American Journal of Pediatrics

Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2021

  • Extreme Reactive Thrombocytosis Post-Splenectomy in 16 Years Old Boy

    Desmiyati Natalia Adoe, Ketut Ariawati, Aankp Widnyana

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2021
    Pages: 95-99
    Received: May 20, 2021
    Accepted: Jun. 07, 2021
    Published: Jun. 16, 2021
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    Abstract: Thrombocytosis is a common occurrence in childhood. The most common causes of thrombocytosis are infection, trauma, surgery, and malignancy. Splenectomy may cause reactive thrombocytosis, which affects approximately 75-80% of patients and is associated with an increased risk of thrombotic and hemorrhagic complications. The appearance of thrombocyto... Show More
  • Risk Factor of Elevated Blood Pressure Among Children in Tulikup Village, Bali

    Christin Natalia Kalembang, Gusti Ayu Putu Nilawati, Bagus Ngurah Mahakrishna

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2021
    Pages: 100-104
    Received: May 31, 2021
    Accepted: Jun. 15, 2021
    Published: Jun. 23, 2021
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    Abstract: Elevated blood pressure in children is a worldwide problem, constitute as major, often overlooked, public health problem in many countries. Normal blood pressure value in children varies based on age, sex and body height which available in standardized table. Measurement of blood pressure is crucial and needed to be done at least once a year in eve... Show More
  • Assessment of Awareness Among Parents of Children with Thalassemia Major in Bangladesh: A Hospital Based Study

    Mohammad Musa Meah, Zabeen Choudhury, Mohammad Bani Yeamin, Bimal Chandra Das, Jhulan Das Sharma

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2021
    Pages: 105-112
    Received: Apr. 20, 2021
    Accepted: Jun. 03, 2021
    Published: Jun. 28, 2021
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    Abstract: Introduction: Thalassemia is the world’s most common hereditary disease and is a paradigm of monogenic genetic disease. Many children in Bangladesh are carrier of thalassemia which is a major threat for the upcoming generation. The aim of this study was to determine the awareness among parents of children with thalassemia major. Methodology & Mater... Show More
  • Metabolic Syndrome in Obese Children over Five Years Old

    Douaa Kharbotly, Ahmad Chreitah, Muhammed Imad Khayat

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2021
    Pages: 113-116
    Received: Jun. 09, 2021
    Accepted: Jun. 21, 2021
    Published: Jul. 09, 2021
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    Abstract: Background: Obesity is an important pediatric public health problem associated with increased risk of many complications in childhood and increased morbidity and mortality throughout adult life. Objectives: To assess the prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in obese children and the relationship between Metabolic Syndrome and Body mass index (BMI), sex... Show More
  • The Prevalence of Positivity of Anti Tissue Transglutaminase in Patients with Short Stature in Pediatric Endocrinology Clinic of Tishreen Hospital in Lattakia

    Mohammad Daaboul, Ahamad Chreitah, Ali Mohamed

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2021
    Pages: 117-120
    Received: Jun. 14, 2021
    Accepted: Jun. 23, 2021
    Published: Jul. 10, 2021
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    Abstract: Background: Short stature is a public health problem that, by definition, affects 2.5% of the population around the world, and higher rates in some areas. Celiac disease is one of the causes of short stature, it occurs with multiple mechanisms. And it is one of the causes that can be treated and thus the final length improvement, especially with th... Show More
  • Childhood Pneumonia: Prevalence and Associated Factors as Seen at a Tertiary Health Institution in Southeast Nigeria

    Chukwuemeka Ngozi Onyearugha, Nneka Chioma Okoronkwo

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2021
    Pages: 121-125
    Received: Jun. 25, 2021
    Accepted: Jul. 21, 2021
    Published: Jul. 24, 2021
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    Abstract: Background: Pneumonia has been reported to be a leading cause of mortality in children aged less than 5 years worldwide particularly in low resource nations. To achieve the Sustainable Developmental Goal (SDG) 3.2 which aims at reducing neonatal mortality and under five mortality, effective steps should be taken to stem the prevalence and mortality... Show More
  • Clinico- Radiologic and Genetic Study of Fraser Syndrome: A Case Report

