American Journal of Pediatrics

Volume 10, Issue 2, June 2024

  • Case Report

    Scurvy in Children: A Case Report

    Siham Satlane*, Imane Chahid, Fatima Harim, Meriem Atrassi, Dalal Bensabbahia, Abdelhak Abkari

    Issue: Volume 10, Issue 2, June 2024
    Pages: 48-51
    Received: 4 March 2024
    Accepted: 20 March 2024
    Published: 2 April 2024
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    Abstract: Scurvy is all the symptoms associated with a diet deficient in ascorbic acid or vitamin C, found in fresh fruit and vegetables. Scurvy is a pathology resulting from a deep and prolonged vitamin C deficiency, which can manifest itself as a bleeding syndrome, wound healing disorders, rheumatic signs, or gum damage. If left untreated (vitamin C supple... Show More
  • Research Article

    Epidemiology of and Factors Associated with Helicobacter Pylori Infection and Proportion Requiring Treatment Among Symptomatic Children in Northwestern Tanzania

    Mwanaidi Mkwizu*, Hyasinta Jaka, Stephen Mshana, David Majinge, Igembe Nkandala, Delfina Msanga, Tulla Masoza, Benson Kidenya, Elig Kimosso, Neema Kayange

    Issue: Volume 10, Issue 2, June 2024
    Pages: 52-62
    Received: 23 February 2024
    Accepted: 19 March 2024
    Published: 11 April 2024
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    Abstract: Background: Helicobacter pylori infection has been reported to affect more than half of the global population. The persistence of H. pylori infection results to chronic gastritis and peptic ulcer disease. Despite this burden there is limited published studies regarding proportion of Helicobacter pylori infected children that require treatment in ma... Show More
  • Research Article

    Factors Associated with Drug Use Among Secondary and High School Adolescents

    Mekone Nkwele Isabelle*, Menguene Justine Laure, Abada Siméone Carelle, Kamo Hélène Selangai, Elong Jules Thierry, Meguieze Claude Audrey, Epee Ngoué Jeannette, Nsoh Ndeh-Fofang, Nguefack Séraphin

    Issue: Volume 10, Issue 2, June 2024
    Pages: 63-68
    Received: 15 March 2024
    Accepted: 27 March 2024
    Published: 11 April 2024
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    Abstract: Introduction: Drug abuse is a significant public health concern among adolescents, who are a very susceptible group. This study aimed to identify the various factors associated with drug use among adolescents in secondary school. Methodology: Between October 2022 and April 2023, a cross-sectional and analytical study was carried out among adolescen... Show More
  • Research Article

    Diagnostic Value of Faecal Calprotectin in Children with Chronic Gastrointestinal Disorders at Yaounde General Hospital

    Mekone Nkwele Isabelle*, Ngo Libii Li Ntep Marguerite Audrey, Nkeck Jériel Pascal, Epée Ngoué Jeannette, Ngogang Marie Paul, Nguefack Félicité, Ama Moor Vicky Jocelyne

    Issue: Volume 10, Issue 2, June 2024
    Pages: 69-74
    Received: 18 March 2024
    Accepted: 1 April 2024
    Published: 11 April 2024
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    Abstract: Introduction: Chronic gastrointestinal disorders are common in children. Numerous faecal biomarkers, such as faecal calprotectin, are used in the aetiological diagnosis of these digestive disorders. The study aimed to investigate the diagnostic value of faecal calprotectin in paediatric chronic gastrointestinal disease compared with that obtained i... Show More
  • Case Report

    Endoscopic Repair of Refractory Tracheoesophageal Fistula with a Cardiac Septal Occluder Device in a 12 Years-Old Patient

    Castañeda-Ortiz Ramon Alfredo*, Salgado-Sandoval Antonio, Gutiérrez-Escobedo José Jesús, Rodríguez-Izaguirre Rodrigo Alejandro, Gallardo-Luna Miguel Servando, Meza-Gallegos Analí, Flores-Arizmendi Ramon Alejandro, Montalvo-Aguilar Jesús Francisco, Terriquez-Rodríguez Sergio

    Issue: Volume 10, Issue 2, June 2024
    Pages: 75-80
    Received: 22 February 2024
    Accepted: 7 April 2024
    Published: 28 April 2024
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    Abstract: Purpose: Esophageal atresia (EA) and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) are rare anomalies in neonates that must be surgically repaired by esophageal reconstruction with or without ligation of the fistula. Recurrent tracheoesophageal fistula (rTEF) occurs in 3-15% of primary surgical repairs in esophageal atresia; it is associated with recurrent hospi... Show More
  • Research Article

    Complete Versus Incomplete Antenatal Corticosteroid Therapy and Number of Doses of Surfactant Used Posnatally: A Single-Center Study

    Suzi Mansour*, Rami Harb, Philippe Michel, Sarah Cassandra Raymond, Suzanne Borrhomée

    Issue: Volume 10, Issue 2, June 2024
    Pages: 81-95
    Received: 19 January 2024
    Accepted: 12 February 2024
    Published: 28 April 2024
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    Abstract: Introduction: Antenatal corticosteroid therapy reduces the risk of developing RDS in premature infants. A single complete course of two doses of betamethasone is recommended between 24 weeks and 34 weeks. There are few data on the neonatal effects of an incomplete course of antenatal corticosteroid therapy. The main objective of our study is to eva... Show More
  • Research Article

    Application of the Rox Index as a Predictor of Respiratory Failure in Pediatric Patients Receiving High-Flow Oxygen Therapy Support at the Roberto Gilbert Elizalde Hospital

    Karla Calderón-Salavarría*, Jimmy Barreiro-Casanova

    Issue: Volume 10, Issue 2, June 2024
    Pages: 96-106
    Received: 29 April 2024
    Accepted: 15 May 2024
    Published: 30 May 2024
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    Abstract: Background: High-flow oxygen therapy is an ideal treatment for managing respiratory failure. It avoids orotracheal intubation; however, some patients are refractory to this treatment. The ROX Index aims to detect early failure in high-flow oxygen therapy; nevertheless, its use has been poorly studied in pediatrics. Objective: To evaluate the applic... Show More