Central diabetes insipidus (CDI) is uncommon in neonates, particularly in v... Show More
  • Recurrent Acute Kidney Injury in a Child Due to CD46 Mutation Associated Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome: A Case Report and Review of Literature

    Lipsa Priyadarshini, Subal Kumar Pradhan

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 3, September 2023
    Pages: 122-125
    Received: Jun. 20, 2023
    Accepted: Jul. 07, 2023
    Published: Jul. 20, 2023
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    Abstract: Background: Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a relatively rare disorder characterized by microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and renal dysfunction due to gene mutation of complement factors leading to dysregulated activation of the alternative complement pathway. Mutation of CD46 or membrane cofactor protein accounts fo... Show More
  • The Importance of Prebiotics and Quality Nutrition Such as Iron and Vitamin C to Ensure the Psychomotor and Cognitive Behaviors in Toddlerhood

    Shahabuddin Mahmud, Shabnam Sharmin, Md. Aynul Islam Khan, Rifat Jahan, Shah Muhammad Masuduzzaman, Mushfiqur Rahman, Biplob Kumer Saha, Morshed Alam

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 3, September 2023
    Pages: 126-136
    Received: Feb. 13, 2023
    Accepted: Mar. 27, 2023
    Published: Jul. 27, 2023
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    Abstract: Prebiotics are a class of substances that the gut flora breaks down. Interest in their link to general human health has grown in recent years. Their breakdown products include short-chain fatty acids that are released into the bloodstream and can feed the intestinal microbiota, which has an impact on not only the gastrointestinal tracts but also ot... Show More
  • Kwashiorkor in an Exclusive Breastfed Infant in a Sri Lanka

    Manori Priyadarhani, Jeewana Prasad, Asanka Alexander, Hemali De Silva, Perly Gamage

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 3, September 2023
    Pages: 137-139
    Received: Oct. 04, 2022
    Accepted: Nov. 01, 2022
    Published: Jul. 31, 2023
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    Abstract: Protein energy malnutrition is a common problem in developing countries rather than developed countries. Protein energy malnutrition is mainly divided into two groups, such as acute protein energy malnutrition and chronic protein energy malnutrition. In acute protein energy malnutrition mainly decreased weight gain with normal linear growth resulti... Show More
  • Efficacy of Lactobacillus Reuteri in Improving Gut Barrier Function & Management of Infantile Colic

    Sukhamoy Kangsha Banik, Mahmuda Zaman, Muhammad Rezaul Karim, Mohammed Mahfuzur Rahman, Ahmed Nazmul Anam, Hasan Al Zami, Farzana Rahman Chowdhury

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 3, September 2023
    Pages: 140-149
    Received: Jan. 08, 2023
    Accepted: Jul. 10, 2023
    Published: Jul. 31, 2023
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    Abstract: Infantile colic is a frustrating impasse that affects up to 20% of infants. Nevertheless, its pathogenesis is currently unknown, some hypotheses are food hypersensitivity or allergy, gut dysmotility, inflammation, and visceral pain. Probiotics use in treatment and prevention of infantile colic is a moderately new topic. Moreover, Probiotics strains... Show More
  • Prevalence and Clinical Presentation of Congenital Anomalies in Neonates

    Mizanur Rahman, Mohammad Abdullah Al Mamun, Monir Hossain

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 3, September 2023
    Pages: 150-153
    Received: Sep. 08, 2022
    Accepted: Jun. 12, 2023
    Published: Aug. 17, 2023
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    Abstract: Introduction: The impact of congenital anomalies on newborn mortality is determined by a number of factors, including the prevalence of congenital anomalies, the prevalence of other opposing causes of death, the superiority and accessibility of medical and surgical care, and the presence and efficacy of primary prevention policies. The aim of the s... Show More
  • Risk Factors for the Development of Epilepsy Among Children with Cerebral Palsy

    Mohammad Mohsin, Farjana Yesmin Khan, Razia Sultana, Ahmed Hosain, Nusrat Shams, Seikh Azimul Hoque

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 3, September 2023
    Pages: 154-163
    Received: Mar. 25, 2023
    Accepted: Apr. 28, 2023
    Published: Aug. 22, 2023
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    Abstract: Background: Cerebral palsy is the most common physical disability in children. Epilepsy is one of the most common and important co-morbidity among patients with cerebral palsy. Epilepsy is said to occur in 15–90% of children with CP. There is a paucity of studies among these individuals to determine the risk factors predicting the development of ep... Show More
  • Effect of Periconceptional Life Style Factors on Occurrence of Birth Defect

    Nusrat Shams, Monir Hossain, Mahfuza Shirin, Husnea Ara Khan, Mohammad Mohsin

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 3, September 2023
    Pages: 164-170
    Received: Jun. 10, 2023
    Accepted: Jul. 04, 2023
    Published: Aug. 22, 2023
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    Abstract: Globally, birth defects (BDs) affect approximately 3-5% of infants and can arise during intrauterine life, remaining present at birth regardless of whether they are immediately recognized. These defects can be caused by a variety of factors, including chromosomal anomalies, multifactorial etiology, single gene disorders, and environmental influence... Show More
  • Comparison of Clinical and Laboratory Characteristics of COVID-19 and Respiratory Diseases of Other Etiology in Hospitalized Children

    Huseynova Ilhama Yelmar, Hasanov Alekber Qazanfar, Mammadova Fakhriya Makhmud, Gafarov Ismayıl Adil

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 3, September 2023
    Pages: 171-179
    Received: Jul. 24, 2023
    Accepted: Aug. 10, 2023
    Published: Aug. 22, 2023
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    Abstract: Today, respiratory diseases are one of the most widespread pathologies of children, causing maximum morbidity. The aim of our study was to determine and analyze differences in clinical and laboratory data and outcomes among children hospitalized with respiratory diseases of COVID-19 and other etiologies. For this purpose, 164 patients under the age... Show More
  • Top 100 Most Cited Articles on Acne Vulgaris

    Malini Sivasaththivel, John Su, Anousha Yazdabadi

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 3, September 2023
    Pages: 180-185
    Received: Nov. 14, 2022
    Accepted: Dec. 14, 2022
    Published: Aug. 28, 2023
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    Abstract: Background: Acne vulgaris is a common skin condition presentation seen by dermatologists for which clinicians are well armed to manage. Bibliometric analysis scientifically assesses the impact of published research in any given field and identifies clinical issues of current interest. Objective: The aim of the study was to elucidate the 100 most ci... Show More