    Sujayendra Kulkarni, Ashwini H., Ashalata Mallapur, Yasmeen Maniyar

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2021
    Pages: 126-129
    Received: Jun. 14, 2021
    Accepted: Jul. 12, 2021
    Published: Jul. 27, 2021
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    Abstract: Cryptophthalmos syndrome or Fraser syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder, characterized by major features such as cryptophthalmos, cutaneous syndactyly, malformation of the larynx, abnormal genitalia, craniofacial dysmorphism, orofacial clefting, mental retardation and musculoskeletal anomalies. It is inherited in an autosomal recessive p... Show More
  • Attachment-Based Therapy for Addiction and Trauma in Children and Adolescents

    Frank Maria Fischer

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2021
    Pages: 130-136
    Received: Jun. 23, 2021
    Accepted: Jul. 21, 2021
    Published: Jul. 27, 2021
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    Abstract: This article is about why children and adolescents with traumatic experiences are particularly at risk of becoming severely addicted. It addresses the question of why it is so difficult for them to feel safe in therapeutic relationships. It will be examined to what extent the epidemiology of addiction, trauma, and attachment disorder provides evide... Show More
  • Current Prevalence and Determinants of Anaemia in Under-five Children in Rural Bangladesh: A Cross Sectional Study

    Mohammad Moniruzzaman Mollah, Ashik Mosaddik, Asgor Hossain, Andrew Asim Roy, Sultana Naznin, Mohammad Shukur Ali, Parvez Hassan

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2021
    Pages: 137-144
    Received: Jul. 03, 2021
    Accepted: Jul. 24, 2021
    Published: Aug. 02, 2021
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    Abstract: Background: Anaemia and its association with low physical and cognitive development in under-five children remain a common public health burden in developing countries including Bangladesh. Childhood anemia is significantly associated with age, rural residence, infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices, infectious disease, maternal illiteracy... Show More
  • A Neonatal Case with a Prenatal Diagnosis of Capillary Malformation-arteriovenous Malformation Syndrome (CM-AVM)

    Somia Errazaki, Martina Marangoni, Guillaume Smits, Boris Lubicz, Dorottya Kelen

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2021
    Pages: 145-149
    Received: Jun. 28, 2021
    Accepted: Jul. 23, 2021
    Published: Aug. 09, 2021
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    Abstract: Capillary malformation arteriovenous malformation syndrome (CV-AVM) is marked by the appearance of vascular lesions on the skin, frequently found on the face and limbs. The main genetic defect in this syndrome is a mutation in the RASA-1 gene transmitted in an autosomal dominant manner. Besides, this syndrome is characterized by a wide intra- and i... Show More
  • Evaluation of Risk Factors and Management of Neonatal Jaundice in Newborns Admitted in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Rural Haryana

    Rupan Deep Kaur, Sonika Lamba, Manoj Rawal

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2021
    Pages: 150-153
    Received: Jul. 15, 2021
    Accepted: Aug. 02, 2021
    Published: Aug. 09, 2021
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    Abstract: Introduction: Neonatal jaundice is one of the most common medical problems in healthy full-term infants during the immediate postnatal period. Neonatal jaundice is the most common cause of readmissions in hospitals in the neonatal period. In low-resource settings, where the majority of births occur outside facilities and access to monitoring and la... Show More
  • The Effect of Obesity and Overweight on Pulmonary Function in School-Aged Children

