American Journal of Pediatrics

Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2021

  • The Impact of Spirometry on Diagnosis and Treatment: Asthma in Children

    Md. Kamruzzaman, Habiba Jesmin, Probir Kumar Sarkar, Nabila Akhand, Mosharraf Hossain, Sarbon Tohura

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2021
    Pages: 1-4
    Received: Nov. 05, 2020
    Accepted: Jan. 13, 2021
    Published: Jan. 30, 2021
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    Abstract: Introduction: Spirometry is a common method that is used to determine common lung raspatory diseases and lung capacity. It is also used to treat asthma, an extremely common lung disease. Aim of the study: The aim of this study is to assess the clinical improvement and changes in spirometric measurements with treatment in children with newly diagnos... Show More
  • Clinical Profile of Child COVID-19 Patients of Bangladesh

    Sayeeda Anwar, Iffat Ara Shamsad, AKM Amirul Morshed, Fatema Farzana

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2021
    Pages: 5-8
    Received: Dec. 29, 2020
    Accepted: Feb. 03, 2021
    Published: Feb. 10, 2021
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    Abstract: Background: Millions of people worldwide have been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Due to the prevalence of malnutrition, refusal of immunization during a pandemic, nutritional anemia, air pollution, poverty, poor parental education, inadequate access to high-quality acute healthcare, the clinical characteristics and outcomes of children in Bang... Show More
  • Mortality of Neonatal Sepsis with Abnormal Blood Glucose Level

    Made Laksmi Dewi Adnyana, I Gusti Ngurah Sanjaya, Made Sukmawati, Ni Putu Siadi Purniti, Ida Bagus Subanada, I Wayan Gustawan

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2021
    Pages: 9-13
    Received: Jan. 26, 2021
    Accepted: Feb. 06, 2021
    Published: Feb. 10, 2021
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    Abstract: Sepsis is the third leading cause of death in neonates after asphyxia and low birth weight babies (LBW). Abnormal blood glucose, both hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia, were common metabolic changes in neonatal sepsis. This condition can higher the risk of morbidity and mortality in neonatal sepsis. The aim of this study is to prove the difference in ... Show More
  • Double-positive Anti-glomerular Basement Membrane Disease in a Child with Crescentic Glomerulonephritis: A Case Report and Review of Literature

    Subal Kumar Pradhan, Snehamayee Nayak

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2021
    Pages: 14-18
    Received: Dec. 28, 2020
    Accepted: Jan. 14, 2021
    Published: Feb. 23, 2021
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    Abstract: ‘Double-positive’ with anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) antibody and anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) is an extremely rare cause of small vessel vasculitis in children. Studies have reported a distinct hybrid phenotype in double-positive patients which requires an aggressive treatment approach. The data on double positive chi... Show More
  • Anogenital Distance in Newborns with Hypospadias

    Shashank Patil, Shridhar Ghagane, Manas Sharma, Nerli Rajendra, Nitin Pingale, Pulkit Gupta

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2021
    Pages: 19-22
    Received: Sep. 10, 2020
    Accepted: Oct. 05, 2020
    Published: Mar. 04, 2021
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    Abstract: Hypospadias is a very common congenital anomaly in which the urethra opens onto the ventral aspect of the penis rather than at the tip. It has an incidence of less than 1% of live male births. In humans, anogenital distance (AGD) is a sexually dimorphic measure of genital development. In this study, we intended to examine the association between AG... Show More
  • Factors Associated with Childhood Tonsillitis in Somalia

    Abdulkadir Mohamed Muse, Abdiwahab Mohamed Hassan, Gallad Dahir Hassan

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2021
    Pages: 23-27
    Received: Feb. 17, 2021
    Accepted: Mar. 01, 2021
    Published: Mar. 10, 2021
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    Abstract: Background: Tonsillitis, acute or chronic, is more common among children than adults. Risk factors associated with the occurrence of tonsillitis among Somali children are not well-defined mainly due to lack of health research in Somalia. The purpose of this study is to identify the main risk factors of childhood tonsillitis to better prevent and av... Show More
  • Probiotics: Popping the Prevalence and Parental Perspective

    Georgia Parry, David Tuthill

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2021
    Pages: 28-33
    Received: Jan. 04, 2021
    Accepted: Mar. 03, 2021
    Published: Mar. 17, 2021
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    Abstract: The aim of this project was to evaluate parental knowledge and opinions on the use of probiotics in children, specifically comparing those attending an allergy or gastroenterology clinic with parents of other paediatric patients. A survey containing nine items was administered to a convenience sample of parents in the inpatient and outpatient depar... Show More
  • Redesigning the Door Reduces the Potential for Finger Injuries in Children

    Ivan Yang, Loren Yamamoto

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2021
    Pages: 34-38
    Received: Feb. 27, 2021
    Accepted: Mar. 17, 2021
    Published: Mar. 30, 2021
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    Abstract: The standard door is a safety hazard for young children often resulting in crush injuries, nail avulsions, fractures, lacerations, and amputations. This type of injury occurs mostly in households and may sometimes happen to adults, although this is less common. The simplicity of the door’s design has continually become a concern mostly due to its p... Show More
  • Neurocysticercosis (NCC) in 15-Year-Old Girl, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia: A Case Report

    Albert William Hotomo, Defranky Theodorus, Ivan Veriswan

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2021
    Pages: 39-43
    Received: Mar. 05, 2021
    Accepted: Mar. 23, 2021
    Published: Mar. 30, 2021
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    Abstract: Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is an acquired parasitic infection of the central nervous system (CNS) in humans caused by encysted pork tapeworm larvae, namely Taenia solium. NCC has been discovered to be the most common etiology of focal seizure among the pediatric population. The severe CNS sequelae by NCC might cause to poor quality of life, eventuall... Show More