    Nurshan Mohamed Hamzah, Ahmed Chreitah, Maamoun Hakim

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2021
    Pages: 154-158
    Received: Jun. 27, 2021
    Accepted: Jul. 28, 2021
    Published: Aug. 11, 2021
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    Abstract: Background: Obesity has an increasing prevalence worldwide in both industrial and developing countries. It also leads to serious complications among most body systems including the respiratory system; which has not been well studied and proven in Arab countries. Objective: To evaluate the association between obesity degrees, and pulmonary function ... Show More
  • Kocuria Kristinae Meningitis and Cranial Nerve Palsies Secondary to Sphenoid Sinusitis: About a Case

    Werdani Amina, Yahyaoui Omar, Jammeli Nesrine, Rassas Ahmed, Boussofara Raoudha, Khedher Mohamed, Mahjoub Bahri

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2021
    Pages: 159-162
    Received: Jul. 25, 2021
    Accepted: Aug. 09, 2021
    Published: Aug. 23, 2021
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    Abstract: Kocuria spp, previously classified as the members of Micrococcacae family, was rarely reported as a human pathogen. Kocuria Kristinae could cause invasive infections of large variety of tissues in patients of any age. We report the first case of meningitis with sixth and third nerve palsies secondary to sphenoid sinusitis caused by Kocuria Kristina... Show More
  • Risk Factors of Ischemic Stroke in Children with Head and Neck Tumors: A Clinical Case Description with a Literature Review

    Anastasia D. Rodina, Vladimir Sh. Vanesyan, Tatiana V. Gorbunova, Natalia V. Ivanova, Vladimir G. Polyakov

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2021
    Pages: 163-169
    Received: Aug. 10, 2021
    Accepted: Aug. 24, 2021
    Published: Aug. 31, 2021
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    Abstract: Ischemic stroke (AI) is becoming an increasingly important and urgent problem in pediatrics due to the occurrence of neurological disorders that affect the quality of life and limit the social adaptation of a child. The clinical picture of ischemic stroke in pediatric practice differs from the manifestation of this pathology in adult patients. Chil... Show More
  • Progressive Hyperpigmentation in a Child: An Early Marker of Infantile Tremor Syndrome

    Shivi Nijhawan, Anviti Gupta, Manisha Nijhawan, Divya Yadav, Madhu Mathur

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2021
    Pages: 170-173
    Received: Jul. 13, 2021
    Accepted: Aug. 02, 2021
    Published: Sep. 04, 2021
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    Abstract: Hyperpigmentary disorders are commonly encountered group of dermatoses in the paediatric age group. One of the most common causes of progressive generalised hyperpigmentation in paediatric population is nutritional vitamin B12 deficiency (NVBD). NVBD can present with a bunch of signs and symptoms like skin hyperpigmentation, pallor and regression o... Show More
  • Application of Bundle Intervention in Infant Chloral Hydrate Enema Sedation

    Sha Wang, Caiqing Wu, Shaoxin Lin, Xufen Huang

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2021
    Pages: 174-177
    Received: Aug. 19, 2021
    Accepted: Aug. 31, 2021
    Published: Sep. 08, 2021
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    Abstract: It is annoying for infants to operate examination, because they often cry during examination, which makes it difficult to carry out the examination smoothly. Therefore we aimed to investigate the effect of bundle intervention on chloral hydrate enema sedation in infants. This observational analytic study was a design of a non-randomized controlled ... Show More
  • The Value of Calretinin in the Diagnosis of Hirschsprung's Disease in Dakar

    Abdou Magib Gaye, Gabriel Nougnignon Comlan Deguenonvo, Ibou Thiam, Sophia Raafa, Marie Joseph Dieme-Ahouidi, Cherif Mouhamed Moustapha Dial

    Issue: Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2021
    Pages: 178-181
    Received: Sep. 03, 2021
    Accepted: Sep. 17, 2021
    Published: Sep. 26, 2021
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    Abstract: Introduction: Hirschsprung's disease is a congenital anomaly characterised by a rarefaction or absence of ganglion cells associated with schwannian hyperplasia or hypertrophy involving the colon or a segment of the colon. Its diagnosis is based on clinical, radiological and histological evidence. Haematoxylin-eosin examination is used in cases of s... Show More